In this article, “Childhood and Intergenerational Poverty: The Long-Term Consequences of Growing up Poor” written by Robert Wagmiller and Robert Adelman, states children from low income family faces more challenges and children living in poverty has an increases chance of being poor in adulthood. In the beginning of the article, they gave us an overview of evidence-based research of intergenerational poverty by studying both parent’s and children’s. The researches are inconclusive and differentiate by time frame. Using the PSID, Isaacs’ concluded that children income is greater than their parents. Isaacs explained that children who are poor will spend their childhood in poverty.
How Kids Handle Poverty Social class, in and of itself can affect how people live and perceive life in its entirety. Social class is where someone exists in comparison to others, this is altered by many traits such as economic status and marital status, but also depends on inborn traits such as race and gender. One’s social class usually can be seen in their peers, habits and lifestyle choices. This inarguably affects a person’s life greatly; and in most cases, is the foundation upon which people build their lives, unless they find some form of dissatisfaction and seek to reside within another social class.
The consequences of poverty are long and severe throughout a lifetime. Child poverty merits attention because a substantial body of research links poverty with lower levels of a child’s well-being. For a variety of reasons, when compared with children from more affluent families, poor children are more likely to have low academic achievement, they are more likely to drop out of school, have health, behavioral, language and emotional problems. Poverty affects a child’s development and educational outcomes beginning in the earliest years. These linkages are particularly strong for children whose family’s experience the deep controlling cycle of poverty.
Poverty can adversely affect the population in so many ways. Families living in poverty can face emotional and social challenges, cognitive lacks and health and safety issues and acute and chronic stresses. Levels of stress increase with the economic circumstances. Subsequent poverty and job loss are associated with violence in families, including child and elder abuse. These families are also more likely to be exposed to illnesses, job loss, eviction, criminal victimization and family death. Children living in constant poverty also show the worst cognitive development, compared to children from higher socio-economic backgrounds ("Hunger and poverty", 2017).
According to research taken in a U.S. Census, many people continue to live in poverty even though the state is recovering from the recession that occurred in 2007-2008. Poverty greatly affects any children that may be living in the poverty-stricken home in a positive and a negative way. Poverty can stunt a child’s long term outcomes,
This is very interesting to me because a lot of people equate poverty with neglect and this is not the case, just because you may be poor doesn’t mean that you are a neglectful parent, there are children that live below the poverty level and their parents love them and nurture them and care for them better than a child that lives in a million dollar home. So just because you have money it doesn’t necessarily mean that you are caring for your child, you may not clean or cook or know how to nurture your own child and that is a form of neglect. Now because a family is living in poverty the stress of that may cause neglect, and that is the economic theory of child neglect, so there are some families that live in poverty and are perfectly happy still loving and nurturing their children, and there are some families that can’t handle the poverty that in turn causes stress and in some cases may result in neglect, that is an example of that fine line. There are many
Child Poverty in the U.S About nine months after conception, newborns come out of the wombs and come to the world. The newborns must be the most beautiful gift the mothers have ever received. It is always moved that the mothers finally see their babies after have waited for long time. The newborns start their new journey in the world. Meanwhile, the babies will embody tomorrow’s world.
Claim: poverty as being a risk factor for behavior problems at an early age. This is a study of children from 1 ½ years to 5 years of age. B. This article states how poverty forms children behavioral development through its impact on parental psychological well-being. The report has a table that showed the mean levels of physical aggression and hyperactivity by age from 1 ½ to 5 years of age.
(Why health, poverty, inseparable…) Children are seriously affected by health care inequality. Children who grow up in low-income families have worse health than their more affluent peers (Working Families) and a UC Davis study has indicated that the stress of early life poverty may be associated with serious health problems into adulthood. This stresses the idea that healthcare and poverty should not be treated as two separate issues, but should instead be addressed together, as the data shows that poverty itself can make people
Theories (Erikson & Attachment) According to Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, trust vs. mistrust, occurs in the first year of life. Erikson believed that the caregiver’s response to the infant’s cries help them develop a sense of trust, when the caregiver responds right away to the infant’s distress of crying or fussing (Mooney, 2000). Erikson believed that in the earliest years of life, mainly during infancy, patterns of trust or mistrust are formed that control, or at least influence, a person’s actions or interactions for the rest of life (Erikson, 1950). Bowlby hypothesized that children are born with a predisposition to be attached to caregivers and that children will organize their behavior and thinking in order to maintain those relationships (Bettmann, 2006).
According to Hodgkinson et al, there are “disparities in poverty rates depending on age, race or ethnicity, family structure, and geographic location. Although the largest number of poor and low income children are white, minority children are disproportionately affected, particularly African American, American Indian, and Hispanic children. In 2013, Hispanic and African American children were ~3 times more likely than white and Asian children to be poor. Children raised by single parents and children raised in the South or West are also more likely to be poor or low income than children residing in the Northeast” (Hodgkinson et al, 2016). Children and youth are a vulnerable population because they have no control over their situation or environment;
Poverty puts extreme psychological stress on the minds of developing children leading to mental health cases that could be prevented. BJPsych Advances, a worldwide regarded medical research site states, “...income inequality produces psychological stress, which leads to deteriorating health and high mortality over time.” The stress of dealing with economic inequality impacts the health of low-income families. As stated by Online Database Issues and Controversies, “Children of poverty risks long-lasting damage to their brain… ultimately limits their ability to transcend their impoverished background.” The youth are becoming incapable of overcoming poverty and the widening social inequality continues to fall further behind the advances of the upper class.
The Effects of Growing up in Poverty Poverty is not a new phenomenon we are dealing with. It has been an issue from the foretime till now. Poverty gradually has continued and changed its form in a different manner that has created many problems for the new generations, for example, in the old days poverty implicated to lack land and food, but nowadays, poverty means lack of education, lack of food and water, lack of money and much more. The main cause of poverty is a lack of money or income which has created a very critical situation in local and international society. These critical situations are child labor, hunger, health problems and much more that we are dealing with nowadays.
These statistics are overwhelming due to the fact that child poverty affects all areas of their lives. Children exposed to poverty at such a young age are at a disadvantage in several areas; these children are at risk of low academic achievement, resulting in lasting negative effects. Our economy is not able to thrive if child poverty continues. Children living in poverty are also at risk of dropping out of school, being unemployed, and entering the juvenile justice system. Our government is responsible for ensuring that child poverty ceases to be an issue in the United States.