Introduction First published in 1957, Sonny’s Blues written by James Baldwin is a prose of two brothers. Sonny, the younger one, is a rebellious jazz musician who turns out to be a drug abuser, while the narrator, the elder brother, is a conservative mathematics teacher in Harlem. He, the narrator, refuses to understand Sonny whose life is distorted by imprisonment. In this way, Baldwin developed the major topic of music, the cornerstone of African American culture, alongside with the themes of brotherhood and salvation. How music develops the plot of the story Music is a leitmotif in Sonny’s Blues, which reflects and creates a new structure of music and drama (Bribitzer-Stull, 2015).
• This encouraged the popularity and growth of jazz music. • Jazz went from only playing in New Orleans to becoming a staple of the America airwaves, dance halls and homes” • The 1930’s brought a new style of jazz “big band swing”. These musical ensembles associated with the swing era. They generally consisted of 12 to 25 musicians. • Swing has a rhythmic feeling of a combination of tension and relaxation.
Some times called hot jazz, it’s roots can be traced to New Orleans and consisted of a horn playing a melody and a higher and lower horn playing around that melody. It became very popular in the early 1900’s and the rhythm was supplied by bass and drums. By the 1930’s young black musicians wanted to develop their own styles and many studied the teachings of
William John Evans better known as Bill Evans (August 16, 1929- September 15, 1980) was one of the most influential American jazz pianists ever, was known as harmony genius, a highly nuanced touch player and his lyrical playing style. His introspective lyricisms, endless flow of clear ideas and subtle Western classical flourished have influenced a legion of jazz pianists including Jack Reilly, Herbie Hancock, Andy Laverne, Enrico Pieranunzi, Keith Jarrett, Fred Hersch, Joanne Brackeen and countless others. ( ipad npr.org) Described by noted jazz writer James Lincoln Collier says that Evans had the widest influence of any piano player since 1960. (James Lincoln Collier, The Making of Jazz: A Comprehensive History (New York: Dell Publishing,
It was this new complex, and diverse styling that would become a hot commodity of sorts, used in multiple settings including the nightclub scene, theaters, ballrooms, concert halls, and more. An originator of Big Band Jazz, Duke Ellington’s prominent ear for music stretched further beyond the composition and performance scene by aiding in the recruitment of musicians such as: Bubber Miley, famous for using a plunger that made a "wa-wa" sound, and Joe Nanton, who implemented the "growl" of his trombone, cornetist Rex Stewart, and trumpeter Cootie Williams. His orchestra became his most prominent “instrument” surpassing his individual skill as a pianist. Ellington’s style came into fame as his group, The Washintonians, created the Jazz style of “Jungle Sound.” Compositions including “East St. Louis Toodle-Oo” (1926) and “Black and Tan Fantasy” (1927) sport the band’s 1920’s newly formed style. Ellington’s band leadership, compositions, arrangements, and soloist skills provided solid evidence to the claim of Ellington being the greatest Jazz musician of the 20th century.
Everything that was bottle up poured out of Sonny through the piano he was playing Sonny’s blues. Sonny’s brother finally saw all his brother frustrations come out his need for music to keep him away from the drug, the music is an outlet. Sonny’s and his brother relationship reaches a different level of understanding. The jazz club is a place where Sonny can finally relax and his brother can see Sonny for who is really is musician not an
During the 1920s and 1930s jazz began to be popular and interesting among young people, black and whites. They were attracted by the freedom and artistic nature of it. When white popular musicians started to integrate the Bebop style with their own music, it became that much more popular, not only in America, but around the world. Jazz became a way to unify cultures through music. It helped to bring down barriers.
They are passed down, interpreted different ways by each person that hears them, and can change the entire course of someone’s life. Music can have the same the same impact. In the 1920’s, Jazz and the blues became increasingly popular because of the freeing feeling young people got from listening and dancing to it. The new sound was shunned by the older generation because of the ““vulgarity” and “depravity” (and the “moral disasters” it supposedly inspired), but many in the younger generation loved the freedom they felt on the dance floor.” (History.com Staff) This type of music has lasted through almost a hundred years now, and still brings people the same freeing feeling it did when it was first discovered. Jazz is a type of music that is improvised.
I would choose live over recorded in almost any situation. The jazz at this event reminded me of cool jazz. It was not overpowering and I did not feel an overwhelming urge to dance. The timbre of the saxophone was not super bright and was more warm and soothing. The music provided for a great environment.
They had many hits throughout the 1970s and the band assisted in making funk music a successful genre, with an even broader audience. A different group of musicians then began to further develop this genre. New ideas were significantly made by George Clinton, with his two bands; Parliament and Funkadelic. The Parliament group emphasized using horns whilst Funkadelic emphasized using guitars, but both had a deep, rhythm filled groove. Simultaneously, they formed a new kind of funk sound, greatly influenced by psychedelic rock as well as jazz.
Clark Terry’s music deeply moved numerous jazz legends like Byron Stripling, who once said, “You don’t have to be a jazz fan. That’s really important with Clark Terry. You don’t have to be a jazz fan to like and to love his music because it invites you into it. You are invited in not only with virtuosic and bluesy sense, but also with humor. He