Summary Of The Discourse-Historical Approach

1346 Words6 Pages
HUYNH THI HONG HOA CLASS: CDA STUDENT NO.: 140929001 THE DISCOURSE- HISTORICAL APPROACH An introduction: The Discourse-Historical Approach is a set of analytical tools developed by Ruth Wodak and her colleagues under the framework of Norman Fairclough’s Critical Discourse Analysis. In the Discourse-Historical Approach, Wodak and her colleagues assume a dialectical relationship between discourse and the particular social world it is embedded in, including situations, institutional frames, and social structures. There are some basic concepts that have been used in the Discourse-Historical Approach. They will be explained respectively as the followings: Critique: Critique has many different meanings according to Frankfurt School, literary criticism…show more content…
By Ideology, unequal power relations are established and maintained through discourse. Ideology is also a means of transforming power relations in discourse. Power: Language is a means to gain and maintain power. Power relates to an asymmetric relationship among individuals belonging to different social positions and social groups. It is the possibility of having one’s own will within a social relationship against the will or interests of others. Power can be legitimized or de-legitimized in discourses where there are ideological fights for dominance and hegemony. DHA focus on the analysis of the language use of those in power who have the means and opportunities to improve the conditions. Discourse: DHA follows the principle of triangulation, which implies taking a whole range of imperial observation, theories, and methods as well as background information into account. Therefore, a discourse includes three constitutive elements: macro-topic-relatedness, pluri-perspectivity and argumentativity . Discourse is a cluster of context-dependent semiotic practices that are situated within specific fields of social action, socially constituted and socially constitutive, related to a macro-topic, and linked to the argumentation about validity claims such as truth and…show more content…
If an element is taken out of its context we call the process de-contextualization. Intertextuality: Intertextuality means that texts are linked to other texts in different ways, both in the past and the present. Interdiscursivity: Interdiscursivity signifies that discourses are linked to each other in various ways. That is to say, a discourse of a specific topic can refer to topics or subtopics of other discourses. The DHA, committed to CDA, is interdisciplinary, problem-oriented, and analyses changes in discursive practices over time and in various genres. It attempts to integrate a large quantity of available knowledge about the historical sources and the background of the social and political fields in which discursive events are embedded. In addition, it analyses the historical dimension of discursive actions by exploring the ways in which particular genres of discourse are subject to diachronic change. In DHA, the analyst examines three dimensions of discursive events. First, he/she identifies the specific contents or topics of a specific discourse. Then, he/she investigates the discursive strategies. After that, he/she examines linguistic means (as types) and the specific, context-dependent linguistic realizations (as

More about Summary Of The Discourse-Historical Approach

Open Document