Summary Of The Red Scare By Senator Joseph R. Mccarthy

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The Cold War was an intense rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union. The “war” raised concerns that Communists and leftist sympathizers inside America might actively work as Soviet spies and pose a threat to U.S. security. The Red Scare, which peaked between 1947 and 1954, came to dictate the mindset of Americans during the early stages of the Cold War. Communists were often referred to as “Reds” for their allegiance to the red Soviet flag. In the 1950s, Senator Joseph R. McCarthy took advantage of the great fear of Communism among Americans after WWII. McCarthy used hearsay and intimidation to establish himself as a powerful and feared figure in American politics. His reign became known as "McCarthyism" and was the fearful accusation …show more content…

The cipher clerk’s discovery started a chain of events that ended in a dubious trial sentence. In 1950, an atomic scientist named Klaus Fuchs was arrested by British intelligence for giving Soviets secrets from the Manhattan Project. Fuchs confessed to the crime and said he had given the information to another man by the name of Harry Gold. Gold said he transmitted the information from Klaus Fuchs to the Soviets, but on one occasion he had received information from David Greenglass, Ethel’s brother. David Greenglass also confessed. In addition, he claimed his sister and brother-in-law were behind all of it. Julius and Ethel were arrested in 1950, Julius in July and Ethel in …show more content…

Both declared innocence and refused admittance to wrongdoing. Morton Sobell was tried for espionage in connection with Julius Rosenberg. Sobell also declared innocence, but his lawyer advised him not to testify at his trial. The chain of confessions prior to the arrests of Julius, Ethel, and Morton was repeated during the trial. David Greenglass declared Julius set up the meeting in which he passed plans to Harry Gold, who supported his testimony, saying he then sent the secrets to a Soviet agent. Greenglass also testified that he gave another set of sketches to Harry Gold, who used the recognition signal “I come from Julius” to identify himself to David when they first met. Gold testified that he was a spy courier transmitting information from Klaus Fuchs to the Soviet Union, but that on this one occasion he received information from Greenglass. There was no evidence to directly sentence Ethel, but prosecutors were adamant about her involvement. Ruth Greenglass, David’s wife, testified at trial that in 1945, Ethel typed her brother's notes. David corroborated that story, which became significant evidence against Ethel. In her testimony, however, Ruth said she had handwritten her husband's notes and did not mention Ethel

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