In the article, Has America Given Up on the Dream of Racial Integration by Alana Semuels, the author uses testimonies to strengthen her argument that cities today are still segregated. She mainly refers to Beaumont in Texas. One example of using a personal testimony is the author used the quote from Janice Brassard, “This town is caught in the 1950s,” to imply that Beaumont is still stuck in the Civil Rights era. They live with racism and discrimination which proves her claim of “Has America given up on racial integration?” According to John Henneberg, a fair-housing advocate, the government and authority won’t interfere unless there is a big problem. Yet the highways split Beaumont into three sections. The north and south side are poor, 79%
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In Ira Katznelson’s book, When Affirmative Action Was White, he establishes a clear, understood meaning of affirmative action. In this text, affirmative action is best described as policies enacted around the mid-1900s that required traditionally marginalized minorities to be in spaces (such as classrooms, workplaces, and sports teams) to help level the playing field. Essentially, affirmative action policies sought to give benefits to minorities as compensation to alleviate past ills. The book’s title, however, seems to flip this definition on its head, describing a time where affirmative action policies were arranged to favor white people. Katznelson argues that New Deal era policies were created to continue legal segregation without truly
Ira Katznelson is the author of When Affirmative Action Was White, a historical analysis of the history of affirmative action and racial inequality in the United States of America. Katznelson takes a definitive approach to the history of legislation and inequalities and prepares the reader initially with his title. Katznelson’s argumentative position and approach to the title of his book makes the reader question about affirmative action for white Americans, but in reality what Katznelson means by his title, When Affirmative Action Was White, is more based on the social programs and federal grant opportunities that were created and provided to Americans during the Roosevelt and Truman administration. Katznelson argument encompasses historical
The New Deal, World War II, and post-World War II marked significant periods in American history as the federal government created various programs to relieve the nation from the Great Depression and spur economic growth. However, as Ira Katznelson points out in his book, “When Affirmative Action Was White,” these programs held disparities that disproportionately benefited white Americans. This essay will examine how New Deal, World War II, and post-World War II programs represented affirmative action for white Americans. In “When Affirmative Action Was White,” Katznelson explores how New Deal programs represented affirmative action for white Americans.
Summary of Disintegration: The Splintering of Black America Eugene Robinson effortlessly approaches the dismantle of a once collective Black (African-American) community in Disintegration: The Splintering of Black America. Robinson credits the constant fight for equality and advance of Blacks as the direct result of the splitting of the Black Community (2010, p.66). After that splitting four different groups of Black communities emerge: the Abandoned, Mainstream, Emergent, and Transcendent. The Abandoned group is composed of a large minority group, that society often portrays as the majority within Black America, which consist of Blacks that live within, as well as below the boundaries of poverty. The Mainstream group consist of the majority
In Chapter 1 and 2 of “Creating Black Americans,” author Nell Irvin Painter addresses an imperative issue in which African history and the lives of Africans are often dismissed (2) and continue to be perceived in a negative light (1). This book gives the author the chance to revive the history of Africa, being this a sacred place to provide readers with a “history of their own.” (Painter 4) The issue that Africans were depicted in a negative light impacted various artworks and educational settings in the 19th and early 20th century. For instance, in educational settings, many students were exposed to the Eurocentric Western learning which its depiction of Africa were not only biased, but racist as well.
Have race relations in the United States today improved since the 1930’s? Is it better, worse, or the same? Race relations have improved a lot since the 1930’s, but many people still think there is a long way to go until full equality is reached. Even though some people think that racial relations are bad, it seems that the majority think that they are good, and improving steadily. Even though people think that, it doesn’t mean they think that they are good in other countries.
One of Dr. Anderson’s key argument from the video and his book is integrating wasn’t a good thing for the black community. The intentions behind it were good but the results were not, in the video around the 12:00 minute mark he began to discuss how integration caused us to move backwards instead of forward because the black community was now using white business instead of continuing to support the black businesses already established. Another argument presented in his book is the lack of government support and resources is also hindering the black community. On page 22, Dr. Anderson wrote anti – black conservatism severed the relationship beginning to build between blacks and the government.
