New Spirits: Americans in the Gilded Age, 1865-1905 written by Rebecca Edwards provides readers with many different individual accounts to illustrate the transformative time of America during the Gilded Age. The work shows the cultural, social, political and economical elements of the age that aided in forming the America we have today. Edwards’s purpose in writing New Spirits is to offer readers new insights on the era by eliminating predetermined stereotypes one may have established before reading the work. Edwards wants readers to put aside their prior knowledge to understand just what it was like to live in the Gilded Age by providing readers with the consequences and achievements of people during the time. New Spirits makes an effort …show more content…
Edwards voices the drastic growth in production and new inventions in the North, but points out the South’s struggle with keeping up with the drastic growth. It is clear Edwards wanted reader to fully understand that the South was struggling greatly after the war and because of it the North led the Industrial Revolution. Edwards focuses around the following question: What does the South do to reestablish itself and become economically stable again after facing an overwhelming loss agriculturally? Edwards use of evidence to back up her argument of the South’s struggles after the war and the lack of reconstruction make it a reliable statement. Her evidence includes groups such as Ku Klux Klan and the Republican corruption to be main evidence to why the South was behind the rest of the nation. Edwards argues that the Civil War brought political upheavals that led to new political parties to …show more content…
Overall, Edwards presents a numerous amount of information and personal accounts that readers may not be able to find in other works. With all the great information Edwards shares, it seems she may have taken on too much. With such a big era, sometimes readers may find it difficult to processes the vast amount of information; Edwards can only cover a certain amount of information in the 256 pages of New Spirits. The work at times can be too compacted. There were times where Edwards could have omitted sections, especially in the first chapter because of the length in comparison to other chapters. Edwards did a remarkable job provided fluid information from start to finish and the work was interesting. One factual error or lack of information that can be noticed in the book revolves around education. Edwards claims “ By 1900, however, 80 percent of children between ages ten and fourteen-over 6.4 million-attended school.” The context of the quote does not pinpoint a specific population being described. Is Edwards discussing a specific state or is she talking about the United States as a whole? The lack of contextual information leaves readers questioning the accuracy of the statistic. Readers may also notice the lack of footnotes through out the work. Although Edwards is a very reputable scholar, a bigger library of footnotes would make New Spirits even more reputable.
Johnson County, nestled between the Arkansas River and the foothills of the Ozark Mountains in Northwest Arkansas, is a quiet and sparsely populated region known largely for its scenic vistas and peaches. However, the county has a history of violence and hardship. Clarksville, the county seat of Johnson County, is a sleepy and peaceful city, best known for the annual Peach Festival. But, in the 1870s the city was known nationally as “Bloody Clarksville” because of the numerous outlaws, gunfights, and hangings.
This election ultimately led to the secession of the southern states because of state versus federal rights. The South did not want to remain in a Union in which they had no control. They feared that Abraham Lincoln, a anti-slavery advocate, would order all states Free. All of the aforementioned reasoning reiterated the differences between the two parties. Money and power ultimately drove Americans to war because each felt their way of life and survival was “the way.”
For at least two generations after the American Civil War the South remained predominantly agricultural and largely outside the industrial expansion of the national economy. One exception was the development of the iron and steel industry among the southern states. After the Civil War, many Union soldiers returned to The South. Why? The South had a promising future for the Northern “Carpetbaggers”.
During the end of The Gilded Age, technology and innovation, expanded, and the United States were thought of as becoming a growing empire. With this growing empire came a lot of changes, trends and differences in opinions. Theodore Roosevelt, Ida M. Tarbell, and Upton Sinclair, sat down to discuss the continuing problems that started with the Gilded Age. Theodore Roosevelt was an astounding opinion leader and was someone people considered to be the prominent head of the Progressive Era.
Throughout the history of the United States, there have been several unique periods that have encouraged free-expression and experimentation. The Harlem Renaissance was one of the most influential periods in American history that contributed immensely to the rise of the “New Negro”, the renowned phrase coined by Howard University philosophy professor Alain Locke in his 1925 book “The New Negro”. In his book, Locke captured a significant central theme of the Harlem period: “We are witnessing the resurgence of a people. Negro life is not only establishing new contacts and founding new centers, it is finding a new soul. There is a fresh spiritual and cultural focusing.
