Societies’ common sense becomes higher than people’s nature, so they start to understand that for the bright future they need the authority, because the freedom is very quick and unstable moment and the source of freedom is authority. Surely, at the beginning concept of freedom is very tempting, you feel free to do everything you want. Freedom gives you opportunities to live in a way you want. However, humans’ egoism and selfishness disturb others’ freedom, because they think freedom is something that will solve their life problems and reduce responsibility from them. These circumstances make humankind incapable of using their freedom and create chaos.
Machiavelli poses the question, “whether is is better to be loved rather than feared, or feared rather than loved” (Chapter 17, Page 43). The patent answer would be, it is better to be loved and feared, but fear and love hardly ever converge. Machiavelli’s assessment to this question revives the concepts of human nature and virtue. The aspiration for a prince is to maintain the state, which involves the compliance of the people. Therefore, Machiavelli advocates that being feared is more dependable.
Unfortunately many people have inadequate morals, and a lot of individuals fail, or just refuse, to see the difference between just and unjust. The concepts utilitarianism (welfare), and libertarianism (freedom), are arguments of virtue, meaning they are in favor of solutions that are morally right. These concepts refer to two pieces of literature: “Justice” by Michael Sandel, and “Antigone” by Sophocles. Utilitarianism is best applied to these texts and most specifically demonstrated through the actions of King Creon in the play Antigone. Utilitarianism, an argument of welfare decided the solution to all problems is to choose the option that benefits
Though both men believed in success, they saw it differently and thought people could achieve it by going in the right
However the only person who had to deal with the pain was Hop-frog so its not really up to anyone but Hop-frog to say if it was a good idea or not. God only gives us one life to sacrifice a whole bunch of years because of some ignorant king isn’t the best way to live. There are many times in the story where Hop-frog asks the King politely and professionally to leave him alone, and the King just laughs and abuses him more. Hop-frog someday wanted to start a family and that would be next to impossible with the King still alive. “The ghost of wit isn’t well liked but once people got to know him they learned a lot” (Poe 10.)
He warns the couple about the dangerous consequences that will come with the three wishes, but they ignore the warnings. For their first wish, they wish for two hundred pounds. They don't believe the consequences until their son dies at work, and the reward for his work there is two hundred pounds. “The Monkey's Paw,” by W.W. Jacobs, shows us that when you’re greedy, Karma will affect your life.
One might argue that if all humans are innately good and if they all have a conscience to account for, the reason of the existence of evil in people cannot be explained. However, those who build such arguments often forget to consider the effects of outside factors on morals. It is reasonable to argue that all actions have a reason, good and evil are not different. Good actions are derived from ‘the seeds’ that everyone inherently possess. (Mencius, 2A.6)
The obvious activist voice in these paragraphs show how much Elie wanted to change how people ignored others. Elie Wiesel wrote these passages to explain his point about not being indifferent, because to him, nothing could stifle progress as much as not
We no longer have freedom of speech in America out of fear of offending someone. These issues are not covered by the media so many people don’t believe that America is being censored. Many people are being fired or suspended because the words that were spoke by that person were to offensive for the other persons taste. Words are twisted by the media, and people are made out to be monsters all because of some words that were said, when really it’s just words. Paula dean was fired from the food industry because of something she said 30 years ago, Chick-Fil-A was boycotted because their views weren’t the same as others, Brendon Ike was fired because of a few words that he said on social media, it seems like everything that is said or done offends someone in some way.
With World War II leaving high tensions between the United States and the USSR, and both nations assuming a policy of mutual destruction the president was commonly forced to make powerful choices that could determine the fate of billions of lives. In Fall-Safe(1964) a group of pilots routinely fly out to their fail safe zones upon the US’s command base issuing an alert due to a off-course civilian jet. However, one group of pilots received a false go and traveled beyond their fail safe point to bomb Moscow, leaving it up to the president to stop a potential all-out war with the USSR. Analyzing the president’s actions with a utilitarian position, we can arrive at the conclusion that the president acted morally despite the unspeakable consequences of his actions.
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes helpfulness. In this theory, punishment is warranted only if it promotes over-all happiness. C.S. Lewis refers to utilitarianism as humanitarian in his essay. Contrary to the general humanitarian viewpoint, which sees punishment as precautionary, Lewis believes that it denies criminals of their humanity. He states, "when we cease to consider what the criminal deserves and consider only what will cure him or deter others, we have tacitly removed him from the sphere of justice altogether; instead of a person, a subject of rights, we now have a mere object, a patient, a 'case."
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory summed up by the phrase, the right action is one which creates the sum total amount of happiness for the greatest number. Therefore, utilitarians believe that morality’s purpose is to maximise the number of good things, such as happiness, and decrease the number of bad things, such as unhappiness, in the world. Critics of utilitarianism believe that this theory cannot accommodate moral rights since we go against our intuitions in moral dilemmas. However, utiltarians have a response to these criticisms which shows that utilitarianism is defensible. Utilitarianism was developed into an ethical theory by two philosophers named Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill.