34) stated “the constructive alignment based on constructivism in learning and alignment in teaching where aims, objectives and assessment and teaching and learning activities align constructively” (p. 34). The most essential thing is whatever evaluation assignment we utilize it ought to be obviously adjusted to the learning result and showing and learning exercises Assessing the learner’s performances is a crucial tool in the teaching and learning process and must reliable with the objectives and what is taught and learnt such as assessments tasks, learning objectives, and instructional strategies. This paper will be a discussion based on, what is the most appropriate methods of assessment should be use to measure and evaluate student learning? “The research on formative assessment and feedback is reinterpreted to show how these processes can help students take control of their own learning, i.e. become self-regulated learners.
Keeping in mind the end goal to enable learners to create certainty and confidence, cognitively teachers must examine the proposes of reading instruction and enable learners to create explanatory, procedural, and restrictive learning of these psychological methodologies, in this way assembling that would advance learners metacognitive control of particular learning strategies. The Linguistic foundations of reading and writing development is based on the viewpoint that the writer or reader uses their knowledge of the things around them and the structure of language to make connections of reading or writing content. According to research linguists, all cultures try to represent key aspects of their verbal language into their written languages. Based on major developments and contributions, " Letters and letter units correspond to particular sounds (phonemes); spaces in between words represent junctures in spoken language; and typographical RUNNING HEAD: Benchmark Reading Instruction features represent other linguistic properties (emphasis, the end of the sentence, etc.)"
Reading is a process of constructing meaning. In developing a pedagogy about teaching reading, teachers must be aware of all elements that create a good reader. Teachers can provide the best instruction by delivering a balanced approach to teaching reading. Whilst it is necessary for students to recognise explicit elements of reading such as phonics, students will achieve much more success when also viewing reading from a ‘world view’. Teachers should incorporate a combination of direct instruction and the constructivist approach when teaching reading.
Curriculum models provide a structure for teachers to “systematically and transparently map out the rationale for the use of particular teaching, learning and assessment approaches” in the classroom, and are regarded as an effective and essential framework for successful teachers (O’Neill 2015, p27). Feeding into a particular curricular stance, it is essential to recognise the multiplicity of sources which will govern this individual framework. Oronstein and Hunkins observe that, when designing a curricular stance, educators must first consider the “philosophical and learning theories” which will inform their “design decisions” (2009, p182). This approach is essential to ensure that the curricular approaches one selects are “consonant with
Each part of the Conceptual Framework is essential and important to being an educator. Being a Reflective Practitioner means that the educator is prepared and knowledgeable in the content that is being taught. Some that is a Transformative Practitioner seeks to motivate students to learn and is creative with study materials. The Culturally Responsible Practitioner looks to all of the national, state, and local materials and standards to educate students. This individual provides order, commitment, and knowledge to students.
Although the common belief is that certain aspects of school are important for an ideal education for all students, the main problems that need to be rectified as soon as possible include the lettered grading system and test scores as the main measure of achievement as well as a lack of disciplined and motivated in teachers who do their jobs correctly in order for their students to reach their full potential and excel in life. Out of all the issues with American education today, one of the most overvalued yet problematic for students is the grades and scores that represent their classroom proficiency and content knowledge. It is true that today, in the United States, the easiest and seemingly most reliable way to track student performance and rank schools by quality of education is by simply marking students based on their scores on assignments and assessments done in school or on standardized exams designed to measure mastery of content, and by comparing and analyzing the
PBL requires much time that must be provided to solve complex problems. So, it will lead to a lack of time available for the material/content and the organization and administration of project based learning can be time-consuming (Helle et al. 2006; Kemdikbud, 2013a). b. Many instructors/teachers feel comfortable with traditional classroom, where they play a central role in the classroom (Kemdikbud, 2013a).
Indeed, to build the grounds for which teachers can foster their learners’ intrinsic reading motivation, the following strategies (Hunter, 2005) can be of practical application in classrooms. -The reading level of each text presented in the classroom should be coupled with the students’ cognitive
A teacher needs to have really good time management skills in order to finish that daily to-do list. Teachers must work very efficiently with the very limited time. So, time management is a very important skill to have. I have realized that to find that managing time (mine and the students') was one of my biggest challenges. Lack of time to finish work is a problem that I hope to be able to deal over time.
The theoretical framework consists of the basic theory. This theory will support the data in the research as the data will be analyze by using the theory. In analyzing the language teaching method, the basic theory is taken from book “Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching” written by Jack Richards and Rodgers (1986). In the book, there three kinds of procedure of language teaching which are approach, method and technique. The three procedures are related to another.