The Cold War was a very significant period of time in the history of the world. The two Superpowers, USSR and the United States of America, were in the battlefield of ideology representing Socialism and Capitalism respectively. One of the most crucial conflicts in this Nuclear Arms Race was the Cuban Missile Crisis; in fact, it was the closest that the two sides ever got to the nuclear annihilation of the entire human species. As per the Monroe Doctrine of 1823, all the Americas would eventually be under the United States of America, and this supposedly justified the Bay of Pigs invasion by the U.S. to overthrow Castro, and return Capitalism to the nation. In consequence to this threatening attack of the U.S. Castro approached Khrushchev for economic and military support to stand up against Kennedy.
Operation Northwoods was an operation that would plan to end Communism in Cuba in 1962. The US were in thick Cold War conflict during this period. Operation Northwoods was part of a bigger operation called Operation Mongoose. Operation Mongoose was concocted by General Edward Lansdale of the United States air force. Operation Northwoods was an operation inside the Department of Defence and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
But as a regard to the multiple trials that took place in New Mexico, what came of it was that President Truman became aware of what massive casualties would come from dropping those bombs. President Truman stated in document A that “he regarded the bomb as a military weapon and never had any doubts that it should be used.” Looking back now, Truman knew what could come from the dropping but yet he still did and ending up picking a location where the biggest casualty could come from. The atomic bombs should have only been reserved for a last resort situation, what should have happened was Admiral Leahy’s idea. Yes, it did put an end to the war but it also started one as well. So, ultimately I believe Truman was not justified due to the fact that there were many more solutions to the
Robert J. Donovan (1977), author of an extensive history of the Truman presidency, Conflict and Crisis. While other historians focus on the what happened after the bombing. The atomic bomb became the first of step, of many, in an arms race between Russia, The United States, and China. During the Cold War there were millions of people living in fear of the next atomic bomb to go off over an inhabited city. Other Historians believe it was a tactic to demonstrate the U.S. might to the rest of the world, specifically
Americans learned more about what happened during the Spanish American War through articles that exposed the violent tensions in Cuba. The Americans then felt the need that we should help Cuba against Spain. The Americans in power wanted to remain neutral, while the public wanted to go to war. The U.S. Maine was a battleship that was sent to Cuba to spy on them and understand the situation in person. While the ship was there, it mysteriously blew up, the blame was put on Spain for the explosion.
In Stanley Kubrick’s Dr. Strangelove, the hysteria of the Cold War is turned into an overblown and dark satirical piece that spurs many different reactions and opinions. In the wake of the terrifyingly tense Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 that saw the world at its closest point to nuclear war, Dr. Strangelove is a very unwelcome form of comic relief for many movie-goers. 2 years later, the tension between our country and the USSR remains high, and the release of this kind of movie feels unwarranted and insensitive to the public’s current distress. Director Stanley Kubrick did not simply create this film for shock value and controversy, though. Despite his hyperbolic vision of nuclear chaos, Kubrick’s underlying criticism of cold war politics and ideologies proves to be brilliant for those who can take his dark humor in stride.
11 The Cuban Missile Crisis - During the Cuban Missile Crisis, leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff in October 1962 over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles on Cuba, just 90 miles from U.S. shores. I rate this 7 because it was the closest the U.S. and the USSR got into. It could have resulted into a war. The soviets had to remove their bombs on a certain date, and if they didn`t, U.S. would attack. 12 The Vietnam War - Communists supported by North Vietnam, and the U.S. supported South Vietnam, North Vietnamese leader wanted to reunite Vietnam.
The first force of action Kennedy decided to take on Cuba was the economic blockade. This was put in place because Cuba had just signed a trade agreement with the USSR, and Kennedy knew that the USSR having access to planting their missiles only 90 miles away from US territory could be very dangerous. “Since the 1960s, the United States has imposed an embargo against Cuba...the blockade, consists of economic sanctions against Cuba and restrictions on Cuban travel and commerce for all people and companies under US jurisdiction.” This quote is from this website. This was a very big decision that Kennedy made because Cuba and the U.S traded a lot of goods between the each other, and he knew that he would be cutting off that supply completely. A lot of people did not believe he was making the right decision, but Kennedy knew that if his judgement and thinking was corrupted by other people 's perspective than he wouldn’t be able to truly figure out what was the right
With the recent passing of Cuban dictator Fidel Castro, people's mind are sparked to remember the threats he posed to stabilized society, and how his actions could have changed the world drastically. In October of 1962, Castro secretly filled silos all across Cuba with nuclear-tipped missiles sent by Russia. Identified as the Cuban Missile Crisis, this proved to be a massive threat to the United States and all countries within the western hemisphere. With total control over his people, Castro threatened the lives of millions and provoked America to plant nuclear missiles within Turkey to threaten Russia and protect themselves. The world was on the brink of WWIII.
During the 1940s the world was in conflict and the allied forces, consisting of the USA, Britain and France were struggling to win the war against the Fascist movement. This led to innovations of all kinds and when the Japan got involved the US couldn’t land and hold an island without meeting great resistance from Japanese troops willing to commit suicide for their country. During this time many physicists and nuclear engineers were on the verge of constructing the next level of nuclear technology. This led to President Roosevelt establishing the National Defense Research Committee in hopes of creating an Atomic weapon capable of mass destruction. The Atomic Bomb was created through a series of tests conducted in New Mexico known as the Trinity tests or more commonly as the Manhattan Project.
After the American use of the atomic bomb on Japan in 1945, the tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union grew exponentially. A weapon with so much destructive power in the hands of the enemy was justifiability seen as a huge threat to the Soviets` safety and influence. The Soviets constructed their own nuclear bomb in response during August of 1948, and began a competition began between the two nations. Each country attempted to produce forces more impressive than the other`s, leading to the creation of increasingly ruinous weaponry. The constantly stressed situation proved sensitive to any movement by either country, altered domestically or otherwise.
The three solutions to the Cuban Missile Crisis were a nuclear war, limited war, or negotiate a way to remove the missiles. One option during the Cuban Missile Crisis was to go into an all out nuclear war. None of the countries wanted this option, but it was still possible. This is true because in Document C it says, “The most important thing for us is to get an agreement as soon as possible.” This proves that both the USSR and the US wanted to come to a quick
Cuba also remains a Communist state. . (Acrobatiq, 2014) Slide 9 The Cuban Missile range map helps us to better understand the true threat poses by the USSR in Cuba. Almost the entire United States of America was within range of missile pointed towards America from Cuba. This image would be sure to strike fear into the hearts of Americans due to the fact it was a direct threat.