Summary Of Morality And The Liberal Ideal

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Introduction In the article “Morality and the Liberal Ideal,” Michael Sandel argues that liberalism is on an unstable foundation that seems fragile with a morally unclear basis and wants to offer some possible options in order to make the foundation stronger. Sandel brings about the claims of relativism, utilitarianism, Kantianism, which ultimately he argues are problematic as well. Furthermore, Sandel offers what he believes to be the best foundation; communitarianism and shows this to be an alternative to the problem at hand. Sandel strongest point for refuting the foundation of utilitarianism is the evidence he provides showing that the principle of utilitarianism is strongly focused on the welfare of the masses. He provides arguments and conclusions regarding utilitarianism that fails to respect the inherent dignity of the individuals. The framework of this point of view is strongly flawed because Sandel does not take into account that while it might seem contradicting to choose the vote…show more content…
Utilitarianism is introduced on the basis that with these principles we can maximize the general welfare and that in doing so the state should not try to impose a general objectively preferred way of life because it will ultimately reduce overall happiness within a society. Individuals are to be responsible for their own choices whether good or bad, thus leading to freedom and the pursuit of one’s own good. Sandel continues to represent this argument on the basis that it chooses to position itself on the greatest good for the greatest number and thus introduces some of Mill’s suggestions on this perfectionist perspective of happiness. Sandel chooses to use Mill’s argument that in order to introduce the concept that the pursuit of freedom is acceptable so long as other individuals are not deprived of their right to pursue freedom in the

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