Socio-cultural dimension Although consistently associated with the environment, sustainable tourism development can't take place unless culture and society are also assessed in management approaches. Indeed, sustainable tourism substructures have to safeguard a destination’s socio-cultural features, which include a wide variety of traditions, social rights and benefits, lifestyles, heritage, employment, art, and customs. Although equal in significance to the other two pillars of sustainable tourism, the social aspect obtain less concern in sustainable tourism debates, possibly as a result of being intangible. Social sustainability causes impacts on the community's socio-cultural fabric and emphasizes local residents' participation in tourism development. When tourism generates disharmony amongst society, the subsequent results on the culture can be long-term and produce severe effects on the host
It was during this period of time where scientists, engineers, entrepreneurs and designers have come together to acknowledge that the world’s resources are not imperishable. The word ‘sustainable’ was derived from the Latin word sustinere, which means to hold up or endure. Thus, sustainability can be defined as the ability to improve the quality of human life while maintaining the well being of the environment. The need of sustainable development was addressed as the consideration for future generations arises. When Industrial Revolution took off, it changes the manufacturing and consumption habit.
Cultural tourism is deemed as one of the most important forms in the tourism industry and UNWTO predicts that it will become one of its main forms of focus by 2020 (Niemczyk, 2013). The council of Europe has actively developed cultural tourism to support culture. The record of protected monuments in the European Union (EU) and that of buildings of historical interest in European Commission indicated that the development of cultural tourisms underscore the increasing critical position of culture and cultural attractions in modern society (Greg Richards, 2007). Urry (1990) pointed out that culture has discontinued to be the purpose of tourism in the 20th century; however, tourism is culture. Some attractions such as the Pyramids, Taj Mahal and
deals with the well-being of all four dimensions of sustainability – environment, society, culture and economy; iii. uses a variety of teaching techniques that promote participatory learning and higher-order thinking skills; iv. promotes lifelong learning; v. is appropriate culturally and relevant locally ; vi. is based on local needs, perceptions and conditions, but appreciates that catering to local needs very frequently has international impact and consequences; vii. involves formal, non-formal and informal education; viii.
Sustainable development is one that meets the needs of the present generation. This definition identifies basic principles of sustainability, such as takes a general approach to planning and strategy; prevents the biodiversity and heritage cultural; conserves the essential ecological processes; supports and engages public participation; ensures that productivity can be sustained into the future. (Cooper, Fletcher, Fyall, Gilbert, Wanhill, 2008).The concept of sustainable development is based on three standards: economic development, environmental protection, and social development. Three standards relationship, which is determined to ensure all balance (Meyer, Milewski,
According to Brundtland Commission, sustainable development is defined as “development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (Martens, Sustainability: science or fiction?, 2012). Many sectors participate to contribute to sustainable development, and economy is one of the factors. Sustainable economic growth relies on various sectors, corresponding to the strength of the area. As in developing countries, economy depends enormously on tourism which is mostly related to the local nature and culture. In order to sustain the contribution from tourism, nature and culture must be ensured to be long lasting.
To become a sustainable society, we must eliminate our contributions to: No1. The increase of concentrations of substances extracted from the Earth’s crust (heavy metals and fossil fuels) No2. The increase of concentrations of substances produced by society (plastics, dioxins and DDT) No3. The physical degradation of nature and natural processes (harvesting forests and destroying habitat) And finally, conditions that undermine peoples capacity to meet human needs (unsafe working condition and low
Sustainable development must meet the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations. The definition of a concept as discussed currently was published in 1987 at the Brundtland Report issued by World Commission on Environment and Development or Brundtland Commission, created in 1983 by the United Nations. The goal was to define policies and strategies for sustainable development in the social, economic and, above all, environmental. And as regards the architecture? There is some consensus on what is a sustainable architecture design and what guidelines must be followed?
To summarize, the concept of sustainable development is based on a political and ethical principle. This principle implies that the social and economic dynamics of modern economies are compatible both with the improvement of life conditions and the ability of natural resources to reproduce (regenerate) in an indefinite