He too was killed by the guillotine. Napoleon came into rule after Robespierre and ruled as emperor of France. Napoleon was a hero because he believed in better education for the people of France, he wanted to get rid of the tyrants of other countries to better the lives of people under their rule, and people had civil rights, which they didn’t have prior to his reign as emperor. Others argue that Napoleon was a tyrant because he
Also, Montesquieu’s idea of the separation of powers helped shape the government. It was put into place to keep one branch from becoming overpowered. Without these key concepts, our government would supposedly become or stay as an absolute monarch. In conclusion, The Enlightenment greatly impacted the American Government and Revolution because the ideas and concepts that were gained from the time period supported the new beginning of our nation’s prodigious
King James I of England believed that Kings have divine power and should be able to exercise it. (Document 2) It was thought that these Kings were sent down to rule by God himself. They were considered to be holy and should be treated like a god. (Document 5) This religious aspect to these absolute monarchs caused the people to have respect for their rulers. People thought “Fear God, Honor the King.” (Document 5) It meant that people should have faith in their Kings and fear the course that God has set for them.
The role that King Louis XIV plays in Tartuffe, although not a character himself, affects the whole outcome of the play. King Louis XIV was an absolute monarch and was responsible for restoring order in society. The age of reason, 1660-1805, was a time to restore order while finding humor in those who stray away from order. King Louis was responsible for ensuring the safety and order of the country, and we come to learn that his power spreads much further than suspected. By divine right and being an offstage presence, King Louis XIV has the ability to control and assist everyone, whether it is warranted or not.
The text shows that John Calvin believed in predestination and election. According to John Calvin predestination is a decree from God that is unchangeable that he made before the creation of the world that he would save some people freely which he called the elect which gave to them eternal life, and the others which he called the reprobate would not be given access to salvation they would have eternal death. His reasoning behind predestination is best described by him in a few different ways. For the most part he said that there was no basis for election outside of God he said that God gave election ” in himself” in that he based his beliefs of predestination on “nothing outside of himself”. John Calvin also believe that the main purpose of predestination is that God would be glorified in praise of the elect for his grace and mercy and in wonderful judgment of the reprobates.
From the 16th to 18th century, countries in Europe were experiencing new ideas and reforms. Philosophers like Locke believed in social equality. They have discussed the purpose of a government and spread their ideas. Locke’s ideas led to the revolution in France, who didn’t have rights under absolute monarch’s control. After the French gained their rights, people in Haiti started to fight because they wanted to have the same rights that French gained during the reform.
The branched cannot pass any law that is unconstitutional or against the people. Petition of Right is when they King become answerable to others and not just God. The King said they were only answerable to God. The divine right of the Kings was a very unpopular thing among the people because the King couldn't be wrong, but they didn't want to disobey the King or God. Article 1; Section 9 is an example of the many ways the Constitution limits our government.
People elected other people that they trusted to go represent them in government. Ideas that were formed by the enlightenment philosophers were used in the new government. The French, however, did not make significant progress toward ending absolutism and instead were subject to another absolute ruler immediately after the revolution. After the French revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte became emperor. In this role, Bonaparte had absolute power over France.
This was important because it created a peaceful living and order, but also the people still had the right to overthrow their government if they felt they were not representing the people anymore and abusing power(Locke 1690). The Mayflower Compact and John Locke’s ideas helped our founders shape the U.S to create a better future, and set forth a foundation in which future principles could branch from. The Mayflower Compact was written by loyal, religious colonists that had just landed in America, it was their first attempt at establishing a document that would tell the people their rights, and who would be their leader (Nobles 1215). In the Mayflower Contract, it states they still
In Antigone by Sophocles, the purpose of Creon’s speech is to explain his new leadership. First, Creon wants to gain the loyalty from the citizens of Thebes. A great king would first need the trust of his state in order to rule effectively. Especially, Creon would need trust from his state after the tragic events that happened beforehand, which was Polyneices and Eteocles dying. He state this fact in his speech: “I am aware, of course, that no ruler can expect complete loyalty from his subjects until he has been tested in office.” Creon is guaranteeing that he can be trusted and how devoted he was to gaining their trust.
This proved his worthiness to being ruler by justifying his abilities to provide for and protect his empire. Since the Romans did not like that title of king, “he received the title Augustus by decree of the senate.” During his reign, Caesar accomplish countless things, which is why he is still talked highly about to this day. He repaired the conduits of aqueducts, dozens of temples, and completed the Julian forum and the basilica. He did these things because, like Qin, he loved and truly cared about his empire and wanted to see it flourish and restored; not broken and destroyed. His political authority grew stronger as the years went on therefore, he “attained supreme power by universal consent.” He did this by gaining the peoples respect.
The original political parties in America differed on their views of allying with the British or the French. The Federalists wanted to ally the British monarchy, yet the Democratic-Republicans wanted to ally with the French. The Federalist party aspired to ally with Great Britain for because of its extreme stability. The Democratic-Republicans hoped for an ally with France because of the party’s previous positive relations and their support of the French Revolution. The Federalist party believed the strongest ally for our emerging country was the world power that was Great Britain.
Keeping along, Paine brings up the issue of monarchy. The English have a king that is hereditary (born into it) but may not be wise enough to be one and might cause many conflicts such as wars to the country. It is taking away the chance of someone who is very wise and cares for the people to take care of everyone. He further argues, if God chose the king to rule then why do the people have to be constantly checking up on the king if he should be trusted since God appointed him after all? Since the people of this time were fairly religious this is one of the central arguments.
I founded the Bank of England to fund my war against King Louis XIV BELIEFS ON GOVERNMENT: The most ideal government is one in which there are two rulers, This allows for more thought to go into any decision done by the government. A rulers job is to unite the government, politically. A good ruler must have military and administrative experience. I had experience to rule England, as I was the Prince of Orange, and I was a military commander in the United Provinces. Sovereignty is achieved through creating strong alliances with powerful countries.