Rebecca Lee Crumpler is a woman that history knows little of other than her degree and the little she wrote about herself in the beginning of a book. What makes this woman so important to history, and so important to me, is that Rebecca Lee Crumpler was the first African-American woman to earn an M.D. degree in the United States, and one of the first African Americans to write a book of medical advice. Crumpler, born in Delaware in 1831, was raised by her aunt in Pennsylvania. Crumpler’s aunt was a woman who spent much of her time caring for sick neighbors and friends.
One of seventeen children Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune was born July 20, 1875 to former slave parents on a cotton plantation in Mayesville, South Carolina as Mary Jane McLeod. McLeod grew up picking cotton with her family but at an early age showed an interest in her education and decided to attend a one room schoolhouse named Trinity Mission School the only school in Mayesville. During this time McLeod school teacher Emma Jane Wilson became her mentor and support to assist her in attending two Bible Institutes, Scotia Seminary in Concord, North Carolina in 1888-1894, which became Barber-Scotia College, and Dwight Moody’s Institute in Chicago, Illinois, which is now the Moody Bible Institute. During this time McLeod became very passionate about becoming a missionary in
Arnold Schwarzenegger once said, “In our society, the women who break down barriers are the ones that ignore limits.” Rebecca J. Cole was an ideal embodiment of this quote because of the obstacles she had to overcome to become the second African American female physician in the United States. Rebecca J. Cole was influenced and shaped by her determination to break racial and gender barrier during a time notorious for the concept of separate but equal in the case of minorities. Rebecca J. Cole was born on March 16, 1846 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania as the second of five children. She is of African and European ancestry. Cole attended the prestigious Institute for Colored Youth, a rigorous school with the curriculum of Latin, mathematics, and Greek, where she excelled.
At the Smithfield Court Community Center on Sept. 30 the Smithfield Court/ Elyton Walk club acknowledged Miles College senior social work major Tiffany Taylor who was presented a $5,802 scholarship from the Housing Authority Birmingham District. Taylor decided at an early age that she wanted to further her education. She has seen many people from her neighborhood lose their lives from being in the streets and didn 't want to be another statistic. Miles College was her first choice because it is a Historically Black College and University. "To further my education at a HBCU means that I am receiving the best education by teachers who look just like me."
The second important role was Ida B. Wells. She was in Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862 as a slave. After her parents pasted away from yellow fever, she became a young teacher to keep her siblings together. During her time of teaching, she noticed that white teachers always got paid way higher than she did, it soon brought her interested in politics of races and general education for African Americans.
However, this incident did not stop Anthony from achieving her goal. Anthony continued to fight for the rights the American women deserved. Anthony’s perseverance contributed greatly to the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, which granted women their right to vote. Susan B. Anthony, born on February 5, 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts, always had an interest in social equality issues, like her parents, Daniel Anthony and Lucy Read Anthony. In addition to her parents influence on Anthony’s interest, Anthony experienced unjust treatments since she was a little child.
Crumpled was raised by her aunt in Pennsylvania who was her role model. Crumpler’s aunt provided care for the ill and helped many black people in need, during a time of slavery. Crumpler made her way to Massachusetts as she attended New England Female Medical College in Boston, as a student she was working as a nurse to help the local population. After graduation in 1864, Crumpler spent some time publishing a book of her called “A Book of Medicinal Discourses in Two Parts”. With her nurturing character, she was determined to be great and her actions prove that she was a hero of her time, after nearly 200 years since her death; she remains an influence to others to follow in her
Susan B. Anthony (Susan Brownell Anthony) Susan B. Anthony was a prominent feminist author who started the movement of women’s suffrage and she was also the president of the National American Women Suffrage Association. Anthony was in favor of abolitionism as she was a fierce activist in the anti-slavery movement before the civil war. Susan Anthony was born on February 15, 1820, in Adams, Massachusetts, and before becoming a famous feminist figure, she worked as a teacher. Anthony grew up in a Quaker family that made her spend her time working on social causes. And her father was an owner of a local cotton mill.
It also taught me about the steps a health educator could take in order to “close the health disparity gap regarding Alzheimer’s disease and African Americans” (Fortune, Lang, Cook, & Byrd 2013). This stood out to me, because it went hand-in-hand with the Dream Job research that we had to do for the class. The article provided the same job responsibilities that I researched for the Dream Job assignment. It confirmed that the job responsibilities that I found were key in preventing disease and helping control the spreading of disease. I learned that Alzheimer’s affects African American’s disproportionately compared to other races.
Their Eyes Were Watching God by Zora Neale Hurston is an influential book that teaches a simple lesson: life is not perfect, but we can still find our happy ending. Hurston demonstrates this by following the life of Janie Crawford. Janie is a headstrong African American who is caught up in the mess of early 20th century America attempting to get used to living with free African Americans. Additionally she must decide for herself what it means to love another person, discover who she is, and thereby, what she wants. Even though Janie is born after the American Civil War, she lives in a society still learning to come to terms with the reality of civil equality.