The novel was published during the Industrial Revolution, a time of great economic change in which laborers fought for fair conditions at the workplace, and employers fought to defend themselves. People formed groups to work for their own benefit, thus causing the separation of classes. As a novel written during the Victorian era, Emily Bronte’s intensely class conscious novel Wuthering Heights is a story of protecting and improving one's social and economic class. Much of this struggle results from a distinct division of classes and is described through such ways as personal relationships, appearance of characters, and even the setting. The division of classes is based on cultural, economic, and social differences, and it greatly affects the general behavior and actions of each character.
Sinclair emphasizes that capitalism is detrimental to the working class, and he proposes that socialism is the solution to economic inequality and the lack of power among the working class. For example, he described “the tricks of the packers, their masters, the tyrants who ruled them… the irregular hours and the cruel speeding-up, the lowering of wages, the raising of prices! The whole machinery of society was at their oppressors’ command” (177). Sinclair depicted the factory owners in the novel as disgraceful rulers to reflect how capitalism allowed ruling class leaders to oppress workers. He also portrays the corrupt effects of capitalism on workers’ well-being, illustrating that “each day the struggle becomes fiercer, the pace more cruel; each day you have to toil a little harder and feel the iron hand of circumstance close upon you a little tighter” (298).
The Labor Unions The labor unions of the 19th century revolutionized the expanding and demanding industrial capitalism, into modern day understanding of industrialization. Carl Degler, writer of the Out of Our Past (1959) establish the ideology that labor unions are both conservatives and capitalists. First of all, a conservative is an individual that wants to preserve the old ways also known as the status quo within the workplace, which is self-employment and self-economic improvement through independent labor or small scale manufacture. Also conservatives reject any form of capitalism. However, capitalist stand by the system that the country 's industrial and trade system should be managed by private owners, which implies the function of
The inclusion of this visual aids is to further show his false propaganda to gain the support of many. V was likened to these villains since he was trying to push for an anarchist society the same way these dictators tried to push for a system of government they believed was ideal for their respective countries. They also represent the manner in which V went about overthrowing the previous political system to implicate his own-- similar tactics these World Two dictators used to gain power. One similarity V has as demonstrated by Ben Little in the article Constructing the Reader 's Perspective in V for Vendetta “As an anarchist, he cannot tell people what to do, merely show them the alternative. In one instance, this politics of demonstration is taken to the extreme and occupies the second main moment of ambiguity in the text”(194).
The Grinch Who Stole Christmas is a poem by Theodor Geisel otherwise known as Dr. Seuss. This children story, would best be criticized by the Marxism Theory. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels are German philosophers also referred to as the founders of Marxism; the main principles of Marxism is the social and economical equality. Due to the industrial revolution and spreading of capitalism their theories and ideas were made to achieve a society in which the class structure would be put to an end and all people were considered equal. Their beliefs and ideas also reveal that there will always be conflict with the upper, middle and lower classes and which may be reflected in literature and other forms of expression.
Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) the founding father of the Marxist Media Theory where his theory is created to actually criticized the abuse of power by the capitalist rulers. Notably known as a communist and almost always mistaken as a ruthless communist who strictly refuse to believe in the existence of God, Marx’s intention is actually to create an egalitarian society in the industrialized countries where capitalists exploit most of their workers without them (workers) being aware of the exploitation. His theory can define him as a utopian (a belief in a perfect world) where he was calling for a new social order in which
It is argued that social inequality occurs because of the conflict between the upper-class and the working-class, or as Marx defines it, the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. Based on the Manifesto of the Communist Party (Marx and Engels, 1848), the divergence emerges because the aim of the Bourgeoisie is to obtain a surplus-value that is produced by the work of the Proletariat. On the other side, the Bourgeoisie provides the Proletariat with the minimum required, such as a place to live and a minimum wage, in order to keep the society under control and avoid a rebellion. However, Marx did predict a revolt of the working-class that would eventually lead to a communist regime. When it comes to applying this theoretical approach to reality, it is evident to notice that no global revolt in regards to capitalism has occurred.
Communism is an economic philosophy founded by Karl Marx in the 2nd half of the 19th century. Marx and Engels felt Capitalism created a huge separation between social classes; specifically affecting the lower classes. They desired to end an established system that led to the exploitation of workers. So in 1844, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published “The Communist Manifesto” This new found economic system gave ownership to the whole community thus naming it “communism.“From each according to his ability; to each according to his need.” - Karl Marx This new found system accomplishes equality but, satisfies few. Communism fulfill it’s goal of equality between different social classes.
Dorothy Smith conceives of ideology as a mode of reasoning, or creating knowledge which abstracts away from lives individuals engaged in everyday social interaction. It Is through ideology, hegemony and discourse that people become convinced to accept systems of social inequality as acceptable and immune from social transformation. It remains obvious that to state that the working class by virtue of its place in the social relations of capitalist production, has a fundamental interest in socialism, and is to attribute to a determined place at the economic level. But through the indoctrination by the capitalist classes, the working class comes to conclude that the dominate form of social structure is not subject to change. “Necessity is blind until it becomes conscious.
I see Marx as a voice for the voiceless, the weak, and the vulnerable in all societies across the globe. “Karl Marx was a German philosopher and economist who with Friedrich Engels authored the “communist manifesto” a critical analysis of capitalism that saw the material or economic basis of inequality and power relations as the cause of social instability and conflict” (Little & McGivern, 2013, p.13). Marx worked towards changing the economic dynamics of the society. He foresaw impact of private dominance, “ Marx’s analysis of the foundations of a capitalist society raises questions of the justice of the distribution of wealth,” (Amies, 2008, p.7). This is worse in today’s world.