Sustainable Tourism Literature Review

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INRODUCTION The paper will examine the current literature regarding sustainable practices in tourism attractions. It is based on the literature review of the author’s thesis. The author will define sustainable tourism; sustainable principles, the importance of becoming sustainable, demand for sustainable attractions and limitations to sustainable development in tourism attractions. The author will conclude with important points examined in the literature. WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE TOURISM There are several definitions outlined in modern literature, all with different viewpoints as to what exactly is part of sustainability. Sustainable tourism is the concept of visiting a place as a tourist and trying to make only a positive impact on the environment,…show more content…
According to Bojanic, (2011) Sustainable development is the process of utilizing the social, economic and environmental resources in a country or region to be able to continue to meet the needs of its residents over time. One of the most important aspects of sustainable development is the ability to preserve the environment by managing the carrying capacity of the natural ecosystems, creating environmental sustainability. Mi, (2014) elaborated further stating that Sustainable development is to meet the needs of people, and do not pose a hazard on future generations. It is necessary to achieve the purpose of economic development, as well as to protect the survival of mankind's including atmosphere, fresh water, oceans, land and natural resources such as…show more content…
FACTORS LIMITING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN TOURIST ATTRACTIONS This section outlines some of the key points regarding limitation to tourism development in tourism attractions. The literature discusses the willingness of tourists to visit the cultural heritage sites as factor affecting sustainable tourist attractions. According to Abuamoud, (2014) a logistic regression model was employed in the analyse factors that affected tourism at cultural heritage sites in Northern Badia. The study found that education, variety of sites, multiple destinations, cost, and reasons for the visit had a significant impact on tourists' willingness to travel. Therefore improving cultural heritage sites and working closely with local communities to expand training and funding was highly recommended. Mok and Armstrong (1995) supports this view and elaborated further after conducting a survey with 316 Hong Kong residents, they concluded that safety is the most important attribute when Hong Kong residents choose a destination followed by scenic beauty, trip price, hotel and restaurant services, friendliness of local people, and shopping facilities and services,

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