It expanded the orchestra, providing the depth on timbre. Especially in the middle of the century, with the domination of the German influences, their own-country-styled-music was started to discover by composers of the other country from Germany. The investigation evaluates how this nationalistic movements was influenced musical elements of this period. I have chosen to investigate two Romantic pieces, L’Arlesienne by Bizet and Symphony No.2 by Tchaikovsky. The both music I chose is the music that I have played in orchestra by violin before.
The Romantic period music was more expressive and emotional, expanding to encompass literary, artistic, and philosophical themes. A famous early Romantic composer was Robert Schumann while a late 19th century romantic composer would be Johann Strauss. Robert Schumann was a German composer, born June 8, 1810 and died July 29, 1856. He was acknowledged as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann began studying law but then changed his study, to pursue a career as a pianist.
Introduction Johanne Brahms was a pianist/ composer who was born on May 7th, 1833, but passed away on April 1897. He was originally from Hamburg in Germany. He composed symphonies, chamber music, piano works, choral compositions and so on. He used sonata style in the second half of the 19th century, and inspired other major idol of classical music such as Mozart and Beethoven. Brahms was very into his romantic era in the 19th century and was the leading musician.
Graduate Recital Program Notes: Charles Tomlinson Griffes, Poem for Flute and Orchestra Charles Griffes (1884-1920) was the director of music at the Hackley School in Tarrytown, NY from 1907–1920. He studied piano at a young age, to continue his education he moved to Berlin, where he studied piano, composition, and counterpoint at the Stern Conservatory. Griffes’s early compositions were influenced to some degree by German Romanticism, especially German Lieder. He never reached atonality in his music-making, however, at the end of his career he adopted an abstract phase that many critics among them Paul Rosenfeld, and Nicolas Slonimsky acknowledged to be impressionist and orientalist. The Poem for Flute and Orchestra (1918) originally written for Georges Barrère demands high lyrical virtuosity from the performer.
There are many differences and similarities between the fourth movement of Beethven’s Fifth symphony and the fourth movement of Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique, whether it is the orchestrastion of the pieces, the dynamics, form and period. Ludwig van Beethoven is one of the most well known Classical composers in music history, born into a family of musicians and was seen by his father as a profitable prodigy and had several of his piano compositions published by the age of twelve. He was the first successful freelance composer and changed the way music was composed and performed as he composed pieces that defied the standard ways of composing during the Classical era by using an expanded form structure, larger orchestra, dramatic themes and replaced minuet and trio with scherzo and trio making the third movements of his symphonies faster than traditionally performed. He also treated instruments as individuals instead of grouping them together such as the bass instruments which originally formed the Basso continuo. Beethoven experimented with the ways an instrument could be played , creating new sounds, and would have large pitch ranges between instruments which aided in the expressiveness and drama of his pieces.
For instance, the poet David Humphreys (1752-1818) developed The Widow of Malabar (1790) from a French source. While Dwight and Barlow devoted their time to create a national epic, Royall Tyler (1756–1826) was busy trying to establish a national tradition of American drama (Ibid 40). He is most known for The Contrast, written in 1787. It was the “first comedy by someone born in America to receive a professional production” was praised as “proof that these new climes are particularly favorable to the cultivation of arts and sciences” (qtd. in Gray 40).
Zhang Zhou Yaodong Professor Greg Peterson Classical styles and romantic spirits 2 November 2016 Richard Strauss Violin Sonata Richard Strauss (1864-1949), was a leading German composer and conductor. His orchestral compositions and operas have made him one of the best known composers of the late Romantic and early modern eras. While Strauss did not pay much attention to his chamber music in his later life, in earlier years he tried to compose several different types of chamber works such as a string quartet, two piano trios, a piano quartet and several instrumental sonatas. Now I will introduce his last work of chamber music, the violin sonata. At the age of 23, Strauss composed
Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenbach, Germany on the 21st of March 1685. He was the last of eight children and came from a family of well known and highly talented musicians ("J. S. Bach: Baroque Composer."). His father, Johann Ambrosius Bach was a church organist and gave Bach violin lessons at a young age and taught him to sing in the church choir (Kamien, Roger.). When he was ten, in 1695, his parents died and Bach moved to Ohrdruf, Germany to live with one of his older brothers who was also a church organist. Bach’s brother was the first to teach Bach how to play keyboard instruments.
Although added by publishers, Chopin himself did not give his pieces titles because he didn’t like the idea. Rubato is a rhythmic technique used in much if his music, and is it usually up to the performer as to how they would like to play the piece. This use of rubato creates different feelings such as that of tension. Taking ideas from Italian opera, he often used ornaments in order to create variation in a repeated melodic line. As mentioned previously, Chopin composed several Nocturnes in his time, his romantic style of writing earning him the title: “poet of the piano”.
The latter was composed and recorded with vocals by Palbasha Siddiqui to accompany Internet celebrity Matt Harding’s 2008 viral video. In 1917 his words were translated adeptly and set to music by Anglo-Dutch composer Richard Hageman to produce a highly regarded art song: "Do Not Go, My Love". The second movement of Jonathan Harvay’s One Evening (1994) sets an excerpt beginning "As I was watching the sunrise ..." from a letter of Tagore's, this composer having previously chosen a text by the poet for his piece "Song Offerings"