However this will not be accomplished overnight, several procedures would have to be standardized and maintained in order to achieve this balance. According to the oxford English dictionary the word “sustainability” means able to be maintained at a certain rate or level, and the word “Tourism” means the practise of touring, traveling for pleasure. Sustainability in this sense it refers to the environment and its resources. Unsustainability therefore is caused by human beings believing that the environment and its resources are infinite, when their economic subsystems were small. However, it is now the excruciating reality that both the environment and its resources are infinite and need to be monitored.
Eco-tourism offers landowners an alternative solution which is more sustainable and profitable. By ecotourism, we can replace exploitation of lands by protection. One of Ecotourism 's missions is to reveal cultures and build respect and better understanding. It gives people a real view of the environment. And anyway, nature is not affected if you just look at it, right?
This interpretation has been used to describe ‘sustainable tourism’ as well, which is often viewed as a sub-set of sustainable development. This interpretation however, lacks consideration for social and ecological impacts, instead only focusing on economic changes. Nonetheless, because of the widespread adoption of this interpretation, it has become the basis of comparison among other definitions of sustainable development (Imran, Alam & Beaumont, 2014). Sustainable tourism is tourism that is implemented and maintained, in a way that allows its long-term presence without damage or change to the environment in which the place exists to a point where it will hinder the progress and stability of other operations by stakeholders (Wahab & Pigram, 1997). Sustainable tourism requires people to take a long-term approach in monitoring economic activities to determine the need for continued economic growth, and if that growth will impact a destination such that it is unable to provide for future visitors (Theobald, 2005).
It is a good source of generating income and jobs in both cities. Similarly, they both have beautiful places to visit. They both have tallest mountains. Both cities consist amusement parks and recreation centers to entertain the tourist. Whereas natural sites are the main tourist attractions of Colorado city.
Every stakeholders have the responsibility to be sustainable as neither the social-cultural, economic or environmental goals and benefits of tourism will occur if there are negative ethical issues happening with the destination (Garcia-Rosell and Makinen, 2013; 2012).The global code of ethics for tourism by the World Tourism Organisation also identify the relationship between ethics, tourism and sustainability (UNWTO,
3.0 Importance of maintaining ecotourism in Malaysia Ecotourism must be maintained for future generation, so in order to maintain the ecotourism, awareness on cultural preservation and awareness of natural preservation were implemented to people. These steps are to ensure that the tenth plan can be a reality. 3.1 Create awareness on cultural preservation Many visit administrators bring travelers to visit the locals village despite the fact that is not a necessity. Peaceful harmony can be irritated by travelers’ arrival and actions. The locals were afraid that the visitors would disturb the cultural preservation like making the women feel uneasy because women have more negative observation about tourists than men, improper attire shown
(Pollock, 2013) Mass tourism has low environmental dimension with high social and economic dimension whereas alternative tourism has high environmental and social dimension with low economic dimension. However, sustainable tourism has a fundamental objective: tourism as a whole must be sustainable. Mass tourism, properly organized and controlled, can and must become sustainable. By combining the characterisations in both mass and sustainable tourism, it can be identified that their traits are benefit on environmental, socio-culture and economic sectors by involving the locals in project development. (Sopheap Theng,
An example of this is the Chitwan National Park, which only hire local residents because it helps to benefit the economic of the country. It showed that tourism also help to develop and improve local services and infrastructure, such as rebuilding of highways and roads positively impact both of the locals and tourists who come to visit. However tourism has some negative effects, including rising prices in cities and towns experiencing mass tourism. If businesses realize they can get more money from tourists, the price of property, goods and services will increase.
It has been an empirical observation that environmental attitudes are positively correlated with knowledge about ecology (Bradley, et al., 1999). Sustainable tourism (more precisely eco- tourism) ensures in meeting a bi-fold objective: (i) Minimizing the harmful impact of anthropogenic activities on natural environment (ii) Enhancing the economic viability of the tourism industry Additionally, it also serves the purpose of conservation of natural resources & culture of the tourism destination so that the upcoming generations may draw mileage out of it. Kals et al. (1999) has been instrumental in providing evidence that the rational basis for an environment friendly behavior is non- existent. He has also enlisted certain nature predictive for the same.
Tourism is essentially an exploitative industry, and as such it is justified to regulate tourism as is done for any other pollut ing industry. Obvious is the need for the tourism industry to bec ome sustainable. "Sustainable tourism" is often equated with nature or eco- tourism; but sustainable tourism development means more than protecting the natural environment - it means proper consideration of host peoples, comm unities, cultures, customs, lifestyles, and social and econo mic systems. It is tourism that truly benefits thos e who are on the receiving end, and that does not exploit and degrade the environment in which they live and fro m which they