Patroclus’ aristeia is cut short when he is brutally murdered by Hector, after Apollo’s intervention in the battle. When the news of Patroclus’ slaughter reaches Achilles, he finds himself suddenly responsible for much of the bloodshed--and the death of his best friend. He can no longer ignore the consequences of his fury, and mourns Patroclus, “the man [he] loved beyond all other comrades,” before armoring himself and preparing to reenter the battle (18.95). Although Achilles’ superhuman skill in battle proves a major asset to the Achaean forces, he cannot reverse his actions, and cannot bring Patroclus back to life. Achilles now has nothing to do but choose his own fate, and fight brutally until he either leaves the battle and achieves nostos, or kills Hector and achieves kleos, while also sealing his own fate to die in the war.
Because this victory is only possible with the intervention of the gods, it highlights how the ancient Greeks saw the gods's role as essential to social structure and political calm. One clue to the role of divinities in social structure becomes apparent in the story of Telemachus, a meek character at the epic’s beginning, who allows the imposing suitors to overstay their welcome. Athena goes to Telemachus in book one of the epic to tell him, “You must not cling to your boyhood any longer” (I.341-342). Athena instructs Telemachus to voyage with her around Greece to find news of his father, though the goddess knows Odysseus is on his way home.
This much is true for Victor’s failure to take responsibility for not only teaching his creation about life but also failure to take responsibility for the actions of his creation. “Frankenstein! You belong then to my enemy… you shall be my first victim” (153). Victor’s knows that he is responsible for the death of William because he abandoned his creation and made the monster learn the hard way that he would not be accepted into society. But he has no choice but to let Justine take the fall for the death of his brother because he fears being seen as a madman.
Sophocles was well-known for fusing the choruses into the play. In Oedipus Rex, the chorus continuously advises Oedipus to relax and maintain his composure, “Why, Oedipus, why stung with passionate grief hath the queen thus departed? Much I fear from this dead calm will burst a storm of woes (22).” In most ancient tragedies, the chorus simply complains, but does little to nothing to try to prevent them. In Oedipus, the chorus persuades Oedipus to not banish or execute Creon, his uncle and brother in
He then has his mother assassinated due to her opposition to his relationship with a married woman (Seneca xii). When Nero discovers the Pisonian Conspiracy to overthrow him, he goes out of his way to have anyone so much as implicated as having a part in the plot executed. Much like Atreus, Nero lets his passions rule his life by unjustly killing those that he felt threatened his power. Since all of Seneca’s plays lack dates, it is unknown when he wrote Thyestes.
For example, Odysseus taunted Polyphemus and incited the wrath of Polyphemus and Poseidon, which led to the deaths of all his crewmembers. That was incredibly unwise, and not worthy of a leader who is responsible for the protection protect of his men. However, Odysseus learns his lesson, and realizes that he needed to grow through his horrifying experience of the earlier deaths. By the time Odysseus finally returns to his home, he not only has a burning desire to avenge his family by killing the suitors, but he also attained a greater understanding for the suffering of others. Even after Odysseus had satisfied his desire for revenge by killing the suitors, he refuses to gloat, and made sure
The Odyssey is a classic tale of the hero, although some heroes are not what they are depicted to be. In the first four chapters of The Odyssey, by Homer, we are introduced to Telemachus, these books appropriately introduce us to Homer's work as well as lead us into the rest of the book. We have a mental image of Odysseus as a brave warrior and a noble husband, he is described as the ideal person. The view of the readers towards Odysseus is a positive one, we hope that he will return home to his wife and son, unfortunately, when we finally meet him he comes off as arrogant and cocky. These books introduce us to Homer's work as we see with the introduction, as he introduces us to Telemachus rather than his father, Odysseus, who is the main character.
On his journey to get away from whom he thought were his parents, Oedipus kills a group of men. Oedipus is blind to the fact that one of the men was King Laius, who he will later learn was his father. Although the very poor and cruel decisions that Oedipus and Jocasta make ultimately lead them to their fate, they were blind to the extent of most of their decisions.
Also, although not describe in The Iliad, Achilles went to such extremes after killing Hector, that he even lost his own life in battle (Krause). Not suffering a valiant death as a result of the war, Achilles died once his pride consumed him and encouraged him to kill for entertainment. Completely controlling Achilles, the pride resulting from victory, combined with arrogance and anger create an epic downfall for the once worshiped
Together, the two drugged the guards and slaughtered King Duncan. Unfortunately for the pair, there was a flaw in the plan, the guards woke up too early; therefore, Macbeth was forced to kill the guards for concealment of the horrendous crime. After the death of King Duncan, Macbeth was crowned king of Scotland. Although he was now king, he was still not satisfied.
Macbeth has finally reached his maximum craziness because he fighting through the army them fighting Macduff causing death to fall upon him. So Macbeth wanted to end this but was mistaken but the crazy king has fallen. So in the beginning Macbeth starts as a hero but after hear the prophecy he starts becoming more and more insane over time but everyone knows bad guys never
In the book, "The Odyssey", the character Telemachos' is the son to Penelope the Queen of Ithaca, and Odysseus. Telemachos lives with his mother Penelope where they reside in their kingdom in Ithaca. However, since Odysseus is missing the kingdom is falling, and Penelope is trying her best to preserve it. While Odysseus is missing, and it is believed he is dead Penelope has to remarry one of suitors According to Greek traditions, royalty can not be unmarried, and since it is believed by many that Odysseus is dead, she must remarry. With his father in his heart, and for the sake of his mother, Telemachos goes out in search for his father.
In The Odyssey, Telemachus, son of Odysseus, was the man of the house after his father left for the Trojan War. When his father did not return to Ithaca, suitors flooded into his home, ravaging his food and overstaying their welcome. Throughout the “Telemachy”, Telemachus overcomes his uncertainty and insecurity in his potential power. Telemachus starts off as a young minded, immature boy who comes of age by seeking revenge, grasping hospitality and developing his faith. Telemachus was too scared to even tell his mother about his desire for the suitors to be gone.
In The Odyssey, Odysseus and Telemachus are two heroes that go through tests to try and complete their quests. At the beginning of the book, Odysseus is a Trojan war hero who has been away from home for a war that lasted ten years. It takes him another ten to get back home. Telemachus is Odysseus’s son. Telemachus believes that his father will never come back until Athena tells him to go and try to find any information about Odysseus’s whereabouts.
Literary foils are when two characters can be compared to one another in that they share many similarities, but have one key difference that is then highlighted by these similarities. In Homer’s The Odyssey, a large part of the story is centered around the protagonist, Odysseus, the long-lost King of Ithaca, and his son, Telemachus, who hasn’t seen his father for twenty years. In fact, part of the journey that Telemachus makes is to find reassurance that Odysseus truly is his father. Although they are separated for a long part of the story, Homer writes these two characters as foils of each other.