Patroclus’ aristeia is cut short when he is brutally murdered by Hector, after Apollo’s intervention in the battle. When the news of Patroclus’ slaughter reaches Achilles, he finds himself suddenly responsible for much of the bloodshed--and the death of his best friend. He can no longer ignore the consequences of his fury, and mourns Patroclus, “the man [he] loved beyond all other comrades,” before armoring himself and preparing to reenter the battle (18.95). Although Achilles’ superhuman skill in battle proves a major asset to the Achaean forces, he cannot reverse his actions, and cannot bring Patroclus back to life. Achilles now has nothing to do but choose his own fate, and fight brutally until he either leaves the battle and achieves nostos, or kills Hector and achieves kleos, while also sealing his own fate to die in the war.
Because this victory is only possible with the intervention of the gods, it highlights how the ancient Greeks saw the gods's role as essential to social structure and political calm. One clue to the role of divinities in social structure becomes apparent in the story of Telemachus, a meek character at the epic’s beginning, who allows the imposing suitors to overstay their welcome. Athena goes to Telemachus in book one of the epic to tell him, “You must not cling to your boyhood any longer” (I.341-342). Athena instructs Telemachus to voyage with her around Greece to find news of his father, though the goddess knows Odysseus is on his way home. It can be deduced that Athena’s intention for Telemachus’ voyage is to mature him into the noble man his father would need him to be upon his return.
This much is true for Victor’s failure to take responsibility for not only teaching his creation about life but also failure to take responsibility for the actions of his creation. “Frankenstein! You belong then to my enemy… you shall be my first victim” (153). Victor’s knows that he is responsible for the death of William because he abandoned his creation and made the monster learn the hard way that he would not be accepted into society. But he has no choice but to let Justine take the fall for the death of his brother because he fears being seen as a madman.
Since the people are suffering, Oedipus must find out who killed Lauis fast. Sophocles was well-known for fusing the choruses into the play. In Oedipus Rex, the chorus continuously advises Oedipus to relax and maintain his composure, “Why, Oedipus, why stung with passionate grief hath the queen thus departed? Much I fear from this dead calm will burst a storm of woes (22).” In most ancient tragedies, the chorus simply complains, but does little to nothing to try to prevent them. In Oedipus, the chorus persuades Oedipus to not banish or execute Creon, his uncle and brother in
Nero has his step brother, Britannicus, killed so that his rule was not opposed. He then has his mother assassinated due to her opposition to his relationship with a married woman (Seneca xii). When Nero discovers the Pisonian Conspiracy to overthrow him, he goes out of his way to have anyone so much as implicated as having a part in the plot executed. Much like Atreus, Nero lets his passions rule his life by unjustly killing those that he felt threatened his power. Since all of Seneca’s plays lack dates, it is unknown when he wrote Thyestes.
This sequence of events changes his view and molds Odysseus’ character in regard to his surviving friends and family. For example, Odysseus taunted Polyphemus and incited the wrath of Polyphemus and Poseidon, which led to the deaths of all his crewmembers. That was incredibly unwise, and not worthy of a leader who is responsible for the protection protect of his men. However, Odysseus learns his lesson, and realizes that he needed to grow through his horrifying experience of the earlier deaths. By the time Odysseus finally returns to his home, he not only has a burning desire to avenge his family by killing the suitors, but he also attained a greater understanding for the suffering of others.
The Odyssey is a classic tale of the hero, although some heroes are not what they are depicted to be. In the first four chapters of The Odyssey, by Homer, we are introduced to Telemachus, these books appropriately introduce us to Homer's work as well as lead us into the rest of the book. We have a mental image of Odysseus as a brave warrior and a noble husband, he is described as the ideal person. The view of the readers towards Odysseus is a positive one, we hope that he will return home to his wife and son, unfortunately, when we finally meet him he comes off as arrogant and cocky. These books introduce us to Homer's work as we see with the introduction, as he introduces us to Telemachus rather than his father, Odysseus, who is the main character.
On his journey to get away from whom he thought were his parents, Oedipus kills a group of men. Oedipus is blind to the fact that one of the men was King Laius, who he will later learn was his father. Although the very poor and cruel decisions that Oedipus and Jocasta make ultimately lead them to their fate, they were blind to the extent of most of their decisions. Once Oedipus and Jocasta learn that they are mother and son, they are both mortified. Jocasta commits suicide because she is so ashamed of her decisions.
Not suffering a valiant death as a result of the war, Achilles died once his pride consumed him and encouraged him to kill for entertainment. Completely controlling Achilles, the pride resulting from victory, combined with arrogance and anger create an epic downfall for the once worshiped
Together, the two drugged the guards and slaughtered King Duncan. Unfortunately for the pair, there was a flaw in the plan, the guards woke up too early; therefore, Macbeth was forced to kill the guards for concealment of the horrendous crime. After the death of King Duncan, Macbeth was crowned king of Scotland. Although he was now king, he was still not satisfied. The mental state of King Macbeth quickly declined.
Macbeth last quote or stand in the story is when make goes on into the war and goes ham and tries to protect his reputation, but later on meets up with Maduff and fight to the death. Macbeth has finally reached his maximum craziness because he fighting through the army them fighting Macduff causing death to fall upon him. So Macbeth wanted to end this but was mistaken but the crazy king has fallen. So in the beginning Macbeth starts as a hero but after hear the prophecy he starts becoming more and more insane over time but everyone knows bad guys never