‘Plath perceives the domestic life as restrictive and a complete obliteration of her own self-worth’. Using ideas of feminist theory from the critical anthology to inform your argument, to what extent do you agree with this view? As a female poet subject to 1960’s patriarchy, Plath’s domestic and professional claustrophobia were inevitable. Married to the successful poet, Ted Hughes, she was incessantly reminded of the artistic restraints assigned to equally talented females. Plath’s poetry, looking particularly at her ‘Collected Poems’, illustrates the consequential disorientation and loss of identity caused by such patriarchal dominance, demonstrating sentiments of disgust as she is forced to adopt certain gender stereotypes in ‘Morning Song’ (1961).
Abstract The paper, titled Female Resistance against Repression throws light on the significance of the institution of marriage and familial love as portrayed in Shobha De’s sensational novel Strange Obsession. It also underscores that women, must be discrete to distinguish between the real and deceptive, fake and genuine, deleterious and healthy. She also exhorts the need for women to master their own self in the process of attaining independence. The emphasis is laid on curbing the unconventional feminine desires which subjugates women. As a socially conscious writer, De attempts to bring these erring women back into the orbit of socially sanctified morality.
“And woman should stand beside man as the comrade of his soul, not the servant of his body.” Charlotte Perkins Gilman Gilman has depicted fine portraits of a variety of characters struggling between the two worlds Herland (the world which entirely consists of women) and United States of America (from where the boys have come which is a world full of corruption, violence, jealousy, competition, wars). As a feminist novel about the isolated society/country of women, the novel serves an idealistic viewpoint. Though it is a utopian novel but there is a touch of reality. The imaginary world is related to the contemporary world and has a realistic touch. Although it is an imaginary world yet there is so much to learn from them.
Besides, reflecting the protagonist's conflict through this mood, she uses flashback to hold a clear comparison between Mary and her mother being oppressed by man's domination. Mary's resistance to superiority of men illustrates an integral reason for her
According to vijay kumar Mehta,” Manju Kapur, the radical feminist, truly presents the hidden intricacies of women psyche in her novels. Her protagonists make an effort to dismantle the gender polarization up to a great extent Gender polarization is a concept that what is feminine cannot be masculine and what is masculine cannot be feminine. It is expected of men and women to display stereotypic gender roles. It utilizes the differences between the two groups of male and female to designate particular characteristics to group members of one group and not the other. Sandra Bem describes “the relationship between men and women as a division of social responsibilities.
Shashi Deshpande, as a feminist writer concentrates on the tortures and sufferings of middle-class Indian, Women who are educated, sensitive and are conscious of their legal, social and conjugal rights. Deshpande highlights the household conflict between wife and husband operating at the emotional, intellectual and sexual levels. The novelist being fully aware of the patriarchal set-up of Indian society does not plead for any kind of confrontation or militancy between Man and women, between husband and wife. As it is often said and practiced that “Silence, tolerance, sufferance is golden” and though the novel is in the feminist framework, the novelist does not cross the limits of Indian, socio—cultural reality. The metaphor of silence under which the novel is organized helps to impose a quietude and discipline; the inner dynamics of a self cut off from human communication.
Chitralekha, Padmini and Rani have been married against their desire. Yayati, the first play of Karnad which is based on the myth of Yayati in the Mahabharata is highly relevant from the feministic study. Karnad, in order to present the situation of a newly-wed female adds a new character Chitralekha, which throws more light on the attitude of the patriarchal society. In Yayati, it is highlighted especially in the way Yayati treats women in the play. The agony of woman in such a patriarchal society is well expressed by Chitralekha, who undergoes oppression and suppression at the hands of men despite her caste and class superiority.
The novelist presents Panchali’s life as a series of choices made by herself, and not by the people around her, giving her a voice in the overwhelmingly patriarchal society in ancient India. Divakaruni’s interpretation of the epic provides a complete narrative, sometimes missing from the original epic, giving a stronger role to women of the story, and portraying them as equals in society. This approach of the author emboldens one to argue safely, without much fear of contradiction, that The Palace of Illusions is feminist reading of the
against the traditional position of women in Indian society and they try to find their own way on their own choice. His plays mock the unjust values of the patriarchal society which does not care for the feelings of a woman and considers her a subhuman who exists only to serve him with absolute loyalty. Call it Hayavadana, Nagamandala or The Fire and Rain --- these elements are all there to serve the purpose of the dramatist. Exploitation and oppression of women have become a recognized culture of male chauvinism. So, his plays represent the junction point at which women are characterized as enlightened and emancipated with the power of resistance who struggle to overcome the male dominance.
By delineating her personal experiences, she speaks for her contemporarywomen companions and tries to inspire them for a protest against this marginalisation. Daring to speak the unspeakable, and doing the undoable, she makes her autobiography a strong medium of protest against patriarchy. Through the depiction of sex and illicit relationships, she disrupts the ethical project of good/evil binary propagated by the patriarchy. Key Words Patriarchy, matrilineal, sexuality, subjective power, ideal womanhood Most post-independence studies on Kerala – in the field of politics, sociology, education or health – have attributed much of Kerala’s unique progress to the role of women in both public and private spheres of life. The comparative freedom enjoyed by the women of Kerala, the social permissions they were allowed, their