James M. McPherson’s book, “Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution,” is a truly informative and exciting book, which explores this simple, yet difficult question. Through his own documented lectures and published papers, the author defends the idea that the Civil War was indeed a second revolution by exploring various definitions of the word “revolution” and investigating data related to the wages of African-Americans, employment, property ownership, education, etc., in antebellum and postwar America. McPherson describes how the Civil War changed over time, and how Abraham Lincoln changed with the war. He also suggested that Lincoln could be viewed as a “conservative revolutionary,” and proposed that there were three main ways in which Lincoln as
American history is one that includes many races, ethnicities, and nationalities, along with peoples of various occupations and statuses in society. Much of history has been written by the wealthy elite, and the 20th century, by the upper middle classes. As such, it has been dominated by elite WASPs who often ignore and/or display hatred for the plight of the poor and immigrants. The Gilded Age, also known as “The Age of Industry” is the second Industrial Revolution that was responsible for the rise of industrialization, industrial labor, immigration and urbanization.
After the Civil War, the north had the most trouble recovering out of each region. Out of each region, the north struggled the most with the economy. While the northern cities began to evolve, the northern Industrialists built factories in the north because the north was willing to work for less pay (Ayotte). But because of taxes and sharecropping, farmers were being put into a continuous cycle of debt because they weren’t earning the money that they were working for (Ayotte). When one of the main railroad companies shut down, people went into an economic panic because they had invested so much money into them.
The decade between 1890 and 1900 expressed a crucial time in the United States of America’s history. Many people experienced struggles throughout this time while others prospered. Mark Twain suggested that despite the significant achievements of the United States, Americans experienced poverty. This statement is an accurate description of the lively hood people experienced in their daily lives during the Gilded Age whether it was positive or negative. Many people during this time period focused on the positive outcomes that resulted from the Gilded Age such as new inventions, the gospel of wealth, additions of land to the country, urbanization, and middle-class improvements.
The New Negro Renaissance, more formally known as the Harlem Renaissance, earning it’s name from the 1925 anthology by Alain Locke, had many effects on many people, but it can be best described as a revolution, a cultural uprising where the high level of Black poetry, production and art demanded, and, in turn, received the mainstream appreciation and accolade which it rightly deserved. It is described as the most important and so discussed period in African American literacy, and indeed twentieth century literacy as a whole. Black poets felt segregating in their writing, and forced into the inforced, repressive form of the western white poets of the time. With their writing founded upon tribal, native songs full of pride and passion, the migration to a set form imposed upon them left a stale taste, a further example of how black people were repressed, not allowed to
Uncompromising differences between the South (Confederacy) and the North (Union) created a civil war that lasted five years. During this war, Abraham Lincoln was president. His election led to the secession of many Southern states. After refusing to recognize the Confederacy as its own nation, the American Civil War commenced in 1861. The three main causes of the Civil War between the North and the South were industrial and agricultural economies, politics, and slavery.
Jessica HillisMr. GillardAP US History5 January 2007Essay 16: Gilded AgeThroughout history, certain periods of time have been given certain names based on thehappenings that occurred. Many have called the period of 1865 to 1901 the “Gilded Age”, be-cause it was “shiny and pretty” on the outside but it was “rough and ugly” underneath. The term“Gilded Age” was actually coined by Mark Twain who satired the Gilded Age with a GoldenAge.
“Much of the blame heaped on the captains of industry in the late 19th century is unwarranted.” (Document F). The Gilded Age was a time where the U.S. economy grew very quickly and rapidly, due to the inventive minds and entrepreneurs of that time; but it has different perspectives of opinions in history today. This era led the U.S. to its state and place in the present world, thanks to its important contributors, (who are involved in the main debate of whether they were robber barons, unethical men who yearn for money, or captains of industry, leaders who add positive ideas and methods to benefit their country.) The industrial leaders of the Gilded Age are captains of industry, worthy of some gratitude and credit for how our society’s structure
The Gilded Age lasted from 1870 to World War 1, “1900s.” The Gilded Age was a period of fast economic development, but also much social struggle. Mark Twain in the late nineteenth century founded the “Gilded” Age, which means covered with gold on the outside, but not really golden on the inside, for example, tin. This period of time was glittering on the surface but corrupt underneath. In other words, the outside looked beautiful, but the inside looked old and trashy.
The Harlem Renaissance was a period of African American literary, intellectual, and artistic expansion which took place from the mid-1910s to the mid-1930s. During this period, African Americans sought to reform the concept of “the Negro” and instill blacks with pride of their race and heritage. Although the Harlem Renaissance did not only take place in the Harlem district of New York City, it was coined as the capital of the cultural reformation because the renaissance began in Harlem. The Harlem Renaissance occurred after the Great Migration, which began around 1910. The Great Migration refers to the large-scale migration of African Americans from the South to the North in order to escape oppression and to find better job opportunities.