In recent years, a concern for the environment has made its way into the so any industry and every aspect of life. Sustainability has said to been emerged as a call for design in which it can actually inspire a new environmental innovation because of its after effects on most aspects of life (OSHA, 2011). Indoor spaces, where 90% of our time is being spent which they have the majority of environmental impact (Moxon, 2011). Interior designers have the roles in choosing the kind of materials to be used, achieving low-energy systems, and improving the indoor quality. The quest to achieve a sustainable indoor environment is necessary (OSHA, 2011).
Biomorphism is an art movement that began in the 20th century. It is the attempt to force naturally occurring shapes into functional devices, for example a chair that mimics the pattern of a certain plant or a staircase that mimics the shell of a snail. Biomorphism copies the natural shapes and objects found in nature and turns them into, or replicates them into functional devices that we use in our everyday lives. Nature is one of the main sources of inspiration when it comes to designing things, it is absolutely fascinating that these shapes and patterns are genuinely natural and that there was no interference from man in the shaping of them, for example, the perfect spiral of a fern or a snails shell. Humans find this natural form of patterns extremely influential and therefore we try to mimic what we see in nature and we try to make manmade objects seem as natural as we possibly can.
They particularly examine the influence of integrating the time element and motion into the design of building structures to accommodate different settings and scenarios of the inhabitants’ lifecycles. 4. The contribution and enhancement of each approach to the advancement of design knowledge. This part examines the futuristic potentials of each approach to grow and continue as a pedagogical methodology of design instruction in Higher Education. It also prompts for the predictability of whether the questioned approach may open new horizons in architectural designing.
While green technologies are not sufficiently proven, (Barnes, 2012). The new technologies that are implemented, they results in a great investment in a long-term by reducing maintenance and operation cost. Green buildings are built for a long-term use, and they are environmental friendly and built for economic benefit. Buildings plays a major role in harming the environment with pollution, therefore green buildings reduces this negative impact. (Angrisano, 2012 page 25) also supported green buildings, “As early as 1993, in an extensive evaluation of companies is UK and Europe, Hodgkinson (1993) notes that businesses increasingly want their flagship buildings to present an image of environmental friendliness in terms of energy efficiency, the use of building materials, and the impact on the wider environment.” Companies can also have a good relationship with the environment by constructing efficient buildings that are environmental friendly.
INTRODUCTION The current practice of constructing buildings does not focus much on the external societal costs. The purpose of sustainable architecture is to construct a building that is comfortable for the occupants, has very less negative impact upon the environment, uses the natural resources efficiently and is long lasting. With the concept of sustainability getting popular, there are tools and information available to design a sustainable architecture. The construction sector produces a lot of waste such as greenhouse gases, water pollutants and solid wastes. This has a very adverse impact on the planet and changes the natural cycle in a negative manner.
Question 1 (30 marks) a) Why is Enterprise Architecture classified as Meta-disciplinary? Discuss. (15 Marks) (Suggested length: Maximum 1.5 pages) Enterprise Architecture is classified as Meta-disciplinary because it serves as an authoritative reference which shows the correspondence of the results and conclusions, and that additional in-depth information can be obtained in a convenient manner (Maher, 2010). It acts as the source of standards for processes or resources as well as providing the designs that is used for operating states in the future. Enterprise Architecture is supposed to cover all elements and aspects of an enterprise.
The growing interdisciplinary relationship between the world of design and social innovation has led to new opportunities, responsibilities, and challenges for the designer to better understand how their processes can be employed to spark meaningful, positive sociocultural evolution and revolution. The
In other words, architects’ aim of attention to it is the analysis of relations between man and environment to apply in architectural design. This matter was focused on the end of the twentieth-century sixtieth decade. Proshanski, Ittelson and Rivlin (1970) in a book entitled “Environmental psychology: man and his physical setting” notified the advent of this science. However, some researches had been done earlier about interactions of human and environment in which decades 1960 and 1970 published as echo-behavioral sciences or ecological psychology (Mortazavi, 1380). It should be considered that modern architecture movements have had a fundamental role in the formation of environment psychological science.
It started as a nameless awareness that was raised by educators in the early 1970s. It was at this time, a century and a half after the Industrial Revolution, that people started analyzing the concept of design, human ecology and social changes. In 1973, Papanek discussed that in an age of mass-production, where everything must be planned and designed, design has become the most powerful tool with which man shapes his tools and environment (and by extension, society and himself). However, the true nature of sustainability encompasses a wider range of issue than just the design itself. Factors of policies and strategies, along with technical and psychological aspects have to come in to contribute or limit the leap of sustainable development.
Organic architecture shows very eco-friendly attributes. The designs of organic buildings are as follows; inspired by nature, sustainable, healthy, conserving and diverse, flexible and adaptable, grows out of the site, satisfies social, physical and spiritual needs and provides natural energy such as natural light, wind, as well as ventilation. There is hardly any straight lines in organic designs, showing that the buildings have blended in with nature and developed naturally because it does not look man-made with straight lines and regular shapes. Organic designs also use environmental-friendly materials and maximizes the natural objects at site. Another common feature of organic architecture, as explained by professor Hidayatun, is that a small garden is often found in the middle of the structure as a way to conserve as well as living harmonically with the nature.