Macro social work promotes human development and social justice through work with communities and organizations. It comprises of a wide variety of knowledge and skills that enables workers to lead and contribute to highly performing public and private sector organizations that focuses on the critical social issues with diverse population. As such “diverse population is a variety of people which include several characteristic against what one may deem as the norm or majority.” Macro social work is centered on investigation of larger scales to social problems and for the development and implementation of social interventions that aim at effecting positive change at the community, state, and national levels (Birkenmaier and Berg-Weger 2007).
Sociological Imagination is the use of imaginative thoughts to understand the connections between the forces of society and the personal lives of the individuals. Sociological Imagination is made up of 3 major theories which are the Functionalist Perspective, Conflict Perspective, and the Symbolic Interactionist Perspective. The Functionalist Perspective is a society or group that is relatively stable, which causes people to work together, and all parts of society contribute and has effects on the entire society. Another theory is the Conflict Perspective which is where Conflict theorists assume that the social structure affects human behavior. However, the Conflict Perspective focuses on the conflict, power differences and social change in society.
Individuals and some identifiable groups may fall into misfortune or maladaptive patterns. The goal of intervention is to help them adapt to existing structures, perhaps making minor institutional adjustments where warranted. Functionalism interprets each part of society in terms of how it contributes to the stability of the whole society. Society is more than the sum of its parts; rather, each part of society is functional for the stability of the
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN DIFFERENT SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ESSAY EDUCATION AS A SOCIAL INSTITUTION: Social institutions are an important element in the structure of human societies. They provide a structure for behavior in a particular part of social life. Education is one of the major social institutions that exist in the society. It establishes a goal of social equality and a common knowledge base among students.
The community has symbols that creates meaning, also contributing to their identification, because of those symbols a social worker get to be able to work with clients. STRENGTH The relationship between meaning of symbols and a person’s behavior, this theory provides a bond between how an individual behaves is related to the meaning of objects and events. Provides the ability to understand small scale human interaction, it enables the understanding of family interaction. Recognizes that beliefs and opinions of reality are changeable, the belief people have on something can actually change and become part of reality.
Each of the organ systems in your body have a certain function, or job. Working together, all of these organ systems make up an organism. In other words, cells make up tissues, tissues make up organs, organs make up organ systems, and organ systems make an organism. To begin with, cells are the basic unit of life.
The functionalist perspective says that society and its systems work together to maintain stability. This perspective heavily relies on the belief that each part of society affects another. Functionalists believe that “social mechanisms hold society together” (Cury, Jiobu, and Schwirian 12). They focus heavily on how different institutions affect social life.
Structural functionalism holds that a society is essentially like a living organism. That is, a society is made up of various parts that are all necessary to the overall functioning of that society. Each part of society, like each organ in a human body, has some role to play in the overall health of society. In this view, social institutions are some of the most important organs.
According to Crowther and Lancaster (2008), as a general rule, positivist studies normally adopt deductive approach). Positivism relies on scientific evidence drawn from experiments and quantified facts which target to reflect the dynamics and picture of the social world. Positivism holds the principles of both inductive and deductive which mean that the latter tests hypotheses and the former gathers knowledge that is reached through gathering of evidence. It relies on scientific facts drawn from experimentation and facts that can be quantified and gives meaning to the dynamics in the social world. It holds the principle of both deductive and inductive which implies that the latter tested hypotheses and the former collects knowledge which is arrived by collecting facts.
Society: society is a large group of people who live together in a community. The social groups interact with each other to build a strong bon, which leads to society. They make important decisions and share their works with each other. Also shares a common culture and social structure and expected to abide by the same laws. All people in a country or countries can be classified as a society.
This perspective has a lot to do with cooperation and consensus. A few other key concepts in this perspective are anomies, institutions, and social integration. The three major theorists involved are Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, and Robert Merton. The theory states that social influences shape individual behavior and social integration is maintained from sharing experiences with others.