Supreme Court Case: Gitlow V. New York

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One major court decision during Coolidge’s presidency was Gitlow v. New York. This case started in 1919 when Benjamin Gitlow was arrested in New York for criminal anarchy. This state law made advocating the overthrow of the government by force illegal. Gitlow was arrested for the distribution of a “left-wing manifesto” that encouraged the overthrow of the government by any means necessary. During his trial, Gitlow argued freedom of speech clause of the first amendment and that since no violence actually ensued as a result of this publication, he should not be convicted. However, he was still charged and his conviction was upheld in state appellate court. After arguments were presented to the Supreme Court in 1923, a ruling was issued in 1925
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