Pressures from society and those around you can feel like a bell jar hovering over you. In the novel The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath, pressures from society and self doubt lead a bright young female college student with loads of opportunity to fall into depression and eventually insanity. The main character, Esther Greenwood, battles with what society wants her to be as a woman and as a person in the 1950’s. When Esther is presented with a prestigious scholarship program for journalism in New York City she is eager to go. She is ambitious and intelligent but the weight of societal expectations, expectations of those close to her, along with her own self doubt cause her to go into the downward spiral of insanity. The Bell Jar, shows that pressures from society and self doubt are dangerous to a person’s mental health. The pressure of what a women should be, what opportunities to take, and her self doubt all become too much to grasp.
These schemes change almost every stanza. I would say that the scheme is not traditional. The poem departs from traditional poems because it doesn 't really follow a structure. You could say that it 's free verse with a large amount of rhyming throughout. The line lengths and stanza arrangement also have not patterns or structure which is very unlike most other poems .
From the age of eight until her death, Sylvia Plath struggled with mental illness. Along with frequent therapy visits, she wrote poetry to reflect the many events in her life. She wrote about everything, from the things that brought her great joy to the things that drove her to attempt suicide. One recurring topic of her poems is her father, Otto Plath, who she adored until he died of undiagnosed diabetes when she was eight. This event sparked a lifetime of depression and anger towards her father.
His poem Sympathy is just one example of how he felt trapped like a caged bird in his life. Even though the Civil War was over, African Americans still did not have as many privileges and opportunities as most White people had. Most of Dunbar’s writing showed his perspective of life and the struggles that came with it. Maya Angelou was born in 1928 and suffered a hard childhood that later on affected her writing. When she was eight years old, Maya was sexually abused and raped by her mother’s boyfriend.
A villanelle is a nineteen-line poem with two rhymes throughout its rhythm. It has a multiple set or group of three lines of verse rhyming together or connected by rhyme. It also has a stanza of four lines, especially one having alternate rhymes. The villanelle an ABA rhyme scheme, similar too “ roses are red. Violets are blue.
There are two incremental refrains in the poem. This means that the refrain is slightly different each time it is featured. One is the listing of the seasons and the other is the listing of different celestial bodies (Turco). There is also repetition of specific words within short phrases within the poem. Another stylistic device used in the poem is alliteration.
The last line of the stanza, and poem, repeats the same structure of the previous stanzas’ last lines, it is shorter the other lines of the lines in the stanza and it finishes the sentence started in the second line. The last line of the poem brings in another element, water “by unwilling waters”. (155). Water is the opposite of the other fire, but not necessarily the opposite of destruction, the theme throughout the
For example in stanza five there are two rhyming triplets. The tone of the poem also changes accordingly to the action in the poem, the rhyme, rhythm and measure. At first skeptical, almost discouraging, but after it gains hope. At a point that hope shatters and the tone becomes grave and sorrow. The poem as well as the charge end quietly in a plain stanza, the last stanza which different but still inspirational.
Most lines of the poem are different lengths. There are no sentence fragments but, there are sentences made of only two or three words opposed to the few sentences that make up several lines. This use of compressed language is significant because it is allowing the author to say something great or profound without having to use lots of words. By doing this, it gives the reader room to analyze what the author is trying to say and come up with their interpretation. The first short phrase is “A marvel.”
The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath is a semi-autobiographical novel in which Plath relays her own experiences through protagonist Esther Greenwood by highlighting the struggles she faced in navigating societal expectations, depression, and her own desires. Having spent time in college and later in multiple mental health institutions, Plath tells her story through Esther in a way that blends fiction and reality. Through Esther, we see Plath’s own interpretations of her triumphs, failures, values, and the slow but seemingly inevitable diminishment of her mental health.
1. Introduction Published in 1963 under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas, The Bell Jar has aroused the interest of scholars all over the world. One of the most often discussed characteristics of The Bell Jar is its use of similes, metaphors, and symbols. Throughout The Bell Jar, Sylvia Plath employs rhetorical devices to paint a vivid picture of its protagonist Esther. This essay will discuss how Sylvia Plath uses figurative language to represent Esther’s feelings of insanity, anxiety, and freedom.
Sylvia Plath is considered to be one of the most significant female poets known not only to Americans but also to the whole world. Her death in 1963, followed by an unfortunate and short life did not end her input and influence inliterature, she became an icon to the female literary society. Sylvia's outstanding style of writing and themes which she portrayed in her works such as death, seeking for an identity or oppression on women in a patriarchal society began the feminist movementin America and changed the role of women. This topic is of a great importance because they way that Sylvia Plath was expressing her feelings and showing her negative view on a patriarchal society and oppression on women was a giant leap in the world of a women's liberation movement.