There should at least be a mix of housing options in these neighborhoods in order to keep the authenticity of the neighborhood. It is still critical to eradicate issues that come with impoverished neighborhoods such as violent criminal activity, drug usage, and other illegal dealings but also the underlying issues such as access to healthcare, and poor maintenance of the infrastructure and parks, and most of all diminished academic quality.
The suburbanized psyche changes the way people think; most people want to get to their destination as soon as possible instead of walking and enjoying the wonders of nature. Solnit explains that the scenarios portrayed in the suburbs are repetitious and it makes walking less interesting. I agree with Solnit, and argue
Robert’s story did not occur in isolation and is, instead, is situated in the specific social, political and economic context of the late 1940s to 1950s. By this time, World War Two (WWII) had subsided, the economy was recovering, and Canada found itself fairly well situated to accept new immigrants (Hawkins, 1988, p.99). Fuelled by the expansion of certain industries (e.g. construction), this period “saw the beginning of a significant economic boom in Canada” (Kelly & Trebilcock, 2010, p.316; Troper, 1993, p.250). Therefore, what had previously been characterized by a relatively restrictive climate for immigration, due to the fear during WWII, was gradually replaced with more “libera[l]” (Kelly & Trebilcock, 2010, p.318) immigration policies
There are multiple divergent viewpoints on this matter. These viewpoints mainly consist of reasons why gentrification is a positive thing for making improvements and changes to certain areas. They mainly serve to acknowledge that what is happening right now may be seen in a negative light. A minority of the lower-class population stand firmly behind the belief that change is inevitable; that changes must occur in order to “beautify” the seedier parts of San Francisco, in order to make it a safer place to live. It is also believed that the benefits of gentrification far outweigh anything bad that is happening because of it.
The literature points to the lack of income and the inability to attain financial freedom legally as one of the primary variables that cause ex-offenders to reoffend. Martin (2011) writes that asset poverty should be combated at the micro-level and the macro-level, in doing so, reentry programs must target the ex-offender, community, and society. (p. 137). Reentry programs may focus on the bare necessities that ex-offenders may need to navigate in society and equip them with the knowledge and tools to enhance their life and overcome the tendency to commit future crimes. However, giving these ex-offenders a stake in society through asset ownership could give them a sense of inclusion in society, therefore, the desire to reoffend can decrease.
The challenge that is normally encountered is increasing population growth, this means that there should be an increase of infrastructure to accommodate people. Most of the cities are expanding outwards while other are slightly considering an upward expansion. The new population which is mainly the working class immigrants have occupied places that are developed in the long ago and the people who use to stay in those places have migrated to urban areas. When people in the inner city are migrating to other areas, the buildings which they previously occupied are then neglected. The South African cities should grow upwards because the land value is rapidly increasing.
According to Do Policies Aimed Toward the Homeless Help Families? The Detroit Experience, “Within Detroit...our findings also offer a call to action for local policy makers to engage with community members to ensure that policy decisions are well informed and reach the intended recipients in a meaningful way” (Grim, Gutlekin, Brush, 2015, p. 11). Unsurprisingly, there is a big gap between policy makers and those who these policies are aimed towards. Most politicians are not really helping to fix the problem of homelessness, but rather prolong the time till they will inevitably have to deal with it. If policy makers were to interact more with the homeless, then they could create better policies that are better aimed towards them.
Urban sprawl; the expansion of urban developments on undeveloped land near a city. Urban sprawl has its benefits, such as affordable land and low crime rate, urban sprawl has many negative consequences for residents and the environment too. To start with, urban sprawl consumes an area of a land. Only 5% of Canada's land is farmable. The land area it consumes might be used for agriculture purposes previously.
I felt that some of it was reductive and attempted to draw clear distinctions between the worldviews of the rich and the poor. I will focus instead on his discussion of gangs, which elucidates both the repercussions of state policies on the lives of the urban poor as well as the possible policy implications of an ethnographic study. Instead of viewing gangs as disrupting the functioning of poor neighbourhoods (as is assumed by criminologists), Sanchez-Jankowski stresses on the fact that they are recognized as legitimate in the neighbourhood and contribute to its social structure; thus rendering the fact that they are considered illegitimate in the eyes of the larger society irrelevant. His questions remain: how and when do gangs negatively affect low-income neighbourhoods and when do they help maintain the social fabric of poor neighbourhoods? In social disorganisation theory, there is an attempt to locate the gang as ‘external’ or the ‘other’ which is undesirable and must be eliminated.
How were the living conditions for the less wealthy? What caused the urbanization? How did the industrial revolution affect the public health and life expectancy? What was the emerging middle class, working class families and the role of women? The working class in the industrial revolution was the majority of society in Britain.
People observing this phenomenon have noticed that gentrification can improve living conditions and can also leave many people displaced . But finding out if gentrification leaves a positive or negative impact on American communities will need to be determined by weighing the problems and the solutions it brings. There are multiple problems that appear with the process of gentrification. Craig S. Wilder, a history professor at
Article Summary The article, The Colour of Poverty: A Study of the Poverty of Ethnic and Immigrant Groups in Canada (Kazempiur & Halli, 2000) sets out to answer the question of how different groups of immigrants are performing economically. Taking into account the ethnic origin, period and age at immigration and immigrant’s geographical location within Canada, the authors are able to examine each group individually and compare them. In publishing this article, the authors clear up the issue of why previous research involving immigrants ' economic performance have had mixed results. Their research shows that to get accurate results one cannot study immigrants as one group. By analyzing the data from the 1991 Canadian census the authors establish
Many proponents as well as advocates of gentrification like to use in many regard as code words to back up their claim that gentrification brings “revitalization” “urban renewal” and more importantly “enhances” the community. However, these are what many who are critical of gentrification deem to be “ code words”, because they appear to be ones that exude positivity when they are in fact not expressing the full story of the argument, because underneath this creeping positivity. There still exists this form of stereotyping that minorities, or those from lower socioeconomic means cannot create something that is unique or successful on their own. Furthermore, what existed in their communities before gentrification was one that brought little to no value to society. Never mind the fact, that these very same individuals have fostered many communities that were now being destroyed and altered because of the