This compromise helped give each state equal say in the government. As John Samples said to the Cato Institute in In Defense of the Electoral College, “ … the Electoral College makes sure that the states count in presidential elections… an important part of our federalist system - a system worth preserving… federalism is central to our grand constitutional effort to restrain power.” (Doc C). Since this nation is founded on federalism (the sharing of power between national and state governments), it only makes sense that each individual state would want equal say in the nation’s government. Samples knew that to keep the government running smoothly, each state needed equal representation in the government, thus the Electoral College. Along with keeping balance between the states, the Electoral College also helps keep independent parties under
The declaration of Independence is where Americans declared their rights. Thomas Jefferson, the man who wrote the Declaration of Independence was greatly influenced by the philosopher John Locke. Locke believed that humans had natural rights, that power comes from the people and all men are equal, and these beliefs can be found in Jefferson’s writings. American’s believe they have certain rights that can’t be taken away from them. The
However, this society rests upon the existence of the law, judge and executive power. The majority of a society are given the privilege of choosing the form of government that they desire to live under. And not only does it choose the government, but it is given the ability to change the government whenever it chooses. Legislative power, Locke states, is the most important factor in the government of a civil society, and is what technically determines what type of government is in place. Legislative power operates under rules: it must preserve society, it can never be challenged (except by the majority), all laws put forth by the power must be followed by society.
The Declaration of Independence states, “--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed…”. In the article Why Government, it states, “But Locke also believed that governments should protect people’s natural rights.” Both of these quotes show that the purpose for creating government, is so that the protection of the natural rights of the people is ensured. Also, the idea that these fair powers are just what Men (human beings) are receiving and what they should receive from the creation of governments. Both of these quotes combine with each other, because of the pinpointed idea of how the government was created in order to benefit to the natural rights of the people, and to protect these
As a nation you have to comply with the traditions and interests that will better the nation, you have to adhere to the laws with respect to the people, you have to balance political interests between both the commoners and the nobility, and you have to have a mixed government where all castes of people have a say in political affairs. He also states in the letter that ,“by the principles of the Revolution, the people of England have acquired three fundamental rights, all which, with him, compose one system and lie together in one short sentence, namely, that we have acquired a right: to choose our own governors, to cashier them for misconduct and to frame a government for ourselves.” This is different that the basis of government that was established in France at the time. In England people had three main rights that could not be taken away, unlike the French. These three major principles led to his theoretical framework with which the whole structure of the letter was based on. There are many historical events other than the French Revolution that play a role in Burke’s response, including America’s independence and becoming a nation, the trade restrictions and conflicts of people’s civil rights in both America and Ireland.
In the discussion on the methods of governing and administration of a state, one cannot leave out the models proposed by Confucius as well as Mencius. Both advocated that the ruler or the government has to rule by virtue and strengthen moral education among its people. Political leaders have to set moral examples for the people to follow, and to be benevolent towards their subordinates and citizens. By doing so, that would bring about social stability and population growth within the state, also creating conditions that would lead to an improvement in the welfare of the people. By fulfilling his duties to the people, a just and benevolent ruler would then be justified to rule by the Mandate of Heaven.
Both King Louis XIV’s Versailles and John Locke’s Second Treatise on Government are imbued with ideas that are substantiated by divine providence in one form or another. In Versailles, this idea is that of the King’s divine reign which validates Louis XIV’s kingship. Locke, on the other hand, suggests all men are born inherently equal into God’s state of nature and have a right to liberty. While both Locke and Louis XIV substantiate their arguments through divine authority, their claims as to what God ordains is markedly different; Locke is claiming that all people must adhere to the law of nature but can chose to consent to government—thus discrediting the divine right of kings which is exactly what Louis XIV tries to convince his subjects of
While this is more of a forced ruling to make everyone abide by the same rules, it will perform its duty all the same. Furthermore, it is contributing to the belief that people cannot function alone in society. It stands to show that there needs to be a determination from a higher source to outline their involvement in the societal structure. This means, but isn’t limited to, laws that all must follow. With Jefferson, his theory follows this in a parallel fashion, in the reason that his idea doesn’t cross with hobbes, but they share the same direction.
John Locke wrote that the purpose of electing legislative powers was to create laws and rules that protected the “properties of all the members of society,” a natural right of mankind (5). Enlightened thought presented by Locke outlined the formation for a new government that served the people of the nation, restoring their rights and liberties, rather than just the
To arrive at a fair decision, the citizens and their governing body would have to work in conjunction. In a sense, this means electing laws through majority rules, but while still maintaining minority rights. This essentially comes down to respecting the rights of all citizens, no matter the person’s view on polygamy. This idea is described through Mill’s harm