JEBET KIPLAGAT ID NO. 268341 SUSTAINABITY AND NATURAL RESOURCES MARIA ÅKERMAN QUESTION: WHAT ARE THE MAIN THEORIES AND DEBATES ABOUT “SUSTAINABILITY” WHAT WOULD A SUSTAINABLE SOCIETY LOOK LIKE? Introduction Sustainability was first introduced in the UN document “Our Common Future”, it has since gathered a huge debate on its true definition which seems to escape many, but however it has a broad known meaning. Sustainability is the promotion of human wellbeing while simultaneously conserving the environment. I have come to understand sustainability as using today’s resources in a manner that will ensure that our future generations also get to use the same resources, we have to be very keen in the usage of the resources so as to ensure they are not depleted.
The key topics covered comprise of: - Principles of whole life building cost analysis. - The use of information and data sources for whole life building cost analysis. - The link between sustainable buildings and whole life cost analysis. - The mathematical models and calculations used in the whole life building cost analysis. This includes drawbacks and associated critics to these methods with respect to ascertaining
Sustainable construction is the creation and responsible management of a healthy built environment based on resource efficient and ecological principles. Creating and operating buildings are matters that account for about 40% of global annual energy consumption, and therefore, an important aspect of sustainable construction is to become market responsive, and integrate the supply chain while minimizing waste. The whole process of construction would therefore engage all stakeholders of the construction industry. Concerns and Difficulties of Sustainable Construction Three issues are of utmost concern while abiding by the philosophy of sustainable construction: • Different building projects are made for different purposes. Depending on the purpose of the building, the actual effect of the sustainability practices adopted may vary at different stages of construction and use.
Sustainable development, as its name suggests, is a concept continually elaborating. The most commonly used definition, according to World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), is the development which “meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (WCED, 1987). It shows the importance of considering benefits for both current and future generations and strongly supports economic development, while it also implies when accessing environment and natural resources, human beings tend to take an anthropocentric view, that the primary goal is to satisfy human needs. With no regard for earth as a life-support system, a development will not be considered sustainable. Therefore, by taking economic, social, environmental issues into accounts is a key approach to develop sustainably in different contexts.
I agree with the assertion that in the context of Sustainable Development ‘the reality of life today is that the economy dominates environment and society. The Concept of Sustainable Development Sustainable development refers to “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs”, and was produced by the Brundtland report (WCED, 1987). The concept also takes into account the needs of the poor in developing countries by outlining achievable objectives of importance (WCED, 1987). The Three Pillars of Sustainability The society, environment and economy are interconnected entities which form the three pillars of sustainability (Giddings, Hopwood and O’Brien, 2002). Each of these pillars depends on each other in some way in order to operate.
It is through the awareness of sustainable consumption and its importance to protecting the environment that one is knowledgeable of this and so makes changes to their way of living. For example organisations set up energy budgets and completions in an effort to encourage society into sustainable consumption. Households are also more aware of the amount of energy being used and so manage this by
Kahn’s (1995) approach to the sustainable development theory is consistent with the modern day development techniques of Europe 2020 priorities; smart growth, sustainable growth and inclusive growth. The adoption of some innovative strategies such as the utilisation of renewable energy as an integral part of the energy mix could result in growth of the economy, which will eventually trickle down to the poor or extend to the rural or disadvantaged areas of the country. The social sustainability generally explains the idea of equity among the people, empowerment, participation, accessibility and institutional stability. It seeks to ensure a good standard of living in the country by alleviating poverty. Environmental sustainability seeks to explain the ways in which exploitation and utilisation of the natural resources will not be made to negatively affect the environment or the health of human beings (Kahn 1995).
3) It tends to reduce the emissions and waste within the planet’s ability to absorb them, uses renewable sources of energy, and uses non-renewable resources at or below the index of development of renewable alternatives. 2. Three circles of sustainability As we distinguished above, sustainability includes three important indicators of successful implementation of this approach, which are: Political, Social, Economical. In Appendix 1 we can see the illustration which describes what is sustainability in graphical view. Sustainability can not only be a positive but a negative too.
Annex A. Moving Up the Urban Sustainability Pathway A city’s sustainability focus likely reflects both its place along the urban development pathway and its level of ambition for the future. To help cities determine what their sustainability focus should include, PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC 2015) proposes three possible lenses through which they can examine themselves: • Basics. At a first level, a city must provide basic services to its citizens and create sufficient infrastructure for its growth - especially health, housing, air quality and public transport. • Differentiators.