Systemic Racism in the United States Many individuals today have different point of views on how the United States of America became what it is today. For instance, point of views such as how society learned to function the way it does, the law and order in place, and ultimately, how circumstances have developed throughout history. Unfortunately, institutional/institutionalized racism, also known as systemic racism is also a concept that has settled and is grown to be quite predominant in the United States all through times past. Systemic racism continues to take place in settings such as banks, courts of law, government organizations, school systems, and the like.
In chapter 4, Consulting and Testifying it explain how psychologists are needed in the courtroom in order to consult or testify with lawyers to the judicial process. The series of American Story Crime episode 5: “The Race Card”, there were examples and concepts of the structure and process in criminal and civil court with the legal system. While reading chapter 4, I learned that there are four stages of the judicial process which are pretrial, trail, disposition and appeals. Before heading to the court, preparation was done to assists the attorney during the trial by preparing the witnesses and making decisions about particular trail stages. During the opening statement, it included a judge and the jury in the room to hear from both lawyers
A problem I would like to solve is the prevalent racial inequality in the United States today. African Americans and Hispanics are the most underserved racial groups in American society. About 45% of African Americans and 46% of Hispanics live in episodic poverty (defined as poverty lasting less than three years). Over 15% of African Americans are unemployed, and they make up 40% of the prison population in America. This is a shocking statistic, as only 13% of the United States ' population is African American.
There is a Racial Disparity in Advanced Courses In the case of Brown vs. Board of Education, the US Supreme Court ruled that it was not legal to keep public schools segregated by race. This was a significant success for minority students, but they still have a long way to go (“...Look…”). In 2015, the US Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights released data that included a statistic stating that 40% of the enrollment for schools that had gifted programs was Black and Latino students, but only 26% of those students were in the gifted programs (Hsieh). Gary Orfield wrote on a similar topic that “We have become a nation that accepts...unequal [classrooms]” (Orfield).
In the essay, “A Genealogy of Modern Racism”, the author Dr. Cornel West discusses racism in depth, while conveying why whites feel this sense of superiority. We learn through his discussion that whites have been forced to treat black harshly due to the knowledge that was given to them about the aesthetics of beauty and civility. This knowledge that was bestowed on the whites in the modern West, taught them that they were superior to all races tat did not emulate the norms of whites. According to Dr. West the very idea that blacks were even human beings is a concept that was a “relatively new discovery of the modern West”, and that equality of beauty, culture, and intellect in blacks remains problematic and controversial in intellectual circles
Conflict theory has been used to describe the discrepancies in power and distribution of resources among the dominate group and the subordinate groups. Racial inequalities and racism among the groups has played a big role in the concept of conflict theory. Conflict theory examines the rising conflict between the dominate group, or white ruling class, and racial minorities, such as African Americans. This conflict and inequality among the races may be a reason why 20.2 percent of African American males die by homicide. In fact, African Americans are six times as likely as whites to be killed by homicide.
Brittney Foster SOCY 423 UMUC 03/01/2018 Racial integration of schools Racial integration is a situation whereby people of all races come together to achieve a common goal and hence making a unified system. Racial integration of schools is well elaborated in the two articles by Pettigrew and Kirp. These two articles say that combination in the American schools since 1954 has unceremoniously ushered out the Brown versus Board of Education which was a decision made by the Supreme Court. The topic of discussion of these two articles hence is relevant to our course since it gives us the light of how racial desegregation and racial integration shaped America’s history.
Multiculturalism in the United States of America The view on multiculturalism has changed to the worse worldwide ever since ISIL got a foot onto the European and North-American soil. One of the best evidences on this statement happened in November 2016, when Mr. Donald Trump was elected as the president of the United States. It created massive disunities both in the states, but also around the globe. But is multiculturalism really that bad, or are we just using racism and closed borders to get control over our own fear?