The price will raise when a government prints too much money, because the money loses some its value. To make up this loss of money the government or even businesses will raise prices. This is called inflation in the economic world. 10. How does the economy affect your personal
This curve became widely used by policymakers to control unemployment and inflation by manipulating the opposite variable. Acknowledging the inverse relationship between inflation and unemployment shown in the Phillips Curve, Phelps agreed that inflation depends on unemployment and vice-versa, but he challenged the curve's theoretical foundation and argued that the government should not use the curve as a basis for policy. He noted that when the government attempts to lower unemployment below its natural rate through expansionary monetary or fiscal policy, demand increases and firms respond by raising prices faster than anticipated by workers. With higher prices, firms receive a higher revenue and are able to hire more workers. When workers see that their wages have risen, they supply more labor, leading to a lower unemployment rate.
The effect of increasing the wage of workers who are at the minimum wage can encourage them. The marginal cost of wage is recovered by less absenteeism, turnover, and more productivity. The labor factor has not a constant return to scale as the contrary of capital, it has to be skilled and there are some variations in its production. We have for example to take in consideration the cost training cost (a fixed cost) before making an output. Workers during this period of formation are a sunk cost because they produce no output or a low output.
Wealthy people have a higher income and consequently spend less of each marginal dollar, which caused the economic growth to slow. Economic inequality is also one of the reasons of the Great Depression that occurred in the United States in August 1929. The Great Depression period was when the country first went into an economic recession. This period caused massive unemployment and an economic downturned. Income inequality can also cause a lower demand.
On the other side, low-income earners are not expected to purchase the company products in bulk or frequently. Nevertheless, consumer income is widely affected by the rate of inflation which determines the amount of money they receive as salaries and wages as well as the prices of the company’s product. Inflation is widely defined as the continued increase in prices of products and consumers.
Inflation is the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising, and, then purchasing power falling over a period of time. When price level rises, dollar buys fewer goods and services. Therefore, inflation results in loss of value of money. Inflation is divided into two categories Cost-push and Demand pull inflation: Cost-push inflation means that prices have been hiked up by increases in costs of any of the four factors of production such as (labor, capital, land or entrepreneurship) when companies are already running at maximum production capability. With higher production costs and productivity at it maximum, companies cannot maintain profits by producing the same amounts of goods and services.
They feel that inflation is the main problem of an economy and they can help deter inflation. They can buy and sell bonds to increase or decrease the money supply helping to keep prices stable and inflation constant. Monetarist strongly believe in the idea of one big central banks controlling the money supply going out ot the smaller banks. One tool montarist can use in terms of monetary policy is changing the reserve ratio. In other words, it is the amount of money that the banks can lend out to investors.
A more detrimental impact on the current minimum wage in our economy is the inflation rates and the fact that inflation tends to reduce the populations purchasing power of money. According to input by McConnell, Brue, and Flynn, inflation is caused by an excess of total spending that exceeds a firm’s production volume (McConnell Pg 206). In other words, by raising the minimum wage and creating human stimulus, businesses can reach full employment and maximum output. Minimum wage affects inflation because inflation imposes a domino effect in overall economic health and success. Increased costs reduce supply resulting in less total output and employment cuts.
Raising the minimum wage will ruin our economy. Look at the big picture, businesses and companies will struggle or close, poverty will increase, and the price of consumer goods will rise. There are a few things that let economists know how the economy is doing at the moment. They’re called economic indicators, and 2 of them are consumer confidence and unemployment rate. The more people that are unemployed, the less money being used to buy things which hurts the economy.
In the job market, the increase in minimum wage will cause a shortage, making it less profitable for companies to employ many workers. This will result in higher unemployment. In response to such criticisms, the government has come up with a concept called the “voluntary living wage,” which is an “attempt to encourage firms to pay higher wages” (Economics Help). A living wage is an “hourly wage rate considered the minimum level to provide the essentials of modern living” (Pettinger, 2012). To put it into simpler words, a living wage is an adjusted type of wage that takes into account the average price level of the country.