The Second Industrial Revolution presented many hardships to immigrants looking for a better life in America. In his book, The Uprooted, Oscar Handlin makes the case for immigrants enduring the hardships adjusting to the American culture and economy. His argument is supported by specific statistics and events that damaged these people. These newcomers’ ideas, beliefs, and cultures were affected as well. Immigrants faced with American culture and commerce had to adjust their own in order to survive.
The U.S changed during the 1880’s because of many immigrants coming from North Western Europe. Many of them weren 't poor. Stuff that made them want to leave their homes in Europe were, religions, natural disasters, famine, tyrants, and discrimination. People wanted to come to the U.S because of religious freedom, democracy, free land, jobs, family, and affordable transportation. The Chinese were encouraged to come to U.S to build railroads in 1860’s, in 1882 The Chinese Exclusion Act was made and so was the Immigration act, which was tax on immigration, they denied people who looked like lunatics and looked like they needed government.
The video introduces the idea of “in between people. These in between people were of European Decent and could be transformed into Americans by Americanizing them into the White American. They would be apart of a term known as the “melting pot”. A melting of all European Descent to mold them into Americans. Italians, Germans and other European could be apart of the American way of life by being taught the language and customs.
During the late 1800s and early 1900s, the United States gained many new citizens – immigrants from other countries in search of the American Dream. However, the immigrants’ path to the American Dream was hindered by the prejudice they faced from native-born Americans. This prejudice, also known as nativism, depended on stereotypes that portrayed the immigrants as subservient and justified discriminatory actions. The “otherness” of the immigrants was further confirmed with Social Darwinism, a twisted extension of survival of the fittest that asserted failure as natural selection. Since many immigrants had a difficult time finding success due to cultural barriers and the already prevalent nativism, Social Darwinism allowed prejudice towards
The article “The making of a Mexican American Dream” mentions that Americans have this notions that immigrants ultimately need to assimilate in order to fit the mold of the “American dream”. Sarah Menkedick, the author of this article, cites Milton Gordon ’s book, Assimilation in American life: The Role of Race, Religion and National Origins, to offer an example of this idea and how immigrants are expected to adapt to the American way of life. Mekedick states, “according to Gordon, assimilation depended first upon acculturation: the immigrant group’s willingness and ability to learn English, and to adopt white, Protestant, Anglo-Saxon, middle-class customs, after which point its members would ultimately identify with and marry into the dominant
Within Ellis Island by Joseph Bruchac, On Being Brought from Africa to America by Phillis Wheatley, and Europe and America by David Ignatow there are different views of what the American Dream is and what it means to immigrants. Each author writes about their own experience of immigration and life in America, which shapes their view of the American dream. The common theme between the three poems is the variable nature of the American dream and how it has different meanings for each person coinciding with contradictions between leisure and suffering.
Throughout the history of the United States, the topic of immigration garnered numerous opinions regarding this matter and has turned into a national debate. Although there are differing perspectives regarding immigration, America has been known as a nation of immigrants. In spite of the fact that the United States is known as a nation of immigrants, it has a history of intolerance towards immigrants. Immigration is a type of migration that involves the act of moving from one country from another.
While reading this book I have encountered the differences that I have ignored most of my life. Considering that as per my knowledge they were all immigrants. While the author states how the differences are present when it comes to how many different immigrants exist. Knowing this information makes it so much clearer on how much this affects our society as a whole. Many people think that immigrants are only adults.
Over the course of history, the way America perceives immigration has changed significantly. The immigration of non-white peoples during the late 1800s became a significant part of American history. People came from various parts of the world came to find better jobs to support their family. The cartoon “Uncle Sam’s Thanksgiving Dinner”, originally by Thomas Nast in 1869 and later parodied by G.F. Keller in 1877, depicts a meal shared between the different races of America. Both cartoons utilize symbolism to convey very opposing perspectives regarding immigration during the late 1800s.
One key question is whether minority groups in America should merge into the majority culture or remain their individual identity. The answer to this question is controversial. Generally, White Americans support for assimilation. Others, especially Africa Americans prefer to pluralism, on the other hand. From my point of view, I powerfully advocate that members of minority groups had better maintain their distinct identity, rather than assimilate into common culture.