Sunspots Case Study

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The instructor was wrong in correcting the following answers: 1. William Herschel theory of life on the sun was motivated by which one of the following? The student answered, “By his observations of sunspots.” The instructor has crossed it as wrong. According to a peer-reviewed article, written by Kawaler, S. and Veverka, J. (1981) and published in Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Vol. 75, Hershel’s observations of sunspots have led him to believe that they [i.e., the sunspots] “were holes in the outer luminous layers of the sun, through which we glimpse a dark, cold solid interior” (p. 50). This observational premise has led him to determine that “the sun viewed in this light appears to be nothing else than a very eminent, large, and lucid planet” (Herschel as cited in Kawaler & Veverka, 1981, p. 51). Therefore, his observations of sunsposts have led him to state that the sun was similar to the “globes of the solar system” which “leads us to suppose that it is most probably inhabited, like the rest of the planets” (Herschel, p. 51). The student’s answer is correct. The instructor is wrong. Kawaler, S. & Veverka, J. (1981). The…show more content…
1. Describe in detail what the Principle of Plenitude is. Discuss how this principle was employed by Christina scholars in the context of the Great Chain of Beings to argue for the existence of life elsewhere in the universe. (2) The student’s answer: The principle of plenitude states that everything exists in the universe. This principle was employed by Christian scholars in the context of the Great Chain of Beings to argue for the existence of life elsewhere in the universe because the principle of plenitude strengthens the idea of ETs existing because the principle describes “everything existing in our universe.” The Christian scholars used this to further their argument of ET’s existing, and the Great Chain categorizes every existing thing in our universe based on the size of their

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