How did it change things? What are the good and bad sides of things? The Great Awakening brought about a bitter debate. The people who supported the T.G.A often split from their old churches to form new churches. People warned that the movement was too emotional, but the growth of so many new churches forced colonists to become more tolerant to people who had different beliefs.
When working in the science fields there are many obstacles a person of faith may face. The biggest of these is the controversy over the concept of evolution and how the world came into being. Atheists and evolutionists are always trying to find ways to disprove God with science. However, after spending several years learning about how nature and chemicals work together to form our world it is hard for me to imagine that all of it came into existence without a creator. Throughout this book the author, Darrel R. Falk, argues from his personal journey as a professing evangelical Christian and biologist, that only science, and not scripture, can reveal the details of creation.
Many argue that the United States was founded on christian principles but, in the recent years there have been more instances where people challenge religion being used in the government. An example would be the pledge of allegiance that is recited nationwide every morning as school begins. The pledge of allegiance has a line that says as follows “Under God” which ,many people argue is unconstitutional. This particular cartoons portrays a setting in a courtroom where there is a man testifying to challenge the use of the line “under god”. In the cartoon the judge is saying “oh wait...before you can testify how the words under god in the pledge is an unconstitutional sanctioning of religion by government, please place your right hand on this bible and swear that you’ll tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you god”.
Americans have always been in search for bigger answers to life and seeking spiritual enlightenment. In the 1970’s new religions started to emerge many people flocked to new ideals and beliefs seeking a higher enlightenment. As a result of people searching for the meaning of life or a higher power, religious cults became prevalent in American society in the 1970’s. Most cults have some foundation rooted in a Christian belief for example the Branch Davidians, church leader David Koresh was a former Seventh Day Adventist whose racial views had him removed from the church. Koresh then went on the form the Branch Davidians who was a doomsday cult who preached the world would soon end and Koresh and his followers believed God spoke to directly to him.
The Scientific Revolution (1543-1688) consisted of thinkers who started to question the old “truths” about astronomy, chemistry, biology, and were now having a more secular outlook on the universe that did not solely revolve around God’s creation. This was also a time where the Catholic Church was doing its best to claim power over the people. However, people were no longer willing to accept all of the church’s ideas. The church still held the majority if power so thinkers who were brave enough to publically contradict the church were executed. As more thinkers started working together and hypothesis turned into undeniable facts, some secular ideas were accepted.
“The Christian Response to Atheism: Dostoevsky”). Many characters in Dostoevsky writings voice their philosophical beliefs on God and religion. Alyosha and Zosima advocate for a Christian lifestyle and acknowledge that, “those who kill God also kill man” (Mcinerny, Ralph. “The Christian Response to Atheism: Dostoevsky”). Others such as Ivan and Prince Myshkin either refuse to accept God out of pride or attack the Church, especially the Catholic Church, with false or misunderstood principles.
Scientists like Copernicus and Galileo began to question dogmas instituted by the Church and undermined its influence. The Copernican theory, although true, contradicted the beliefs of the Church even while supported with evidence. Throughout this time period, the people steered away from the religion and the Church as a result of the Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution. However, an egalitarian society did not form. While the Scientific Revolution furthered human understanding, it did not favor a society based on equality and it deemed women as “weaklings” (Blanning 75).
Michael Servetus denied that Jesus Christ was the Son of God. In addition, he denied the idea of paedobaptism, which in turn, furthered him from the Catholic and Protestant churches. Before coming to this heretical belief, Michael Servetus became involved with Protestant leaders and was even a Protestant himself but that all changed. Once he began to write and publish books, it was all downhill from there. His books were analyzed by the Caltholic Church and that is when they condemned him as a heretic.
Williams suggests that the founders thought that the Electoral College was a sensible plan, but things don’t always work out how they should (28). It is a relic of America’s predemocratic past when leaders were scared of having too much power over the people (Klinker, McClellan 1). Congressional Digest suggests that we are stuck in a time warp (31). We still rely on a horse-and-buggy election system in the age of the internet (Congressional Digest 31). Congressional Digest points out the fact that voters today know more about the candidates than they did 200 years ago (19).
This is where a lot of people argue whether Calvinism is the founder to Calvinism or not. There are some people who say Calvinism cannot be introduced as a reformation because the modern calvinism is not what the Calvinism used to be, so it doesn’t exist anymore. And the others would say modern calvinism still has connection with the past, and the past Calvinism was reformed due to John Calvin. I don’t agree with John Calvin having responsibility to Calvinism, because if he had his teachings clear, people can’t change the laws of Calvinism by themselves. This point supports how it is not clear if Calvinism had actually reformed or not.
Puritanism was a religious movement that was created after the Church of England’s insufficient reform. This occurred after King Henry VIII transformed the the Church of Rome into the state Church of England. This change was inadequate and left many people dissatisfied with the newly reformed church. As of this, a popular group of Puritans were formed in the late 16th centaury to live a life closer to God. This group of radicals were persecuted for their overly religious ways and were forced to relocate to North America.