Summative Assessment In Education

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The term “assessment” in the field of education is an elaborate method of collecting, interpreting, recording and using the data of students’ responses to the curriculum taught (Fisher, 1995). Assessment in school can be broadly categorised into two parts; formative assessment and summative assessment. In my observations, I have seen teachers using both the types of assessments. Formative assessment is when, teachers provide immediate feedback to students after their lesson. It aims at understanding and motivating students to improve the standard of their work. On the other hand, summative assessment happens on a periodic basis, which gives the students levels of their academic achievements, which is relative to others or to the objectives…show more content…
Assessment for learning (AfL) helps to inform learners where they are in terms of the activity they just completed, what their next steps are and in what area they need to focus.During one of my observations of an English lesson in Year 6, I noticed that the teacher spent an entire lesson asking the students to self –assess themselves on an APP grid (Assessing Pupils’ Progress).Once the students highlighted the targets they had already met, they were then given their next Assessment Focus targets by the teacher. This target setting sheet was so strategically placed in their book that the students could refer to them while doing their next piece of work. “A good practice is to set objectives, target or learning outcomes that are specific, distinct and achievable within five to ten minutes” (Wright, 2005…show more content…
It is argued that the only drawback this kind of assessment has been, that teachers are unable to find sufficient time to carry out such dialogues with the students on a regular basis. In contrast to the evidence which presents the view that formative assessment helps students monitor their learning on a day- to –day basis, summative assessment is done on a periodic basis to summarise the information about the students achievement at a particular time (Harlen et al., 2002). Summative assessments can be done by 1) collecting evidence of formative assessments over a period of time or 2) it could be that teachers collect new information about the pupils learning at the end of a learning period. This could be done in a form of a test. Teachers in the school that I observed give a report to the students every term. Here students are given grades based on their overall achievements of their formative assessments and their test scores. Students get to know how they’ve performed over a period of time, their consistency in performance. It suggested by some that, summative assessment is more productive and helpful to older students who are enterning higher education or the ones who are looking for a job after completing their university (Kyriacou,
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