India is the largest producer of milk in the world and it is also largest consumer of milk consuming almost its whole milk production. Dairy industry in India has shaped lives of millions of dairy farmers. Dairy sector in India has been a significant contributor to the Gross Domestic Product and its value of output has grown significantly. Dairy sector is one of the important contributors in the growth of Indian economy. The Indian dairy industry is mainly constituted of 22 state milk federations, 110,000 dairy cooperative societies involving more than 12 million milk producers.
Indian dairy industry is the world’s largest dairy industry with a share of 16% of the world’s total milk production. India is also one of the world’s largest consumers of dairy products. It also forms an important source of income for Indian rural farmers and plays an important role in improving their quality of life, but still remains a highly unorganized sector at large. Only 18- 20% of the total milk produced in India is directed through the organized sector. Despite being an important contributor to the growth of Indian Economy, the dairy Industry is still not very well developed and follows many primitive practices.
An estimated 84% of the milk produced is sold in raw form to consumers, providing instant cash or higher prices to the farmer. This compromises product quality while offering direct competition to the dairy processing industry. Despite the Government actively discouraging selling of ‘hawked’ milk, the sector continues to grow with grave consequences to the processing sector. Despite these challenges the dairy industry in Kenya is the most sophisticated in sub-Sahara Africa, with a robust processing sector that continues to grow year by year, thereby providing a fertile ground for investors, consumers and the Kenyan economy. The dairy processing industry in Kenya is dominated by a few big processors and a high number of smaller and medium operators.
• Premium pricing: Mr. Milk can set a high price to reflect the superiority of the product. Distribution policy Mr. Milk can use intermediaries in its distribution because doing so cannot promote the milk directly to customers or maybe consumers. It can also use intensive distribution method.
Due to the rapid population rise, the rising foreign influence, the emergence of a female working population and the fluctuating eating habits of people, they have gained popularity among people, contributing significantly to the growth trajectory of the bakery industry. Indian bakery industry is one of the biggest sections in the country’s processed food industry. Bakery products which include bread and biscuits form the major baked foods accounting for over 82% of the total bakery products produced in India. The bakery industry has achieved third position in generating revenue among teh processed food sector in India. The first and the second segments are wheat and flour processing and fruit and vegetable processing.
Introduction Agriculture in India has a significant history. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. The economic contribution of agriculture to India's (Gross Domestic Product) GDP is steadily declining with the country's broad-based economic growth. Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of India. India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world's major food staples.
Certain specialized crops such as cotton and jute began to be grown not for consumption in the village but for sale in the national and even international markets. Still, the peasants were affected by the fluctuations in the international markets and given the subsistent level at which they lived, there was hardly any surplus for them in investing in commercial crops. Perhaps, the commercialization trend reached the highest level of development in the plantation sector such as tea, coffee and rubber, which was mostly owned by Europeans. Finally, at the same time as commercialization of Indian Agriculture, modern machine-based industries started coming up in India, but most of them were foreign-owned and controlled by British managing agencies. Indian-owned industries also came up in cotton textiles and jute in the nineteenth century and in sugar, cement, etc.in the twentieth century.
However, to achieve the target, a number of exotic goat breeds have been imported and bred locally to fulfil the demand of the industry (Ariff et al., 2010) although a systematic breeding program has not currently been applied. Moreover, the dairy industry must focus on improving production capacity, improving the quality of domestic milk supplies (Chye et al., 2004) and develop a consumer-focused value chain (Boniface et al., 2010). In spite of the fact that, the Malaysian government focus on increasing self-sufficiency by growing domestic dairy production through large-scale commercial farming and value-adding processes (Warr et al.,
The supply chain and sourcing are also done locally to meet the local needs. According to Dr. Ram Kishen Y.“Unorganized retailing is that part of retailing where the retailer is not providing a standardized bill to the customers, not filing the returns for income tax purpose and operates more at the local level with customized offering ”. The above mentioned definition explains how unorganized retail is different from organized retailing wherein retailers pay their taxes to the government and also provides customers with a proper bill. Unorganized retailers provide customized services such as credit facilities, personalized services etc., which organized retailers cannot provide. The Story of Unorganized Retailing Jharkhand is a state of traditional HAAT’s & mom and pop stores, which have an extensive reach and have been ruling the retail sector for many years.
Also, as per the information provided by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, to attract more FDI in agriculture sector, 100% FDI has been allowed in coffee, rubber, cardamom, palm oil tree and olive oil tree plantations, besides tea plantation in which FDI has already been allowed. Hence, FDI is predicted to have a significant positive impact on the 700-million strong rural populations, living in about 600,000 small villages of India. Rapid investments in technology development, irrigation infrastructure, emphasis on modern agricultural practices and provision of agricultural credit and subsidies are the major factors contributed to agriculture growth. FDI in Indian agriculture sector increase employment opportunities. 2.