“It’s the view that the only kind of ‘obligation’ there could possibly be is the kind that is disciplined by promise of reward or threat of punishment,” Antony claims. She believes that a Christians’ motivation comes from fear of punishment. Unfortunately, She dismisses the fact that motivation to do good out of fear of judgment may have value. For example, history teaches us that individuals who committed heinous crimes (Hitler, Stalin, Mao Zedong) have rejected the idea that their actions may produce judgment. Furthermore, besides fear of punishment, Christians have a higher motivation.
My purpose in this essay is to explain and analyze the Divine Command Theory. Divine Command Theory states that morality is ultimately based on the commands of God. I disagree with this theory because how do we know what concepts of God are true and what other concepts are false? There are so many religions making their own claims and interpretations that they believe are true. Therefore, how do we know then what God approves or disapproves of?
—God is that than which nothing greater can be conceived. —That which can be conceived not to exist is not God." One can see why God can be considered to seem inconceivable, but some may agree if one knows God that God is conceivable. In suggestion, Sin is one reason God sent Jesus to live on this earth, so we can see with our own eyes that there is a God, but at the same time, there will be those who still choose not to believe in God's existence. The weakness of Anselm argument is, he says he believes in God and seeks God at the same time Anselm thinks that it is hard to seek God when he cannot see God.
The second word in the statement ‘us’, proves 2 separate beings… not one. The statement itself; to make man in God’s image, if there were three entities that made this omnipotent creator who he was, wouldn’t man be made up the same? No humans of any religious domination claim themselves to be a trinity! The strongest argument against the dogmatic doctrine of the trinity comes from the Gospel according to Matthew, 3rd chapter verses 15 through 17, when Jesus was baptized. The Gospel clearly states when Jesus was baptized, the heavens were opened, the Holy Spirit descended in the form of a dove upon Jesus, and the voice of God came from the sky claiming “This is my ‘son’, the beloved, with whom I am well pleased”.
Also, God created humans so is he counted somewhat guilty of the evil in the world because his creations cause it? In conclusion, Richard Swinburne argues that God and evil can exist at the same time with the Free Will Theodicy. He believes that God is not the cause of evil, but humans and their free will to make choices. But I thought it would be interesting to ask where natural evil came from because according to Paley’s “Argument from Design” organic life probably has a designer, so it makes me curious to know if it does have one and of so,
PH2211 In this essay, I will first break down Anselm’s ontological argument with a powerful criticism, and then defend Anselm’s position. Following that, I will analyze both positions critically and provide my own stand regarding Anselm’s argument. The problem with Anselm’s ontological argument provided by Rowe in his book is the problem of definition. Gaunilo noticed that the definition of God as “a being than which none greater is possible” is infallible, in the sense that, the definition itself would force God into existence whether or not it is true. In order to show how this works, Gaunilo proposed a perfect island where it is “an island than which no greater island is possible”.
In The God Delusion, Richard Dawkins emphasizes on four theses that roughly entail his argument. Science is evidence based whilst faith is blind, If God created everything, who created Him, morality does not depend on a creator, and the Christian religion is perilous to society. His writing forces the reader to ponder the validity of religion. Dawkins adamantly states that religion can either be fully true or false. If proven false, it is the duty the intellectually conscience to refute.
If you recall the story, • Jehoshaphat was facing a great multitude • Jehoshaphat declared a fast • God answered – 1 Chronicles 20:17 (you will not need to fight) • Sing to the Lord and praised him - 1 Chronicles 20:21 • The Lord sets an ambush – 1 Chronicles 20:22 What we believe about God, is vitally important in putting our complete faith & trust in Him as our refuge. A.W. Tozer puts it this way, “What comes to ours minds when we think about God is the most important thing about us.” If we do not believe God can be and is our refuge, then we are putting our trust in earthly securities, and thus putting limits on God. It may be that our faith in God is not what it should be. So right out the gate, I have a challenge for all of us, me included… What is your refuge?
Voltaire suggests that a true and honest religious practitioner would overlook religion in a time of need. However the Protestant Minister’s behavior does not match the ideology behind Christian morality. This can be seen through the Protestant Minister’s statement, “...do you believe the pope to be Antichrist...be gone, rogue; begone, wretch; do not come near me again”(21). Instead of coming to the aid of Candide, the Protestant Minister evaluates Candide’s religious status before deciding if he will help Candide or not. If he were to be a “true” Christian, then Candide’s religious beliefs would
Furthermore, Emerson misuses this as “proof” of why the soul is all-powerful and should be worshipped. However, Christians know this to be false and in direct opposition to the Bible, which teaches that salvation through Christ’s sacrifice on the cross determines the soul’s outcome after