The economic growth of the 1990s and 2000s, with a GDP increase of 56 per cent between 1999 and 2008, turned Brunei into an industrialized country. He has developed the wealth of vast fields of oil and natural gas. Brunei has the second highest human development index among Southeast Asian countries, after Singapore, and is classified as a "developed country". According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Brunei ranks fifth in the world in gross domestic product per capita in purchasing power parity. The IMF calculated in 2011 that Brunei was one of two countries (the other was Libya) with a public debt of 0% of national GDP.
(Peter Hintereder and Martin Orth – 2013). Regarding to studies, Germany is Europe’s largest economy, accounting for roughly a quarter of European GDP. It is the world’s fourth largest manufacturing producer and the fourth largest producer of automobiles. It is the world’s third largest commercial services exporter; the third most important source of foreign directs investment (FDI); is third in global patents, and boasts the third most developed financial sector. As well, Globalization helped Germany in terms of investment.
Maybank ranks fourth by assets among banks in ASEAN and is among the top 100 banks in the world, including the fifth largest Islamic bank globally. Net operating income for FY2015 reached to RM21.2 billion. Maybank home markets are Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. We have presence in 10 ASEAN countries with a combined branch network of 1,177 offices in ASEAN. Maybank also have a presence in the international financial centers of Hong Kong, Shanghai, London, New York and Bahrain with associates
It was formerly known as Binariang Berhad. In 1999 it was changed to Maxis Communications Berhad. Having a total number of subscribers of 6.4 million, Maxis provides a wide range of innovative mobile, fixed and international network services to its customers. Maxis was listed in 2009 on the Malaysian stock exchange. Maxis is the largest telecommunications company in Malaysia, having a market share of 37.6 % in 2015.
India is the largest yen loan recipient country since 2003 and the amount of loan received by India was 22.5 billion yen in 2007. Japan is one of the largest sources of FDI inflows in India between 1999 and 2010. Japanese companies are more concentrated around the areas like Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra; Haryana and Karnataka- almost 135 Japanese companies are established in Delhi, 198 companies established in Maharashtra, 135 companies were established in Karnataka, 240 companies in Tamil Nadu and 193 companies in Haryana. Main FDI inflows from Japan through Indian companies – from 2000 to 2010 include Maruti Udyog, Escort Yamaha Motor Ltd., Yamaha Motor India Pvt. Ltd., Sanyo BPL Pvt.
Overview of the Chinese Economy Out of all 195 economies in the world, china is ranked 2nd in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). China has a total population of over 1.3 billion people. The average annual income in china is around sixty-four-thousand yuan, which is around ten-thousand Australian dollars. China has an annual increase in GDP of 10%, which makes the world’s fastest growing economy. In 1981, 88% of China’s population suffered from poverty, in 2012, it dropped to 6.5%.
KLSE as the largest stock market in Southeast Asia accordance to Malaysian Business, 16 August 1992. Later, KLSE denoted as fourth largest is Asia (Investors Digest, November 1992). Further, 15 privatizations on the KLSE which indicated 22 percent of the KLSE total market capitalization which involved RM29.89 billion in 25th February 1994 accordance to New Straits Times (9th March 1994). According to a case study conducted, Scaling-Up Poverty Reduction: A Global Learning Process and Conference Shanghai in 25th-27th May 2004, Bumiputera employment had risen to 3.83 million of employments or 57.8 percent in 1990 and had begun to acquire the structure of employment in NEP in various economic sectors. The study further stated that, Malay employment
As members of “BRICKS”, China and Brazil are regarded as two of the highest potential developing countries around the world. To measure the wealth of two countries, GDP, the total market value of all goods and services produced in a country over a period of one year, could show how much these two countries have achieved. In 2016, China gains 11199.15 USD Billion (until Dec 16th), which is the second largest economy of the world, while Brazil earns 1796.19 USD Billion, as the 9th largest economy of the world up to the end of the year. Since the beginning of 21st centuries, China and Brazil’s GDP have risen in high speed. Although the GDP trend of Brazil has decreased since 2015 because of the economy crisis, Brazil’s economy begins to recover this year and still keeps leading Latin America’s economy.
3.0 Industry Analysis 3.1 Industry Structure (Need citation) Malaysia is an upper middle income group country. Sales between the Malaysian foods and beverages retail industry were predicted to reach the amount of US$15.69 billion in 2011 and is predicted to grow to US$21.17billion in 2015. According to the Euro monitor, the overall packaged food industry reached US$5.5 billion in 2011 and is predicted to reach US$5.9 billion by 2016. The highest value segments of packaged foods in 2011 were estimated to be ‘bakery’ at US$765.9 million. Products in the forecast for high growth included are most of the same as the historic rates and are complimented by including bakery products.
The Philippines was the 15th largest consumer of cigarette in the world. Therefore, it was a big chance for tobacco multinational company to pursue Philippines market and investment, including Philip Morris International. The Philippines was attractive for multinational companies because it has steady economic growth and a large, young and growing population that near 100 million people. However, in 1990s, La Suerte Cigar and Cigarette Company and the Fortune Tobacco Company (FTC) have been the most popular producers. FTC had 67% market share and La Suerte holds a 25% share (Shafey, Dolwick, Guindon, 2003).