A prince should act upon others as he might expect them to act upon him. A prince may act corrupt, cruel, and immoral, while appearing the opposite, for the means of avoiding hatred. He must be equipped with these qualities so he is able to do evil if required. This argument is justified through the strive for prosperity a prince seek for this state and the avoidance of hatred. A hated prince’s preach for peace and good faith will only result in a lack of support from his people and the loss of his state.
I had a look at two short stories; “The lottery” by Shirley Jackson and “The Most Dangerous Game” by Richard Connell, in “The Lottery” Jackson seems to use a live setting but in “The Most Dangerous Game” Connell uses fictional characters. I identified that both stories share a common theme of cruelty and violence. In “The Lottery” the towns’ people participate in a ritual that results to death of an unwilling person so as to satisfy their belief that by sacrificing one of their own will guarantee a plentiful harvest. In “The Most Dangerous Game” humans are hunted as mere animal so as to serve as prey and satisfy desire for a challenge. By comparing the two incidences, the element of violence and cruelty demonstrate the self-centeredness that abounds in each story with the taking of life for
But along the course of human history, something had gone wrong. Humans created the idea of private property, something that Rousseau was against. He wrote, “How many crimes, wars, murders; how much misery and horror the human race would have spared if someone had pulled up the stakes and filled in the ditch, and cried to his fellow men… ‘the fruits of the earth belong to everyone and that the earth itself belongs to no one!’” With this concept of private property came laws and governors, the start of humans becoming shackled in chains. As historian Jackson Spielvogel put it, “government was an evil, but a necessary one.” As Rousseau premised in The Social Contract, “the problem is to find a form of association which will defend and protect with the whole common force the person and goods of each associate, and in which each, while uniting himself with all, may still obey himself alone, and remain as free as before.” Rousseau presented this solution in his treatise, The Social Contract, saying, “Each of us puts his person and all his power in common under the supreme direction of the general will, and, in our corporate capacity, we receive each member as an indivisible part of the whole.” If everyone were to buy in on the idea of the social contract and create a general will, then society would be in its most perfect
This shows that the environment itself is not responsible for the boys behavior, but only acts as a revelation of who they really are under the masks that society gives them to hide behind. Jack is the best example of falling into savagery, which can be capitalized and displayed with his “bloodthirsty laugh” (Golding ). His bloodlust causes incredible sin, from the self gratification of hunting and eventually the murder of Simon and Piggy. Society is needed to keep people from their natural
Tamkin ends up swindling Wilheim out of money, he is a sort of spiritual guide which leads Wilheim to get rid of the “Old America” ideal –care about money, expensive clothes and success- (with Dr Adler as a symbol of this) explaining with this, the reaction of Dr. Adler when Wilheim tell him he follows Tamkin’s advices (“The future is full of anxiety. Only the present is real –the here-and-now. Seize the day. […] Money-making is aggression. […] People come to the market to kill […] the world is full of murderers.
In response, Winston is trying to escape and fight the system. He is aware of the oppression of Big Brother and understand the dictatorship the community faces. The proposal of Big Brother is to strip away the human qualities, such as emotion, so that everyone is alike and easier to control. To contrast, Winston is able to tell the difference and able to detect the false ideas of tyranny and disobeys the rules. His first rebellion was writing his thoughts
In his political text Leviathan Thomas Hobbes describes a gruesome world where man has no sense of right and wrong and lives in a natural state of war. His actions are based primarily on passions, most notably the fear of death, and this fear colours every aspect of his life. Man, however, is a rational creature, and his possession of the faculty of reason also serves to shape his decisions and actions. This essay will explore the question, what effect does the interplay between passion and reason have on the creation of covenants and man’s obedience towards them? Hobbes states that man has the possibility of rising out of the state of nature “consisting partly in his passions, partly in his reasons;” (86) however, his entire argument relies much more heavily on the use of passion than the use of reason.
If you don’t eliminate them, you will die on this island”. Consequently, it would be a bloodbath. First, a power struggle between the groups, then within the groups. EVIL tells us to put our own urges and needs above the safety and needs of others, no matter the cost. This was explained in detail when Roger throws the stones at Henry, ultimately, he threw to miss.
Living seen from this angle is an inevitable violent war. In order to avoid such a war, one needs to find a place where he/she can minimize its pains. Schopenhauer believes that solitude is that appropriate place. It is the right place for : “those who strive for true holiness; throwing away all possessions, abandoning every home and all relations, deep and total solitude spent in silent contemplation with voluntary penitence and terrible, slow self-torture to completely mortify the will.” Schopenhauer asserts that there is indeed a "social instinct" but in order to live in society, everyone must
Another comparison to the seemingly similar manor of Macbeth and the Lion King is that both of The lion King and Macbeth presents us with the ugliness of human nature and greed, in order to achieve the ends justify means not hesitate to harm their fellow citizens. The processes when they were achieving their ambition are meanness and ruthless ，however all of these bring themselves the tragic ending .‘ No, fool - we 're going to kill him. Simba too.’(Scar in The liong king)，‘Be prepared for the murkiest scam’(Scar in The liong king) ‘Yes, my teeth and ambitions are bared .’ (Scar in The liong king) after telling Simba to exile himself from the Pride Lands, Scar orders the hyenas to kill him soon after rather than do it himself, and doesn 't bother to make sure that they actually do the job.Accoring to this,the screenwriter confirmed us that cruelty and the fighting instinct have not yet been bred out of the human beings.Moreover,Scar is quite happy to let the Pridelands go to hell in a handbasket if that means he can be King. He 's also pretty upfront that he wants the job for the power and refuses to even acknowledge that he 's supposed to have duties and responsibilities to go with them. However,this kind of contemptible behaves leads himself an unfavorably consequence .