At Literature level, Feminist Literary Criticism has taken lots of attention and played a major function in reevaluating literary production, where how it is read and how to identify literary works with female characters as a challenge to the male-dominated outlook for women in literature where women have been historically presented as objects and seen from a male perspective. This paper, however, provides a general Feminist interpretation of two major works of art belonging to two different ages and cultures: “A Rose for Emily” a short story by the American author William Faulkner (1929) and “Sonnet 43” (1845) (one of “Sonnets from the Portuguese”) of the Victorian poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Both works provide two contradictory models of women in patriarchal society. Major aspects in the selected works are tackled against the Feminist concepts on Patriarchy, Discrimination, Gender Stereotypes, and Dependency (economic or emotional). 2.
Gender identity is a controversial concept that has been discussed in terms of several perceptions such as psychological, social and political point of views. In consequence, it acquires different definitions and interpretations. However, in feminist works, using the feminist approach seems to be imperative because of its validity in analyzing the psychology of female heroines, as well as the psychology of female writers. This thesis attempts to clarify gender identity thought reading three postmodern gothic novels written by Angela Carter –a British contemporary writer. The ultimate goal of this thesis is to read the concept of gender identity in the terms of postmodern principles; it argues that Angela Carter in her postmodern gothic novels The
The literature by women in this phase, characterized by self discovery, a turning inward, moved beyond feminism to a phase of courageous self-exploration, but also incorporated the double legacy of feminine ‘self-hatred’ and ‘feminist withdrawal’. The women writers of this phase thus moved towards a separatist literature of inner space focusing on the psychological rather than social aspects. Writers like Dorothy Richardson, Katherine Mansfield and Virginia Woolf presented their version of modernism as a response to the material culture of male Edwardian novelists like H.G. Wells and Arnold Bennett. Androgyny, the sexual ethic of the Bloomsbury group and an important concept of the period provided a refuge from the confrontation with the body.
Feminist Theory involves looking at how women in novels are portrayed, how female characters are reinforcing stereotypes or undermining them, and the challenges that female characters face (Davidson). Feminist Theory can be applied to In the Time of the Butterflies to show how female stereotypes are being reinforced throughout the novel and how women are portrayed. Feminist Theory can be applied to
This text is going to address the novels ' own assessment of gender, and their views on womanhood as a single category. Firstly, it will be argued that both novelists incorporate in their writings essentialist principles, articulated in earlier forms of feminism, focused on a critique of patriarchal social ordering. On the other hand, the essay will look at postmodern deconstructive tendencies of feminism, demonstrating how Carter and Wilson move beyond binary systems of opposites, and bypass singular categories, such as womanhood. Lastly, it will be assessed whether the postmodern character of both works confirms post-structuralist fragmentation of an individual, or whether the authors find other ways of conceptualising the
Feminism is one of the critical and theoretical studies that are reshaping literary studies. Many feminist theories have been developed in different places and different periods of time. Each of these theories and studies criticize the way that the economic, political or traditional systems deal with women’s rights. Some of the feminist perspectives protest against the distinction and discrimination against women in modern society (Johnson 57). In this paper I will concentrate on how some feminist theories approach objectification by reviewing many different definitions of objectification; second I will explain the wrong thing about objectification and then what is ok about to see if they all those feminist critics agree about the idea of objectification.
The term feminism has several definitions and interpretations as the theory itself varies according to its use. However the general aim of the feminism is to change the degrading position of women in literature and the real world. Robbins in her book, Literary Feminism opines that “feminism is most commonly understood as meaning the ‘advocacy of the rights of woman’ and it has to do with oppression”(13) Feminism movement is divided into three waves. The first wave of feminism was active in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. It is about the suffrage of women.
Abstract Feminism as a movement emerged in 1960’s to alleviate the notions by men which are out of misconception and fight for their denied rights. Feminist criticism’s major objective is exposing the mechanics of patriarchy, the socio-cultural mindset, and exploring ways to promote a mind-shift. The archetypal image of woman too is a patriarchal socio-cultural mindset. The images of the women are grounded in the subjective experiences of individuals, which are their dreams, their thoughts and their daily activities. This paper analyses the Archetypal Images of Women in Anita Desai’s Voices in the City.
Reflecting on Woolf’s A Room of One’s Own, Showalter faces the similar issue of women’s exclusion from the academy. Charting a long history of literary women, she drives attention to undervalued nineteenth-century writers such as Sarah Grand, George Egerton. Rather than defining a ‘universal’ woman’s text, Showalter preferred to identify a female ‘subculture’ which created those texts. She argues that, with the reemergence of a Women’s Liberation Movement in England and in America around 1960s and 1970s, scholarship generated by contemporary feminist movement has led to an increase in sensitivity to the problems of sexual bias or projection in literary history. And one of the most significant contributions has been the unearthing and reinterpretation of “lost” works by women writers, and the documentation of their lives and careers.
Feminist literary criticism is a direct product of the 1960s ‘women’s movement’, recognising the ‘significance of the images of women that are promulgated by literature’ (Barry, 116). Feminist critics see it as vital to challenge such portrayals – particularly in relation to aspects of ‘conditioning’ and ‘socialisation’, and what is considered an ‘acceptable version of the ‘feminine’ (Barry, 117). Gilbert and Gubar’s “A Dialogue of Self and Soul: Plain Jane’s Progress” offers a provocative critique, employing the character of Bertha Mason and her entrapment in the attic at Thornfield as an emblematic approach to the repression of omnipresent patriarchal standards of Victorian Society. Portrayed as the ‘truest and darkest double’ (360) to the novel’s protagonist, Bertha becomes a manifestation the thoughts and feelings that Jane feels she must subdue.