Martha Nussbawm-Capability Theory

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Another concept that motivated Sen in this regard, relates to Isaiah Berlin 's classic essay Two Concepts of Liberty (Berlin, 1982), which mounts a fierce attack on the positive concepts of freedom . Sen also takes the trouble to compare and contrast the CA with some close rivals, which concentrate on entitlements, the priority of liberty, human rights and human capital (Sen, Development As Freedom, 1999) (Sen, Editorial: Human Capital and Human Capability, 1997) (Sen, Human Rights and Capabilities, 2005). Also there are even scholars who relate capability approach to causal powers. Capabilities, like causal powers in general, are not actualities—they are potentials that may or may not be exercised and/or actualised. And similarly to causal…show more content…
While some theoretical accounts are primarily concerned with operationalising the evaluative dimension of the Capability Approach, others focus on developing a capability based ‘Theory of Justice’ in the spirit of its concerns. This section provides the recent advances in the Capability Approach in the light of the above. • Martha Nussbawm- Capability Theory of justice: Nussbaum provided a partial theory of justice based on dignity, a list of fundamental capabilities, and a threshold. Nussbaum’s account is motivated by a concept of human dignity , which she links to flourishing in the Aristotelian Sense (Nussbaum M. , 1988). Nussbaum’s list of The Central Human Capabilities are -
1. Life- Not dying prematurely or living a life that is not worth living..
2. Bodily Health- Being able to have good health, including reproductive health; to be adequately nourished; to have adequate
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