Summary: The Revolution Of Agriculture

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Chapter 2: First Farmers-The Revolution of Agriculture, 10,000 BCE to 3,000 BCE Questions:
1. What accounts for the emergence of agriculture after countless millennia of human life without it?
• The conclusion of the Ice Age (11,000 years ago) improved the climate considerably. Agriculture became possible; plants no longer would only freeze to death.
• Extinction of large animals that were a previously relied-upon resource forced humanity into discovering (or in this case, creating) new food.
2. In what different ways did the Agriculture Revolution take shape in various parts of the world?
• Within the Fertile Crescent, there were many easily domesticated plants and animals. This provided a plentiful resource from which settlers could partake
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• Chiefdoms: A type of agricultural village society, which overlooked, and ruled, by an official chief. Chiefs did not subject force and relied more so on their inherent charisma in order to persuade their peoples.
6. How did chiefdoms differ from stateless agricultural village societies?
• Chiefs relied on their inherent charisma to appeal and persuade their people, Agricultural village societies had large assemblies in which they would agree upon resolutions for conflict.
• Chiefdoms had one specific leader opposed to a complete lack of authoritative figures.
• Agricultural village societies were almost free of distinguished inequality, while Chiefdoms certainly had prominent social inequalities. Terms:
• Agricultural Revolution: A revolutionary and purposeful change from the hunting and gathering lifestyle, humans began to grow specific plants and domesticate, then breed, wild animals as to expand their own resources.
• Banpo: Its remains uncovered in 1953, Banpo is a city near (present-day) Xian in which about 500 people lived and spent their time domesticating animals, collected grain, and made
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