Therefore, sustainable development is important to ensure that the environmental, economic and the social components are providing a healthy and a meaningful life for all humans ( ). In addition, sustainable development aims to balance the environmental, economic and social needs to work together in harmony, allowing prosperity for the needs of present and future generations ( ). Sustainability consists of long term, integrated approaches to developing and achieving progress within the social and economic components that will not exhaust the earth’s limited natural resources. Furthermore, sustainable development encourages humans to avoid over consumption of natural resources through conserving and enhancing their natural resources and by changing the ways in which the use and development of technologies are produced ( ). Moreover, the basic needs such as food, water, sanitation, employment and shelter should be met in a sustainable manner for a defined level of a population ( ).
Sustainable construction is the creation and responsible management of a healthy built environment based on resource efficient and ecological principles. Creating and operating buildings are matters that account for about 40% of global annual energy consumption, and therefore, an important aspect of sustainable construction is to become market responsive, and integrate the supply chain while minimizing waste. The whole process of construction would therefore engage all stakeholders of the construction industry. Concerns and Difficulties of Sustainable Construction Three issues are of utmost concern while abiding by the philosophy of sustainable construction: • Different building projects are made for different purposes. Depending on the purpose of the building, the actual effect of the sustainability practices adopted may vary at different stages of construction and use.
All of these problems can be solved by adopting the techniques of green buildings/green architecture. Green buildings are environmental friendly, cost friendly, allow the use of renewable sources, energy efficient, and cause reduction in all sorts of pollutions. So this report will highlight the importance of green buildings and how green buildings can help us to solve many problems such as environmental pollution, energy consumption etc. Furthermore this report will also act as a guideline for engineers, architectures, contractors and owners of the buildings to understand what actually green buildings are, what their advantages are and how concept of green building can be utilized by them at their
Studies have shown that increases in use of sustainable construction materials in green buildings result in decreases in lower maintenance and energy costs provided sustainable building practices. The need for leadership in energy conservation and related environmental performance has never been greater— not only as a means to further our own interests, but as a way to serve the interests of society at large
2.0 Chapter 2 2.1 Sustainable Development in Construction 2.1.1 Definition Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (McNeill, 2000). Also, a sustainable development should decrease recent levels of consumption of energy and resources and making of waste in order not to damage the natural systems which future generations would rely on to provide them with resources, take in their waste and provide safety and more healthful living conditions. 2.1.2 Importance of Sustainable Development Sustainable development consists passing on to future generations a stockpile of ‘capital’ that is at least as big as the one that our individual
‘Buildings account for 30% to 40% of world energy use, 25% to 35% of greenhouse gas emissions, and 50% to 70% or world electricity use’ (Balcomb, 1998). The built environment is responsible for a huge part of the world’s carbon dioxide emissions. Sustainable architecture seeks to create healthy buildings for our environment that only get better with time. The key idea is to reduce the amount of energy, i.e., use less energy to provide the same service or goods. It is interesting to note that residential and commercial buildings have different emission patterns.
Few and rare studies had been done to study how efficient a landscape produced to achieve landscape sustainability. This is to reduce the demolition and transition of a landscape and changed it to new landscape design just to suit the youth or new generations’ needs. Maybe we could allow the old green spaces to be changed over time after allowing it to offset their carbon emitted caused during the landscape processes start from the ideation and conception processes to the implementation and landscape maintenance
SUSTAINABLITY IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY Abstract: The objectives of this paper is to support a sustainable approach to construction in the built environment, establish linkage of the various stages of construction with aspects of sustainability. Introduction Sustainability is a major issue of the 21st century. It has been defined as ‘meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’ as defined in Brundtland Commission, Our Common Future, 1987. It’s the most sought and widely talked term with a variety of connotations & interpretations. Construction industry is the biggest consumer of energy and accounts for about 40% of global energy as mentioned in a research by US Green Building
A common academically referenced definition for 'Sustainable Development' comes from a statement made pre-second millennia from the United Nations World Commission on the Environment and Development, where it was proposed as being 'development that meets the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs' (Brundtland 1987, WCED, quoted in: Agudelo-Vera et al. 2010, 2296; Celik 2013, 85; Cloutier, Larson & Jambeck 2013, 633; and Imran, Alam & Beaumont 2011, 135). Though this statement is derived from debated academic input and is often considered as being successfully implemented in some areas such as agriculture, it lacks definition and direction in what needs to be achieved in the built environment, and as a result is widely debated in relation to sustainable urban
Sustainability is to develop cities' three pillars which are economy, environment, and society to be well-balanced. In this case, the form of method that has been used for reaching the sustainability in many cities is The Reference Framework for Sustainable Cities (RFSC). This measures how the cities will be sustainable based on the three pillars. Moreover, to become a sustainable city, the unity among people is essential to be able to develop the city (Pearson, 2015). From the RFSC,