The British, however, had a positive social impact on India because the British revolutionized Indian society, and got rid of many negative social concepts that the Indians went by. Under British rule, Indians politically suffered. The army, government, and police force, was all favored towards the British, and they passed laws that worked against the Indians, like the Rowlatt Act. The Indians were negatively impacted economically. This was because, the British ruined their lands, by stripping their forests and forcing them to grow cash crops.
“The rich and powerful now have new means to further enrich and empower themselves at the cost of the poorer and weaker” - Nelson Mandela. As the European colonies imperialized multiple areas of the world to gain gold, God, glory, commerce, civilization and Christianity, their Eurocentric worldview had an effect towards various groups within the world. The Europeans colonized numerous regions such as India, Canada, and Africa to help expand globalization. As they colonized these areas, it created both tragic and beneficial legacies towards the Indigenous societies. Using colonialism and globalization the Europeans were able to take control and rule by creating a dictatorship in these new areas.
This gave rise to belief that there was a “hierarchy” of races and that the Europeans were at the top of the hierarchy. Imperialists used genetics as a justified explanation to why white people were more superior to other races. Darwin believed that animal species was adapting and changing to environments in the process of evolution. Never did Darwin suggest that this was meant to apply to humans and their societies, cultures and races. However although the theory adapted by Herbert Spencer, and originally created by Darwin, contributed towards imperialism and colonisation it was not the sole cause of it.
People like Francis Galton and Charles Darwin believed that taking the hereditary genes from strong, well minded, citizens would benefit the human race as a whole. Little did they know, they were slowly leading to the downfall of our nation. The word “Eugenics” was coined by Francis Galton. The term comes from the greek roots that mean “good” and“origin”. In other words, the word means “good birth”, which refers to
From each angle in the argument we look at we see different kinds of cultural invasion, it’s more like an endless war between two cultures and the survival for the strong one, and there have been a lot of these wars and invasions over the past centuries. Although there are variable opinions about globalization effects between the supporter and the oppositionist, Its quite clear that globalization has had a negative effect on gulf countries on several ways. Globalization has been defined as uncontrolled power similar to a worldwide market that is not related to any country it transforms the world into a one single market. “Globalization is essentially a process through which policies, events and decisions in one part of the world influence social, economic and political policies in other parts of the world, it refers to " universalization" of western liberal democracy as the final form of human government” (Huntington, 1997, P31). Let’s minimize our region to the gulf countries only, gulf countries had been
He connected his speculations of natural selection particularly to individuals in The Descent of Man (1871), a work that faultfinders deciphered as defending brutal social policies at home and government abroad. The Englishman most connected with early social Darwinism, notwithstanding, was social scientist Herbert Spencer. Spencer authored the adage survival of the fittest to depict the result of rivalry between social gatherings. In Social Statics (1850) and different works, Spencer contended that through rivalry social evolution would consequently create flourishing and individual freedom unparalleled in human history. The most conspicuous American social Darwinist of the 1880s was William Graham Sumner, who on a few events told gatherings of people that there was no different option for the survival of the fittest theory.
When faced with 19th-century European colonialism, Japan fared the best compared to India and the Congo. The reasons behind European colonization was Industry and social darwinism. Social darwinism is the belief that certain groups of people were genetically predisposed to specific jobs and tasks. Through the theory, Europeans came to believe that because of their predisposition they had the right to rule over others, which is also known as imperialism. Imperialism can be defined as “the takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation to dominate the political, economic, and social life of the people of that nation.” Moreover, since social darwinism supported imperialism, it, therefore, justified racism.
Increased inequality Increased inequality means that the existing of income inconsistency between countries across the world. According to King & King (2005:199), globalization might not help in generating more wealth in developed countries, hence the gap between world’s richest and poorest countries still exist as today’s. On the other side, even the developing countries are directly concerned in globalization, their main decisions are still normally left out. As the developed countries are able to influence the economic and social policies in developing countries, hence, they have greater wager in affecting the world economy. 2.
However, laid down policies and especially foreign policy can go a long way in determining the relationships forged as a result of globalization. There are many advantages and disadvantages associated with globalization. United States of America as a developed economy is faced with many advantages in terms of economic gains. On the other hand, its citizens are faced with many predicaments such as loss of employment and low quality products in their retail shelves among others. In many ways, globalization works in tandem with foreign policy (Lindsay et al., 2003).
Nevertheless, cross-sectional investigation has its deficiencies that raise doubts about their usefulness. In these studies, countries in similar stages of development were grouped together and implicitly assumed a common economic structure and similar production technology across different countries. However, this assumption is most likely unrealistic. Thus the results reported in these studies are vulnerable to criticism. Moreover, cross sectional analysis ignore the shifts in the relationship between variables over time within a country, while export and economic growth is a long run phenomenon that cannot be studied by using cross sectional analysis.