ipl-logo

Summary Of Still Separate, Still Unequal

917 Words4 Pages

Johnathan Kozol’s article “Still Separate, Still Unequal: America’s Educational Apartheid” targets today’s society. He states how segregation today isn’t any different from how it was decades back. The intended audience can initially be everyone because the article stresses the importance of how America hasn’t really gone through much change. Kozol uses several methods of development to produce a successful argument. He persuasively constructs his argument using logos, while backing up his claim with factual information. His argument deals with racial isolation which some may deem to be either “normal” or not necessarily problematic. His cause and effect reasoning explains how segregation in cities result in heavily impacting not just people, …show more content…

Most paragraphs in this article include numbers that vary when talking about specific dates, years, an amount, and value. For example, in the second paragraph, Kozol compares the percentages of blacks and Hispanics that are enrolled in public schools then compared those numbers to the number of whites that are enrolled in public schools which in many cases, less than ten percent. “In Chicago, by the academic year 2002-2003, 87% of public-school enrollment was black or Hispanic… In Washington D.C., 94%... In St. Louis, 82%... in Detroit, 96%...” and so on. The author does this to support his claim about how cities are becoming more and more segregated, which is shown through the enrollment of regular students. Ethnic people usually make up most of the population in the poorest part of cities than whites do. Therefore, blacks and Hispanics are more than likely to attend schools in their own community instead, which are mainly public schools. This style of writing contribute to the overall tone that Kozol aims to …show more content…

Kozol’s purpose was to stress the importance of how America’s still exactly the way it was decades ago. By appealing to the audience, he used many experiences and even conversations that he’s had with other kids which catches the reader’s attention. This strategy also appealed to the audience more simply because in involves children. Aside from this, his article was very informative due to the use of statistics being provided to support Kozol’s statement. He successfully shows how segregation is an issue, but in a way, also shows that it is something that is second nature to society today. If people are constantly surrounded by the same group of people all their life, this idea of “segregation” may be the only thing that seems common for them. Moreover, overall reason as to why anyone hasn’t pushed to change this may also be connected to a sense of fear when it comes to

Open Document