Which leads to the rebuttal of the argumentative piece, “Curiously, most members of Congress who take a hard line on immigration also strongly oppose increasing the minimum wage, claiming it will hurt businesses and reduce jobs” (Dukakis & Mitchell, 2006). Nonetheless the authors have an exception to this rebuttal, that is if “We want to reduce illegal immigration, it makes sense to reduce the abundance of extremely low-paying jobs that fuels it. If we raise the minimum wage, it’s possible some low- end jobs may be lost; but more Americans would also be willing to work in such jobs, thereby denying them to people who aren’t supposed to be here in the first place” Assuming that most american citizens are going to work, they would take up all the jobs provided out there, assuming that the minimum wage went up and they would be payed better (Dukakis & Mitchell,
Representative Luis Gutiérrez was born and raised in Chicago, Illinois. In his freshman year of high school his parents decided to move back to their home town, San Sebastián, Puerto Rico. Reluctantly, he followed his parents to Puerto Rico where he learned to speak Spanish. After moving back to Chicago, he found a passion in advocating for undocumented immigrants who are struggling to make ends meet due to their status. In 2009 he introduced the bill CIR-ASAP (Comprehensive Immigration Reform for America 's Security and Prosperity Act). This bill was created to help undocumented immigrants obtain citizenship that had a noncriminal history and to improve the border security. With the accomplishment of CIR-ASAP, Gutiérrez embarked to tackle
Immigration has always been a major part of American history. Each year, hundreds of thousands of people travel to the United States in search of a better life. Of the 1.49 million immigrants who traveled to the United States in 2016, 150,400 immigrants were from Mexico. There have also been many people from Mexico who have immigrated illegally to America, with 5.6 million Mexican unauthorized immigrants living in the U.S. in 2015 and 2016. The large scale of immigration, both legal and illegal, has brought up issues such as national security and the U.S. economy. The U.S. Senate is struggling to find a viable solution; they can’t seem to come up with a plan on how to deal with immigration that appeases both sides of the political spectrum.
The United States has had a long and troubled history with immigrants and the citizens’ reactions to immigrants. For many, pro-immigration equates to anti-economy. The popular belief that immigrants take jobs from citizens, drive down wages, and lead to the eventual recession of the economy has generated widespread anti-immigrant perceptions. Held to more scrutiny, though, the historical evidence points to immigration being beneficial to both the native population and the immigrant population. Even still, vocal hardline opponents of immigration in recent years has caused the US to adopt stricter immigration policies.
Social and political activist and a recipient of Presidential Medal of Freedom, Gloria Steinem also joined the cause supporting the immigration reform. Women’s groups, such as immigration group We Belong Together expressed the hope that Steinem’s “star power of feminist activist” would help to propel them forward and bring women to the forefront of conversations surrounding immigration reform. Majority of the women’s groups viewed the proposed legislation as the one disadvantaging immigrant women and offering no protection to them. Women are mostly employed as domestic workers, unlike men, who work in construction, agriculture and tech industries, nevertheless women’s rights groups had their reasons to advocate in favor of the bill. They believed, that voting against the bill and the inaction of the House “is really a vote against women, children, and families.”
Desiree Ripoll Professor Heuer ENC 1102 5/30/2017 Increasing the Minimum Wage is Good for America Raising the minimum wage is not only beneficial to those who are struggling financially, America’s economy would benefit from this as well. Doug Hall and David Cooper express how increasing the minimum wage would be a tool for modest job creation in the article “Raising the Minimum Wage Would Help Lower-Income Workers”. In the article “Is a $15 minimum wage economically feasible?” Jeannette Wick-Lims discusses how raising the minimum wage is good for the economy if we adapt to the changes accordingly.
As of January of 2013, illegal immigrants who are immediate relatives of American citizens have a simpler approach to residency if they can prove “extreme hardship” occurs with time apart from each other (Bennett, “White Houses Eases Path to Residency…”). Constitutionality, or lack thereof, became a delicate issue in immigration reform through the controversial Arizona provision of 2010, known as the SB 1070, which allowed for officials to inquire about legal status with “reasonable suspicion,” even if that was not the original reason for arresting the individual, as stated in the Senate bill. Professor of Law Paul Bender at Arizona State University immediately recognized the potential for immorality and unconstitutionality: “reasonable suspicion” of legal status becomes a game of racial profiling and will almost certainly be used to target non-Anglos (Savage, “Supreme Court Rejects Most of Immigration Law”). Although the Supreme Court allowed the “show me your papers” aspect of the bill, it removed clauses
Economists suspect higher wages will make the idea of dropping out of high school more attractive to young adults who are eager to make some quick cash (Coats). Another phenomenon is more racism in the job market. As employers have less money to spend on employees some of the more racist proprietors may be biased towards “their own people” (Coats). Finally, there is the most dangerous of the possible results, automation. Companies, especially manufacturers, will turn toward automated replacements (Karsten, and West).
The United States was established by European immigrants over 300 years ago when they first came to the New World. Most citizens are in the US because their ancestors migrated to the US many years ago. Only 2 percent of Americans are part Native American, meaning that they were here before the Pilgrims came. Immigrants are what make our country diverse and so successful, bringing in a variety of different cultures. Our country has a long history of immigration of which is an important piece of our diverse backgrounds.
Research on the economic effects of undocumented immigrants is scarce but existing studies suggests that the effects are positive for the country that they are in. Consider a scenario where undocumented immigrants are granted legal status and citizenship during the year 2013 the U.S. GDP, would grow by $1.4 trillion over 10 years between 2013 and 2022. "Americans would earn an additional $791 billion in personal income over the same time period—and the economy would create, on average, an additional 203,000 jobs per year." (Lynch, Oakford) Over the span of five years undocumented immigrants would earn 25.1 percent more than they do now and $659 billion more from 2013 to 2022, meaning they would be benefiting in
The concern of American citizens is that illegal immigrants who are willing to take lower wages for willing work are suppressing wages around the country. These immigrants set a precedent for employers where the illegal immigrant worker becomes a top priority because of it is easy to save money when you don’t have to pay workers a high wage. Additionally, the downward pressure on wages is getting so extreme that illegal immigrants are being targeted for jobs on farms, golf courses, and maintenance positions within businesses. However, it is truly unfair to the ignorant worker and the American citizen. The American government needs to step up and ensure that legally documented citizen get first priority in
Next, are jobs low-paid because workers are low skilled and have low productivity? The fact that today’s low-wage workers in the US are more educated, with 41% having at least some college qualifications, up from 29% in 2000 implied that low-paid jobs are not attributed to low-skilled or low productivity (The New York times, March 16, 2014; Bosch, 2009). Finally, the question about whether raising wages would lead to job loss has two schools of thought which we re-visit in the later section.
Undocumented immigrants are frequently forced into slavery in service jobs, such as maids, cooks, or construction work. These people are given meager salaries and are threatened with being reported to the authorities if they strike or complain. To combat this, our immigration system needs to be overhauled. A path to citizenship will ensure that the same laws can protect all people working in the US. This idea may seem like a stretch to some, but given the current political environment more Americans are paying attention to the issue of immigration than ever before.