A Research Proposal On Analysing The Positive and Negative Impacts of Deforestation in Malaysia. 1.0 Introduction & Purpose Deforestation is the activity of clearing the woodland or open space, generally to expand the use of farming land or wood harvesting (Dudley 2014). This activity has been going on for many years but the government does not think it is a major problem in Malaysia. Nonetheless, deforestation has brought both benefits and losses to the people. Thus, the purpose of this report is to analyse the positive and negative impacts of deforestation in Malaysia.
They are focusing on “Reducing the emissions of deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries”, meaning that they are trying to minimize the effects deforestation has on climate change by making the machines responsible for tearing down forests run more efficiently, as well as reducing the rate at which it is happening altogether. The common idea between the two approaches is to not completely stop deforestation, but rather to slow it down to a point at which it is sustainable again. Every life form on earth is, through one way or another dependent on the Amazon rainforest biome. We as humans are, being the most intelligent species ever to exist on earth, particularly responsible for the well-being of our beloved rainforests. It is easy to think that as an individual one has extremely limited power over the situation, however through wonderful organisations such as the WWF we are able to stand united to reduce deforestation, and finally boost the sustainability of the earth’s resources by a significant amount.
The trees will also contribute to new wildlife habitats, restore water cycles, and rebuild carbon storage. The new trees will help store some of the carbon that was released from the cut down forests. A drawback to this concept is that although replanting trees is good, the lost ecosystems will not be able adapt back after losing their
• Sustainable forestry the practice of regulating usage of forest resources in such a way that the forest wealth is preserved. • Indiscriminate tree cutting is replaced by selective logging wherein you remove certain trees but preserve the balance of the woodland. Also young trees are allowed to mature before they are harvested, protected forests are created and trees are planted to expand forestlands. • A sustainable forest contains trees of all ages and different species. • In sustainable forestry, the first activity is to survey the land that's part of the sustainable forestry project.
Including farmer loans and forest conservation programs. When customers buy coffee, farmers can have a better future and more stable climate for the planet, and it helps create a long-term supply of the high-quality beans. Since, Starbuck paid a premium price to purchase farmers coffee beans, it is ensured fair transaction and safeguard farmer benefit. Regarding the principles for ethical sourcing, Conservation International has formulated a buying guidelines to address the issues. Called Coffee and Farmer Equity (C.A.F.E.)
Evidence suggests that the local people care about conserving the forest. In a poll it was shown that 94% of participants believe that conservation of the forest is important (Guthiga and Mburu 22-23). Guthiga and Mburu believe that the people are glad that the KWS is conserving the forest, but the locals would like to also share the benefits with the KWS (23). Thus, if the people were able to run programs like the KEEP’s tree nurseries and eco-tours, they would be gaining the benefits, which would also detract from the massive poverty issue in the area. Both of these benefits would promote conservation by the
This being said, Theodore Roosevelt made conservation an American responsibility and value; the preservation of land and natural resources is now an imperative part of national and ecological welfare. By passing legislation and integrating agencies into the government dedicated to conservation with purpose, Roosevelt made environmental protection a permanent American duty. The Man on Horseback recognized that 20th century factories boomed as a result of the Industrial Revolution, commenting that the U.S. had “become great because of the lavish use of [...] resources. But the time [had] come to inquire seriously what will happen when [...] forests are gone” ("Theodore Roosevelt and Conservation"). After voicing his concern, Roosevelt established the United States Forest Service (USFS) to manage the 150 national forests instituted during his administration ("Theodore Roosevelt and Conservation").
Kahn’s (1995) approach to the sustainable development theory is consistent with the modern day development techniques of Europe 2020 priorities; smart growth, sustainable growth and inclusive growth. The adoption of some innovative strategies such as the utilisation of renewable energy as an integral part of the energy mix could result in growth of the economy, which will eventually trickle down to the poor or extend to the rural or disadvantaged areas of the country. The social sustainability generally explains the idea of equity among the people, empowerment, participation, accessibility and institutional stability. It seeks to ensure a good standard of living in the country by alleviating poverty. Environmental sustainability seeks to explain the ways in which exploitation and utilisation of the natural resources will not be made to negatively affect the environment or the health of human beings (Kahn 1995).
Sustainable forest management requires three major criteria which are the maintenance of ecological processes within the forest (soil formation, energy flow, biogeochemical cycles (carbon, nutrient and hydrological cycles), maintenance of biodiversity of forest, improving the net social benefits derived from the mixture of forest uses within the constraints by considering the future. Forest provides habitats for more than half of the fauna and flora on the Earth (SCBD, 2001). Forest biome plays an important role in mitigating climate change by serving as carbon sinks (Hassan et al., 2005). Forest land is the most fundamental natural resources which become reduced mainly due to anthropogenic pressures. For proper management of land, it is essential to have information about existing land cover and about the naturalness of the land.
Therefore, by taking economic, social, environmental issues into accounts is a key approach to develop sustainably in different contexts. According to Griggs et al. (2013), the improvement of life quality should be within the scope of earth’s ability to support human well-beings. They mentioned that the twin priorities for sustainable development goals(SDG) must be both the earth’s life-support system and poverty reduction . It is also noticeable that different from the common understanding, which often puts clean air, ecosystem services and biodiversity into the category of environmental sustainability, Griggs et al.