What is Mastitis? Mastitis is inflammation of the mammary gland and udder tissue. It occurs as a response to an invasion of bacteria in the teat canal, from a variety of bacteria sources from the cows surroundings and is a major problem to dairy cattle. Mastitis can also occur from mechanical, chemical or thermal injury to the cow’s udder. The bacterial toxins can damage milk secreting tissue and other such ducts and sometimes-permanent damage can occur.
Animal agriculture is creating devastating effects on the environment, and in order to combat these threats, we must embrace safer, alternative forms of food production. Our modern use of animal agriculture is one of the biggest threats to our environment. Due to the massive amounts of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide emissions, animal agriculture
On a lighter note, but still of dire context, the Amish community in Lancaster, PA have been found to be major contributors to high levels of manure and fertilizer runoff in the Chesapeake Bay. The EPA has made efforts to try to get Amish farmers to stop their
Mastitis is one of the most problematic diseases and continues to have a major economic impact on the dairy industry throughout the world (Bachaya et al., 2011). A total of about 140 microbial species, subspecies and serovars have been isolated from the bovine mammary gland (Radostits et al., 2007). Among infectious agents, bacterial pathogens are considered to be the major threat to mammary gland. In Asia, major mastitis causing organisms are Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococci, E. coli, Corynebacterium spp. and Klebsella spp., and recent reports indicating the changing trends from Staphylococcus aureus to Coagulase Negative Staphylococci (CNS) as major mastitis causing organism (Sharma et al., 2012).
“On March 24, 2015, the House of Commons voted unanimously to take immediate measures to add microbeads to the List of Toxic Substances in Schedule 1 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999)” (Canada Gazette, 2015). This decision was based on overwhelming evidence presented on the toxic nature of microbeads. The extensive research reviewed for this proposed regulation clearly indicates the following points: ● Personal care products such as facial, scrubs and soaps contains thousands of micro plastic per container which are washed down the drains, because they cannot be filtered out in the sewage systems they end up in our aquatic systems. ● Microbeads are a hazard to the environment because they are not biodegradable and they actually absorb toxins from their surrounding environment and so act as persistent organic pollutants (POPs). They
By marketing certain foods as nutritional holy grails in Western cultures, increased demand is placed on the countries producing these foods, which can damage the physical geography of these areas (Sander & Jacobsen 2014). Local individuals also have a more difficult time consuming these dietary staples on their own terms (Ofstehage 2012). Additionally, in terms of climate change, most “superfoods” are produced out of North America. As such, these foods have to travel farther distances, increasing the amount of pollution in the form of carbon dioxide emissions that are released into the atmosphere (Wheeler & von Braun 2013). Moreover, in terms of food quality, increased demand for “superfoods” can lead to heightened levels of contamination.
One of the most common beverages amongst children and families throughout the world, is milk. As time has progressed the popularity of this drink has dramatically declined for numerous social and health reasons. This worsening downturn, is leaving dairy brands such as Milk Life in critical predicaments. In an effort to resolve this problem, Milk Life has created an advertisement to illustrate the true importance of milk, and how it is relevant in America today. In today’s society, many contemporary subcultures have become a crucial part of our development as a civilization.
Processed foods and beverages are the biggest sources of added sugar (and High fructose) in the diet. Sugar is very unhealthy and can have serious adverse effects on metabolism when consumed in excess. Sugar contains a lot of calories, with no essential nutrients. It also causes tooth decay by feeding the harmful bacteria in the mouth. For people who are inactive and eat a processed food, large amounts of fructose from added sugars get turned into fat in the liver.
25). Big corporations, especially food and beverage companies are faced with the challenges of "water scarcity, uncertainty in global resources and impacts on the agricultural system due to climate change, such as extreme weather along with input cost increases, price in energy and food commodities, saturation of landfills and cost increases in packaging materials" (PEP_2013 p. 25). PepsiCo's Resource Conservation (ReCon) program is designed to analyze and deliver efficiencies in energy, water and waste. The program applies global practices; identify water, GHG and solid waste reduction opportunities; and implement techniques on a global scale (PEP_2013 p. 26). PepsiCo's Alvalle brand of gazpachos and cold soups was able to achieved significant reductions in overall energy and water use in 2013 after using
what is Lactose Intolerance? Lactose intolerance refers to digestive disturbances resulting from now not having sufficient intestinal lactase, the enzyme wished to interrupt down lactose--the sugar located certainly in milk and milk merchandise. If lactose isn 't digested, it could cause fuel and stomach cramps. whilst no treatment exists