CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Mention the gothic, and many readers will probably picture gloomy castles ... However, the truth is that the gothic genre has continued to flourish and evolve … producing some of its most interesting and accomplished examples in the 20th century-in literature, film and beyond – Carlos Ruiz Zafon.1 1.1. Gothic Meaning and Definition Notoriously, Gothic is hard to confine. This term signifies variety of meanings. As a historical term, Gothic derives from “Goth,” the name of one of the northern Germanic tribes that invaded the Roman Empire.
Following a long tradition of Romantic art and literature,melodrama, phantasmagoric theatre and expressionism, gothic films have a recognisable mise-en-scène based around characters, settings, familiar visual signifiers. The common characteristics include
Having been adapted for a variety of media, the Frankenstein myth has become part of modern culture. However, when Frankenstein was first published, critics typically looked upon the novel as another addition to Gothic fiction, a genre unworthy of serious literary analysis. Early Victorian critics held the same viewpoint, though later scholars began to appreciate the psychological depth beneath the horror in Frankenstein. Critics have also focused on the prometheanism in the novel, an aspect that Shelley herself highlighted in the book 's subtitle. This line of inquiry, which continues to engage critics, likens Dr. Frankenstein to the Greek mythic figure who wreaks his own destruction through abuse of power.
As the best examples such as “The Devil and Tom Walker”, “The Spectre Bridegroom” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” etc. are full of mysteries and enigmas. In novels focusing on parody of European attributes of romanticism Washington Irving created the unexampled masterpieces. “Rip Van Winkle” being one of the unexampled works of Washington Irving combines gentle and perfect humor. This story is Irving’s imaginative reworking of an old German tale in which his valuable parody professionally covered.
A story of creation and loss, Mary Shelley 's Frankenstein is one of the most renowned books of the gothic style. A story written in 1818, the novel is in true form with the romantic works of the era. Grandeur, not only in plot and emotional impact but in wording and phrasing as well. We’ve all seen Frankenstein in some form; whether that be a bad 80’s horror movie or the more comedic Gene Wilder film. The similarities pretty much stop with the monster though.
This affected his composition and actually, the English Gothic novel began with his 'Gothic story '; 'The Castle of Otranto '. Fundamentally, a Gothic novel is said to incorporate sorcery, riddle, heavenly, uncanny and tension. The interpretation of a Gothic novel contrasts from reader to reader. A Gothic work is to have a unquestionable mixing of remote setting, destroyed strongholds, dilapidated houses, mazes, cells, dull halls, cellar, moonlight, candles, winding stairs, fierce interests, inbreeding, odd fixation, and condemnations. This sort makes sentiments of agony, riddle, dread, tension since their point is to investigate humankind 's dull side and question humanity about what is great and underhandedness, address what part the powerful shows, and experience dread or fear.
Matthew Lewis’ The Monk and Ann Radcliffe’s The Italian are two of the most iconic Gothic novels of the Eighteenth Century, both written only a year apart and one in response to other. It is of no surprise that both novels have various subjects in common—one of these, the Supernatural. Ghostlike forces, specters, demons and locations are approached differently in The Monk and The Italian, one uses the supernatural deliberately—and in a much larger role—while the other uses the supernatural to heighten certain scenes of terror. Certainly, both novels use it as a shock factor, but furthermore both use it for different reasons in their novels. We will contrast the ways that the supernatural is used and presented—and later enforced or dispelled—to discern the role it has on both novels.
Gothic Literature is a genre that was popular between 18th to 19th centuries in North Germany. It is always being associated with Dark Romanticism which the emphasize was more on nature, terror and death, horror and many more. It involves dark and gloomy setting and also unexplainable things that are beyond human senses and reason such as ghosts and monsters. The main characters, on the other hand, are always ineffectual which they do not give much effect on the story plot. This can be seen through Washington Irving’s “Rip van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” which can be considered as American gothic work in terms of its description of setting, the involvement of supernatural element in the story and also the characteristics of the main character.
During the 1800s Dark Romanticism, sometimes referred to as Gothic Romanticism, entered the world of literature. Unlike the writings before this time, Dark Romanticism showed the sinful thoughts that had not been previously shown in the world. Unlike the previous fiction stories or novels such as fairytales that used creative, positive stories to escape reality, these dark and sometimes supernatural writings eluded reality by taking its readers into disturbing and sometimes sacrilegious situations. Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne both used symbols to illustrate elements of Dark Romanticism. The symbols within the stories of these great writers revealed the impending darkness and gloom that characterized Dark Romanticism.
The solid symbolism of loathsomeness and ill-use in Gothic books uncovers truths to us through sensible apprehension, not supernatural disclosure. Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick expounds on the same thought in her article, "The Structure of the Gothic Tradition," and she includes that the thought of a hero having a battle with a repulsive, dreamlike individual or power is an analogy for a singular 's battle with quelled feelings or considerations (Sedgwick 1). Exemplifying the quelled thought or feeling offers quality to it and shows how one, if got ignorant, is overcome with the illegal
During Edgar Allen Poe’s life-time he expressed gothic tendencies and his strong telling in The Fall of the House of Usher. The suspense of the book gives an eerie feeling to readers. Even though the narrator in the story might be scared along with the readers, the narrative gives off an understanding that everything is delirious and strange in ways. Throughout the short story, the narrator interferes with grotesque characters, bizarre situations, and violent events. Imagery has a well-known effect throughout the story, it shows you how it happens through words.