The Bauhaus was the origin of modernism and was influenced by the three elementary shapes and the three primary colors: the dynamic triangle is yellow, the static square is red, and the serene circle is blue (Lupton & Miller, 1993, p. 2). Looking closer into the sans-serif fonts and how these typefaces became a well-known and heavily used modern font shows how important typography is. The essence of the new typography was clarity, not simply beauty; its goal was to develop form from the functions of the text (Megg, 2016, p. 355). The form of the fonts show how clean and simple Bauhaus
1.0 Introduction 1.1 Research Problem 1.1.1 Safe Housing Environment Planning Planning and development of a safe housing environment should be implemented in a timely manner. Achieving good environment design is about creating places, buildings, or spaces that work well for everyone, look good, last well, and will adapt to the needs of future generations. Good design responds in a practical and creative way to both the function and identity of a place. It puts land, water, drainage, energy, community, economic, infrastructure and other such resources to the best possible use – over the long as well as the short term (Planning Practice Guidance, 2013). The challenges in the planning aspects do not only focus on economic growth but also to ensure
Fast extension of city borders which will be driven by rise in population and infrastructure improvement, would force city borders to expand outward and engulf the surrounding daughter cities to form mega cities, each with a population over 10 million. By 2023, there will be 30 mega cities around the world, with 55 percent in developing economies such as India, China, Russia and Latin America. This will drive to the evolution of smart cities with eight smart features, including Smart Economy, Smart Buildings, Smart Mobility, Smart Energy, Smart Information Communication and Technology, Smart Planning, Smart Citizen and Smart Governance. There will be about 40 smart cities around the world by 2025. Smart Energy and the Smart Grid There is growing public awareness about the changing paradigm of our policy in energy supply, consumption and
This research paper will be led by this few questions: • Question 1: what is sustainable building materials and what are these materials suppose to achieve and different from normal building materials? • Question 2: What is Belum’s design concept and why sustainable building materials are able to help to achieve the design concept? • Question 3: what are sustainable materials that can be found in Belum Rainforest Resort and why is it suitable to be called as sustainable materials specifically in Belum Rainforest Resort? • Question 4: What are the problems that can be faced by using sustainable building materials and how to work on the problem? • Question 5: Why is it important and how to apply sustainable building materials in today’s
Ecological Building Materials: As far as possible the use of building materials should be from renewable sources having relatively safe sources of production. Building Form: The building form should respond to the site, region, climate and the materials available thereby generating a harmony between the inhabitants and the surroundings. Good Design: Structure & Material and Aesthetics are the basic parameters of defining design. They should be so integrated that the final outcome is a well built, convenient and a beautiful living
Thus, the final objectives of the ideas behind sustainable development to encourage the functionality between the individuals, society, the economy and the regenerative capacity of the life-supporting system. This shows the interactions between the environment and a population. It shows the equilibrium to the definition of sustainability. Importance of sustainability: According to (H, 2016), “Sustainability is very important in our day to day life because if we don’t respect the Earth’s ecosystems, it will be very difficult to sustain our lives as a human being. Sustainability is important for Environment protection, economic development and for social development.” From all scales, smaller to bigger, Sustainable development is the thing we must talk and think about.
The contemporary world is an urban world. This is apparent in the expansion of urban areas and the extension of urban influences across much of the habitable surface of the planet. Today, for the first time in the history of humankind, urban dwellers outnumber rural residents. Urban places – towns and cities – are of fundamental importance: for the distribution of population within countries; in the organization of economic production, distribution and exchange; in the structuring of social reproduction and cultural life; and in the allocation and exercise of power. Furthermore, in the course of the present century the number of urban dwellers and level of global urbanization are likely to increase.
1. Introduction 1.1. Background to the Problem One of the most salient features that characterize human civilization during the past millennium is accelerating urbanization. According to the United Nations (http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/), more than half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas, and almost all-future global population growth will take place in urban areas. The world’s population will continue to urbanize even after it stops growing around 2050, and we have entered “the century of the city” (Anonymous, 2010).
But, this increase of urbanization is not evenly distributed as continents such as Africa and Asia still have to reach the levels of First World countries such as America and European countries. The rate of urbanization in Africa has risen by 3.5% per annum and is believed to continue to grow by 2050 with 90% of all urbanization occurring in Asia and Africa. The rate of urbanization is one of the drivers that increases informality, poverty and violence, and urban fragility. As more job
Consequently, the relation among community and sport has become vital factor for the formation of social inclusion policy and community rebirth within U.K. Civil renewal or community regeneration is a part of government plans within UK to adopt a community based approach for undertaking the issues like inequality and deprivation (Hoye and Brown, 2016). The philosophy reveals that the method of capacity building factor for civil renewal, here the role of social capital is important to take under consideration. Without a doubt, general observation and rule is considered with higher level of social capital that is safe, more prosperous and better governed as compared with the ones placed on lower social capital