In the Brave New World sexual conditioning is a main element. Through out the book there are many incidents were sex is a subject. In the "Other Place" sex is a used as a way to pass time and to relieve themselves of tension. Multiple sexual partners are a very common occurrence and being monogamous is frowned upon. However, sex is sacred and a private manner within the Reservation. The read can see that John is conflicted with his feelings for Lenina while she lies in bed due to the fact that he desires to touch and or have sex with her but denies himself such pleasure because of his upbringing." Detestable thought! He was ashamed of himself. Pure and vestal modesty" (Line 11-12) Where as, Lenina would consent to such actions because sexual
Abstinence is not an effective method of birth control. According to a study from Advocates for Youth, 95% of Americans have had premarital sex and teens who pledged to wait until marriage and 60% broke their promise after six years. In addition, the study also found that people who pledged virginity were more likely to engage in oral or anal sex than non-pledging virgin teens and less likely to use condoms once they become sexually active. Also, people who pledged were much less likely than non-pledgers to use contraception the first time they had sex and were less likely to know their STI status. Abstinence only education provides a false sense of security the first time people are having sex. They may think that they are safe when having sex for the first time not using contraception, but they are not. For example, condoms are effective 98% of the time. If students are led to believe that they are less effective, they won’t use protection during the first time they engage in sexual activity, leading to a higher risk of contracting an STD or becoming pregnant.
2. An academically and socially struggling 11-year-old female student, Irina, comes to speak with the school counselor, Mrs. Moon, about her increasing awareness of herself as lesbian. Irina’s parents are conservative Catholics and the culture of the school community is likewise politically conservative. She would like to meet in a group with other gay and lesbian students in the school. As a result of the school’s emphasis on the Common Core, group counseling has been eliminated this year. Using an ethical decision-making model, identify what ethical issues exist in this case that a school counselor needs to consider including how to respond to Irina’s request?
The article is based on how social construction theory is based on the idea of “natural,” rather than based on invariant result of the body, biology, or innate sex drive. Whiles essentialism in the study of sexuality as believe that a human behavior is “natural,” that is predetermined by genetic, biology, or physiological mechanism that doesn’t change. The perspective of moving away from essentialist framework that challenged the “natural” status, suggesting that human’s gender and sexuality is called into question.
C.J. Pascoe, in her book Dude, You’re a Fag, argues that heterosexuality and dominant masculinity are inextricably linked. In order for boys to assert their masculinity, they must comply with the social processes that Pascoe calls “compulsive heterosexuality.” Compulsive heterosexuality builds on the concept of compulsory heterosexuality, a theory coined by researcher Adrienne Rich which refers to heterosexuality as political institution that enforces heterosexuality on women as a means of ensuring male dominance through “physical, economic, and emotional access” (86), and constructs alternative sexualities as “the other.” Compulsive heterosexuality encompases a myriad of sexualilzed gender performances and rituals, not merely to affirm one’s
This involves reviewing the high school’s gender and sexuality curriculum. Some policies included segregated colours for graduation robes based on biological gender and abstinence. How teachers and administrators act in regards to sexuality follows. A prominent example is when a teacher organized groups of students to create their own political parties for a class exercise. One group of students headed a party based on sex education. This culminated in condom distribution, in which the presiding teacher demanded all condoms back – but specifically from boys in the class. This reaction reinforces a masculinization of sex. “The condom, as a cultural object, also illustrated the importance of heterosexual activity to masculine identities. While the girls tittered and laughed, it was the boys in the class for whom the link with sexual activity was important.” (35) Pascoe uses this example, and others to explore how official high school representatives’ reactions to sex and sexuality reinforce a masculine
In Shaw and Lee (2015), social scripts provide the guideline for sexual behavior and feelings (p.314) and have the notion of compulsory heterosexuality (p.316). Thus, if you do not follow these social scripts, you are criticized and deemed inferior. Valenti (2009) describes how the cult of virginity tells girls that they must abstain from sex till marriage or they are “damaged goods” (p.334) for being sexually transgressive. Additionally, if you are not cisgender heterosexual you are discriminated against, will possibly be kicked out of your home by your parents, and in some cases not allowed to marry under law (those that are polyamorous, etc.)
