Different locations will include different results, so one must be prepared. Machiavelli stresses the importance of being educated in war, because a regular person can become ruler with that knowledge. Depending on a State’s geographical area, a leader must be able to control the land. If the land is too large, the leader’s army will be stretched thin, and rebellion will occur. If the area is small, the subjects will be able to flee to bordering countries easily.
Therefore, because Rome was falling to other powers, and having his father being a minor official of the Roman Empire (Agustine, n.d.), he became very concerned with wartime moral values, leading him to write the Just War theory. The theory consisted of a set of principles that analyzed when it would be morally just to engage into warfare. His guidelines
Building on the previous point made about his perception of human passions being the main tool in the decision making process, Hobbes argues that individuals’ decision to enter society and ensure security is based on the ultimate aversion. It is more predominant than the ultimate appetite, so the fear of death is greater than the greed for power and a social contract is made where all men lose some of their individual power and submit their rights to the sovereign who therefore has the ultimate power in the society. This vast amount of power given to him by the people is very effective in making laws by which he doesn’t abide. In a society, everyone has to only obey and fear the sovereign now, which provides security to the people by protecting them from each other and creating a sense of trust among them. Since all decisions are made by one sovereign, this kind of structure enables immediate decision making and resembles an absolute monarchy, the most effective government regime according to
Machiavelli selects the aspects of admirable historical figures to produce and describe his ideal prince. He says a prince should be fully committed to war and discipline because it is the only responsibility of one who commands. War should be a prince’s only focus and if he is to ever prioritize luxury over war, his title will be
The reason why realism can only really be used as an explanation for war is that the growth of another state’s power can only be perceived as threatening, even if it is done so defensively. States in this international system bound by the constructs of realism are unable to take a passive approach towards the balance of power, and are therefore encouraged to seize opportunistically what they can when the opportunity arises. Moreover, in the climate of the Cold War this system created powerful incentives for aggression . In 1951 Morgenthau stated that the United States and Russia were at a point where they “Can advance and meet in what is likely to be combat, or they can retreat and allow the other side to advance into what to them is precious ground.” Indeed this is what happened in Europe during the Cold War, deadlock and a status quo maintained a peace whereby war was avoided at all costs. However in the Middle East wars between the US and Soviet Union were fought by proxy and influence was to be gained via alliances.
Before I continue discussing the four natural enemies and how they relate to my life I feel it is prudent to give my view on them and how they differ from Don Juan’s. Don Juan states that one must completely beat the first enemy to fight the second and so on. He also says that once one beats an enemy that it is completely beaten and will bother a person no more save for the final enemy. I don’t believe that is the case for either of those statements. As I will discuss later, I don’t believe that any one can truly beat an enemy forever.
This paper represents the views and concepts on neo-realism/structural realism as propounded by American political scientist and international theorist Kenneth Waltz (June 8, 1924–May 12, 2013). His theories laid special emphasis on nuclear proliferation and international security best explained through his work “Theory of International Politics” published in 1979. Through his theories on structural realism Waltz aimed to cure the defects which existed in the theories propagated by classical realists i.e Morgenthau who imparted a more scientific approach into his concepts. This paper aims to provide an insight into the neo-realist conception fostered by Waltz, its features, its flaws and its critique from a constructivist perspective.
In his case, he rushed the process of conquering the state, which led to his failure. It is evident that Duke Ludovico has stronger armies for he is the resident and more powerful. It is important that as a leader, one should be patient in attaining his goal.
A great art is to take necessary steps in advance, not wait until the troubles break out. 'The Prince' teach us that there is no point in the relying on the beneficent time. Procrastination can bring undesirable effects with which, probably, will be hard to deal after. 'War can not be avoided; it can only be defferred to the advantage of others.' (de Alvarez tr.
The shape of the land is an aid to an army; sizing up opponents to determine victory, assessing dangers and distances, is the right way of action for military leaders. Those who do battle knowing these will win, and those who battle without knowing these will lose. To obtain information of the terrain, a general can employ one of the troops to ask the locals about the history, changes, and disadvantages of using the terrain. If the territory belonged to the enemy, the general still have other ideas, which is capture the locals and spill out the information of the territory or award them to keep them