As a result of these “social resources”, hierarchical structuring of the society is maintained. In Wole Soyinka’s The Beatification of Area Boy and Alapata Apata, this social stratification that accounts for the hierarchical structuring of the society as indicated by Weber is present. Soyinka’s medium of characterisation using name types such as Trader, Judge, Shopkeeper, Police, Woman, Military Governor, Big man shopper, Maid, General and so on in both plays immediately suggest the class, status and power each character possesses and stating the obvious hierarchical division in the
Despite the fact, that Marxist criticism elaborates on the conflict of classes as the source of social stratification and can explain the gender gap in wages: this stratification of gender inequality can be explained by the prevalence and differentiation of culture (Rushwoy 2018; Cummings et al 2017). Through the anthropological analysis of domains of experience, social constructions, and agents of socialization depicts the social stratification of gender inequality in Canada originates from these social aspects of culture that people uphold in
The term middle class is somewhat of a definite norm in our society. Title and Paternoster have come up with a Typology that sets stage for considering how to define the term deviance and the standards for acceptable behavior. The question raised is perhaps if deviance is grounded in issues that have close relations with factors such as race, gender, income, religion, amongst other contributing factors. They seem to have many relations with these kinds of factors. I think deviance is rooted in some way of the issues that are related to these factors.
The concept of intersectionality refers to the interdependence of multiple socially constructed categories and how they interact and shape different levels of social inequality, oppression or privilege. Through the analysis of multiple, and often complicated, intersections of race, gender, religion, this essay exposes the institutional and interactional dimensions of in the narratives of gender and sexuality, heteronormativity and homosexuality. Before we explore the intersection of social identities within our environments, it is important that the meaning and significance of the term ‘social identity’ is explored. ‘Social identity’ refers to the social category which on belongs to; for example, this may include elements such as your race, class, gender, age, education, sex and religion to name a few (Shields, 2008:300). Using this, examples of social identify could be ‘female’, ‘white’ or ‘Christian’.
There are different types of unequal power relations which may base on ethnic differences, social class differences and race, gender, religion or age differences. In case of unequal power distribution among groups the dominant group integrates its power with rules, laws, customs, habits and general consensus at societal level which is called hegemony. Class domination, sexism and racism are principles examples of hegemony (Gramsci, 1971). Gender discrimination and domination, one of the examples of hegemony of one gender in society, is an ideology as well as a discursive social practice. Critical Discourse Analysis, a field of linguistics, specifically aims at searching and identifying traces of cultural and ideological meanings in spoken as well as written texts (O’ Halloran, 2003, p.1).
Malvolio, in turn, collides with the social limits, ‘from his transgression of sumptuary codes to class intermarriage’ (Selden, 1989, 168). Shakespeare is evidently elaborating what could happen if one tried to transgress in society. The audience can establish a connection to Malvolio and his aspirations as they see how the social order paradox works. Shakespeare echoes the asperity of attempting to break the
Trudgill (2000, 21), “Social Stratification is a term used to refer to any hierarchical ordering of groups within a society especially in terms of power, wealth and status.” This Social Stratification leads to the observation of the different facets of language that may be influenced by social factors and social placements. Trudgill also discusses the possibility that this social stratification cannot be observed in all societies because of the varying degrees of social divisions. He discusses the social caste system in India as an example. The caste system in India is seen as a permanent division in their social realities. Because of this, the gaps between the population, in both social rank and other factors, are established.
TITLE: SOCIAL STATUS INFLUENCES SPEECH LANGUAGE CAN SHOW YOUR WEALTH The main purpose of this paper is to discuss the impact social status has on language. Language of individuals in society does vary, it seeks to establish why a person may speak a particular way and consider whether it has to do with a person’s social class. For this piece an informant was interviewed, the data from this informant will be analyzed to show the relation between language and class. The rural and urban creole will be examined with the use of theoretical sources, thus, explaining the linguistic variations. Collectively, a conclusion will be drawn to understand the social status and speech relationship.
Rowman Altamira. In Chapter 7, the writers look at age and gender as the basic forms of distinction for social roles in society. I will be focussing on gender for the purpose of this bibliography. It was noted that a difference between gender and sex exists; sex being the physical and anatomical differences between male and female, while gender being the culture-specific ways in which different roles are associated and constructed around these differences. They stated that categories created by age and sex do not simply rely upon biological differences, but are also defined by cultural rules and norms.
In literature, writers often have different reasons of displaying social groups in different ways. First of all, it provides the text with structure. It causes segregation between different groups within the text and gives the audience a particular interpretation of one group and a contrary interpretation for another group. This isn't solely for dividing good and bad, but it can also be utilised to portray the difference in social class or status. For example, masters versus slaves.