Supply Chain Management: Strategic Supply Chain Management Methods

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10.Strategic supply chain management tools: Strategic supply chain management is an umbrella term, including several methods, with no clear definition, especially in the case of perishable products. One of the key methods is to comprehend the supply chain not just as something to transport items from A to B at the lowest possible price, but also as a strategic asset. Having a better supply chain than one's competitors is an opportunity to gain a higher market share, for example, by being able to provide new products to the market faster, being able to produce and deliver customer-specific products with lower lead times or just being able to deliver better quality products.

10.1.Single or multihop communication:
We start our consideration
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Temperature monitoring includes both measurement and recording.
Temperatures can be measured directly (contact with the food) or indirectly (measuring the environment or between packages). The common stages of investigation for temperature checks are:

• Inspect air temperature recorders and thermometers to ascertain the temperature history of the product.
• Visually check the product appearance, looking for signs of thawing. These may include: evidence of drip loss, ice on the inside of the package, soiled packaging.
• Undertake a non-destructive investigation by measuring the temperature between adjacent packages or boxes.
• Undertake measurements with a pre-cooled probe and ensure good surface contact. Ensure the probe has good thermal conductivity and a low heat mass.
• Apply sufficient pressure between the probe and the package to obtain a good measurement. The probes should be inserted to a depth sufficient to immerse completely the temperature-sensitive part of the probe, and also to minimise errors from heat conduction from other
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Reference should be made to the food producer and relevant EU directives (e.g. 92/2/EEC for official procedures for measurements, 93/43/EEC for hygiene of foodstuffs.

12. Challenges of temperature monitoring in food supply chains
Significant technological advances has been made in the field of temperature monitoring systems. On the one side several novel systems have been developed and on the other side existing solutions have been radically improved. The implementation of such technologies can be useful for continuous monitoring and control of the temperature. The successful implementation of sophisticated solutions is still a challenge for an organisation.

12.1. Intra-organizational challenges

1. Linking the product characteristics with temperature data

 Temperature sensitivity: Due to different factors like aw-value and gas composition inside the package, the products show different sensitivity to temperature. Till now the available temperature range and sensitivity is insufficient because it doesn’t correlate with specific

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