This supernatural prophecy drove Macbeth into murdering Duncan and Banquo. Another supernatural element in the play is Banquo’s ghost, which caused Macbeth to go insane and ultimately led to his downfall. In The Crucible, the puritan society has a role in the downfall of the protagonist. Witchery is a supernatural element perceived as the undertaking of the devil, which is strictly forbidden in the Puritan society, and is prevented with execution. As previously stated, John Proctor is executed because of this supernatural element.
This is Macbeth hallucinating, but is a clear premonition of what is to come and this is displayed yet again through Lady Macbeth’s cry “Come, you spirit that tend on my mortal thoughts”. Here, Lady Macbeth is talking to evil spirits that she believes are inside her head. This relates to King James the First as it is well documented he had an interest in witchcraft. He once attended a witchcraft trial and in 1597 King James published a book on witchcraft. This proves that the political context of King James the First plays a huge role in the drama of the play In Macbeth, there are many supernatural elements that all contribute to a psychological thriller.
He even informs his most beloved, Lady Macbeth, who also shares his ambition. The play is about treachery and manipulation. First, the witches manipulate Macbeth which sets off the chain reaction, then Lady Macbeth manipulates Macbeth into committing regicide and afterwards Macbeth manipulates the murderers into killing Banquo and his son Fleance. Shakespeare reveals that the witches are being controlled by higher supernatural powers, "call 'em. Let me see 'em," shocking the Jacobean audience and as a result creating doubt and fear of the unknown.
There comes a point in life where some people are faced with an opportunity to do an illegal act. Macbeth is faced with a chance to end King Duncan’s life and to become King himself, as Lady Macbeth had just come to him and made him aware of her plans to murder Duncan. In Macbeth’s soliloquy during Act I scene VII, he uses an apprehensively foreboding tone to convey how conflicted he is to the readers. The purpose of this speech is for Macbeth to explain why killing Duncan is a horrible idea. Also, Macbeth’s faith in the three witches is a big reason he decides to do and they are why Lady Macbeth created the idea to kill the King.
The dagger is shown in Macbeth as one of Macbeth’s hallucinations as he sees it as “a dagger which I see before me, / The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee” (2.1.40-41). The dagger that Macbeth sees represents evil as it is pushing Macbeth to commit the crime of killing King Duncan. Without the dagger in the play, the play would change because Macbeth may not have been able to kill King Duncan, resulting in his prophecy to not come true. This thus shows the significance of the air drawn dagger.
The tragic downfall is a common plot element used in tragedies. In Shakespeare’s Macbeth this rings true as a noble man is engrossed with blind ambition and becomes a tyrant. Shakespeare uses witches and fate to lead Macbeth to his own downfall and demise. The witches use prophecies to entice Macbeth that what he is doing is right and everything will work out in his favor. The prophecies also affect other characters into persuading him into committing acts that he normally would not do if it weren’t for the false hope that the witches had given him.
One reason this may be, has to do with their evil fortune for Macbeth. They left Macbeth with a riddle which then lead him to “profound” actions. Another note about the witches is that Shakespeare had created a scene of them doing real magic. This is what people think had caused real witches to place a curse on the play. The witches were offended (“Supernatural”).
Second of all, foreshadowing the event that did not happen was another function of the supernatural things. The witches' prophecies made the audience predict how the story was unfolded. Macbeth was affected in a great deal with these prophecies. He told his wife, Lady Macbeth, of a prophecy that he heard. This made them start to have ambitions towards the crown, and to kill King Duncan.
The production revolves around a guilt-ridden man, who falls deep in the rabbit hole of insanity. Perhaps the greatest example of Macbeth’s insanity is his hallucination preceding the murder of Duncan: “Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee.” (II, i, 33-35). With Macbeth’s accounts of events being cast into doubt, the line between reality and illusion is blurred when Macbeth sees the ghost of Banquo in his seat. Although Banquo’s ghost is most likely Macbeth’s insanity, the possibility that the ghost is there simply to torture Macbeth, as he believes that “It will have blood, they say.
and obtains the title, which trigger an arrogant and self-absorbed thinking leading to madness and finally, death. The play seems to bring up the question, whether Macbeth is fully responsible of his own destiny, or under control of fate. In the first glance, the play seems to take rather fatalistic direction, meaning that we are powerless to make decisions as they are inevitably determined by supernatural power (Hugh 1)) It is due to the presence of supernatural forces throughout the whole play that systematically fulfills the prophecy; therefore the witches represent the idea of fate in the play. However, Shakespeare seems to rather intertwine fate with free will and perhaps even promotes the second philosophy as the play evolves. Free Will over Fate in Macbeth This theory is obvious in a scene, where Macbeth is consciously deciding to kill king Duncan.