Using words such as wicked and princes of hell, Luther successfully illustrates his main criticisms of the Catholic church of how they have restricted reform and “practiced all their villainy wickedness” with the protection of the three walls. The first criticism Luther makes is about the hierarchal structure of the church and the separation it creates. He calls this the first wall. It is Luther’s belief that all Christians are equal in the eyes of god.
The infamous new Atheists have taken this form of argumentation and use it to argue for the merits of atheism over theism. This is a development that seems to be rooted in this new militant form of atheism, and goes something like this: If atheism is true, then I will have freedom and intellectual honesty, and it won’t matter if I’m not a Theist, because God doesn’t exist. If a good god does turn out to exist, he will forgive me. On the other hand if I’m a Christian, I must be sexually and morally constrained, and believe in a God I find to be morally abhorrent.
Blaming God, blaming another person, blaming yourself. Hefling discusses why humans always mess things up which additionally takes some of the blame. Humans allow evil to occur in their lives by accepting that evil will always get the best of them in the end. Hefling also examines human habit, that can take the blame for their shortcomings. He argues that habits become second nature which leads to the questioning of one’s responsibility for their actions.
Dante’s Inferno focuses on spirituality and sin, whereas in Susan E. Blow’s article, Dante’s “Inferno”, the author ignores Christianity. Christians bear the burden of making conscious decisions and to ignore wrong thoughts or evil things. Dante believes that Christians must avoid evil doings or experience the wrath of God. Blow states that through sin a person learns wisdom. When discussing the “Inferno”, Blow notes that “view that sin ultimately rests is, that man can only learn what he is, by finding out what he is not, and that the violation of his ideal nature reveals him to himself”(123).
The intellectual post-apocalyptic novel The Chrysalids by John Wyndham mentions Alan Ervin, a minor character that causes tremendous havoc. Alan follows the rules set for Waknuk, blindly. He believes that the Norm in Waknuk is “The Will of God”. Ervin will harm abnormal people, to uphold his teachings.
Inflicting vengeance in return of someone’s wrong doing on their hands is what revenge is defined. It can be also defined as Montresor. Montresor seemed to be have been insulted varies times from the high powered and well liked Fortunato, so he vowed revenge. In fact, it had to be a malicious act in which he must exempted from consequences.
In Chapter II of The Gnostic Gospels, “One God, One Bishop”, Pagels outline how the Orthodox Christians seek to exclude the Gnostics with a creed that confirms one true God. Pagels intent is to describe how both religions differentiate in their meaning of how God shows his sovereignty. The creed was to help identify the Orthodox from the Gnostics “by confessing one God, who is both “Father Almighty” and “Maker of heaven and earth” (28). The Gnostics claim the Orthodox Christians worship a false God because of their “all-good” God creating a fallen world. Through discovering texts in history, Pagels support a claim from Marcion (a dualist) who believes there are two different Gods.
Revenge is a form of savagery because Revenge is “the action of inflicting hurt or harm on someone for an injury or wrong suffered at their hands.” (Dictionary) revenge is getting back at those who have done wrong, which is savagery, doing harm to someone because harm was done to them first is wrong because oftentimes the revenge ends up building up and escalating. Wars are an example of revenge in savagery, war is an armed conflict on other nations, picking on smaller countries or countries that have done or said something and need to be “taught a lesson”. “An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind. ”(Gandhi)
The pursuit of vengeance regardless of all consequences and collateral damage is a fundamental aspect of the human condition. In both literature and reality great acts of violence are the products of retribution. Subsequently, this theme of avenging a wrong is central to both Hamlet and The Count of Monte Christo. Revenge is unpredictable and often causes unforeseen pain, making generally undesirable. Attempting to enact vengeance upon a single person may often cause unintentional harm to innocent people.
I personally learned that when people act the way they do, there is a reason behind it, even when it seems their actions are crazy. Although these acts of murder are another level of radicalism, we need to realize why Shelley showed how greed and torment killed not only the life of the monster, but the tormenter himself. It needs to be looked at by society that every action has an equal and opposite reaction, and we need to treat all people equally. Earlier I used to feel hatred for the anger people showed negatively, but now my thoughts have changed to analyze the reason of their anger instead of just seeing the
Another story of St. Martin using nonviolence in the face of imminent death was when he offered his neck to an assassin. In the village of the Edu Martin was overthrowing a temple. In retaliation an angry mob of nonbelievers rush upon St. Martin. A member of the mob attacked St. Martin with a drawn sword and Martin oddly reacts by offering his bare neck to the heathen. However, before striking the nonbeliever is struck with the fear of God and begs Martin for forgiveness.
Peter’s Basilica. Like his earlier peers that stood for a Church reformation, Martin Luther disagreed with the selling of indulgences and wrote the immediately popular 95 Theses, mainly attacking the misuse of German money and the Pope’s control over Purgatory. He argued that the letters Paul writes to the Greek Churches in the Book of Romans emphasised “the just shall live by faith” alone, instead of relying on financial transactions that would guarantee a person’s cleansing from sin. According to the New Testament, Jesus had came to Earth to die for all of humanity’s sins, and to put a monetary price to salvation would demean the significance and sacrifice He had done out of grace alone. Luther went on to question the Church, reasoning if Christian practices had came to be corrupted, then it was possible its teaching were as well.
Martin Luther concluded that the Bible says that the just shall live by faith alone and that God was the only one that forgives sin. He believed that salvation was God’s free gift and was disturbed to see that the people in his parish were deceiving with the sale of indulgences. Because of this, Martin Luther wanted to expose the false beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church about their sale of indulgences and non-biblical teaching of the forgiveness of sins. On October 31, 1517, Martin Luther posted a document on the church’s wood door which served as a public announcement board for the town. This document that he nailed to the door of the church door in Wittenberg, Germany, is best known as the Ninety-Five Theses.
Christianity has always been subjective and ambiguous, which allows for theories and speculation to develop regarding the religion’s values and characteristics. A key matter in theology seeks to understand those values and to identify a model of living that guides people away from corruption to remain in God’s image. Athanasius of Alexandria’s On the Incarnation and Friedrich Nietzsche’s The Anti-Christ address this issue with viewpoints that directly contradict each other. Athanasius examines the Incarnation to defend his position that natural human desires corrupt mankind and suggests there is nothing to prevent evil and sin other than God’s salvation while Nietzsche asserts that corruption occurs from a loss of instinctive nature and proposes
In the novel, Fools Crow, written by James Welch, the act of revenge is shown numerous times and is an underlying theme throughout. These acts of revenge reflect the Blackfeet way of life. Yellow Kidney, Owl Child, and the rest of the tribe all show signs of revenge and each express it in their own way. This is especially prevalent with Yellow Kidney and Owl Child as they seem to be constantly seeking revenge of some sort. Yellow Kidney wanted revenge on Fast Horse throughout the novel.