Cooper, A. (n.d.) Changing gay male identities. New York City, NY: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group. This book presented the changes in sexual identity. It showed the relationship of these sexual identity changes with traditional society and modern culture. In today’s world, where technology grows with a fast pace, humans are ready to do everything what will satisfy their mental needs and physical ideals. This book talked about the role of religion in today’s world, conflicts in society, emotions and social movements and sociology and grace. This book is very useful in context of understanding and accepting changes in sexual identity, what is very often in Western Europe and North America. Also, Cooper explained how these changes are rarely accepted in Eastern Europe and Asia.
Adolescence can be a hazardous and perplexing time and for teens, girls especially, and they do not deserve to have their authority figures teach them that their bodies and their natural human desires are things that are shameful. No adult should teach a child that they should cover or hide their bodies in disgrace. For preteens and young adults, living in one 's own skin is already hard enough, the added disrespect is not at all necessary or helpful. Abstinence only curriculums often promote sexism and can leave young people, especially girls, with the impressions that doing something that is very natural somehow degrades them, lessens their worth, or makes them dirty. This is detrimental to not only the way women view themselves but also to the way that men perceive female sexuality. Materials often shown in Abstinence Only classrooms compare women who are not
“Double Consciences and the Veil” by W.E.B Du Bois, is about the prejudice against African Americans in the 1900s and the struggle for freedom. He explains the inner struggles of African Americans felt to fit in a white dominance culture. African Americans struggle to identify as a black man and an American citizen. A theoretical veil hides the stuggle African Americans go threw. Double consciousness is when a person idenify with two groups but can’t idenify with either one.His theory relates today on how person sexually identify. Its also intersects with Marx’s theory of Alienation.
This example illustrates how the conflicting function of schools can affect how school administrators can take action in support of the assimilation narrative. This scene occurs after the other educators bring up the idea that Orlando’s experimentation with his gender identity, by dressing in dresses and wearing makeup, could affect the mental health of the other boys. As a space of “learning,” Orlando has the right to experiment with his gender identity in school in order to learn about himself, even though he is experimenting with an identity that contradicts with established gender norms. As the quote above states, the principal cannot enforcing changes that restrict Orlando’s right to experiment and learn about himself, for fear of getting
For Goodness Sex, by Al Vernacchio, is a welcome relief from the two previous books; Girls & Sex and Man Interrupted, as the focus is about sexuality as a whole; gender, sexual orientation, etc., rather than on the culture of females and males. In a chapter titled “Gender Myths,” Vernacchio (2014) asks the question, “male and female, is that all there is” (Vernacchio, A., p. 112, 2014)? In teaching his class on Sexuality and Society, Vernacchio asks these questions and questions similar, demonstrating that he takes into consideration that there are feelings at stake and keeps in mind the human aspect of sex and sexuality as he is intentionally behind challenging students to foresee and develop their sense of values about sex, instead of constantly being “in the moment.”
Freudian/Psychoanalytic theory, Marxist theory, LGBT/Queer theory and Feminist theory. These social constructionist theories of sexuality offer an alternative to the idea that sexuality was pure science. These theories believed that sexuality was formed rather than innate. These theories believed that, “Social factors determine which desires are sexual and which serve as identities, which identities and desires are acceptable, and what forms of sexual intimacy are appropriate,” (Spurgas Lecture 08-27-15.)
At most it suggests distal inﬂuence by males, with the proximal inﬂuences on speciﬁc women’s and girls’ sexuality being female.
In one classroom, each of the walls are covered with cheetah and zebra stripes, and a poster hangs on the wall saying “Act Pretty at all Times.” In the classroom next door, the walls are covered with photos of race cars, football players, and sports teams, and a poster behind the teacher’s desk says “Coaches Corner.” During 2006, Margaret Spelling, Education Secretary, gradually allowed the idea of single sex education, a form of education in which boys and girls are separated by gender based upon the differences of how they learn and behave. Since then, more and more school districts around the world have been open to the idea of single sex education and have begun converting to single sex schools and classes. People in favor of this form of education claim that teachers are able to use teaching techniques suited to the gender they teach and teachers are able to educate their gender in an individual way to expand the students success. People also claim that the occurrence of the opposite gender makes educating students more challenging and students of the same gender are able to gain self esteem and pride in the single gender environment. However, single sex education has been a point of contention for many people across the world. Single sex schools and classes have been an issue, as they are built upon promoting stereotypes based on the behavior of boys and girls and the way they learn. Organizations such as the American Civil Liberties Union have opposed this form of